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Protection Force of Ezidkhan
Hêza Parastina Êzîdxanê (HPÊ)
Participant in Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)
HPE Logo
Insignia of the Protection Force of Ezidkhan
Active 2014–present
Leaders Haydar Shesho
Strength 2,500[1] – 5,500[2]
Part of Sinjar Alliance
Allies Flag of YBŞ.svg Sinjar Resistance Units (YBŞ)
Flag of Sinjar Womens Units.svg Êzidxan Women's Units (YJÊ)
Opponents Flag of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant2.svg Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Battles/wars

Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)

The Protection Force of Êzîdxan or HPÊ (Hêza Parastina Êzîdxanê or قوة حماية ايزيدخان), also translated as Ezidkhan Defense Units,[3] is a Yazidi militia founded by Haydar Shesho in the summer of 2014 because of the genocide of Yazidis by ISIL.[4] It is bigger than the other main Yazidi militia, the Sinjar Resistance Units.[3] However, it is less active and armed than the Sinjar Resistance Units which has been fighting against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant since 2014.

The HPŞ is the only indigenous, independent force in the district. Other Yazidi militias are affiliated with various Kurdish parties. "We fight only for Yazidis, not for any party", said Haydar.[5]

Haydar Shesho was arrested on 5 April 2015 by the Kurdistan Regional Government for creating an illegitimate militia.[6][7][8] He was released a week later.[5]

In October 2015, the HPŞ participated in the foundation of the Sinjar Alliance as an all-Yazidi joint commando umbrella structure with rival Sinjar Resistance Units (YBŞ), its all-women offshoot, the Êzidxan Women's Units (YJÊ)[9] and other, independent Yazidi units committed to the united Yazidi front.[10]

Under the joint command of the newly founded Sinjar Alliance, the Protection Forces of Sinjar took part in the November 2015 Sinjar offensive.[11]

In November 2015 the Hêza Parastina Şingal or HPŞ changes its name to Hêza Parastina Êzîdxanê or HPÊ (eng. Protection Force of Ezidkhan).[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. IS-Terror in Shingal: Wer kämpft gegen wen? Ein Überblick, Ezidi Press. 12 October 2014
  2. With the Islamic State gone from Sinjar, Kurdish groups battle for control, Al-Monitor. 27 March 2016
  3. 3.0 3.1 Paraszczuk, Joanna (11 June 2015). "Yazidi militias fight IS in Iraq, amid Kurdish rivalries". http://www.rferl.org/content/islamic-state-yazidi-militias-kurdish-region/27066780.html. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  4. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung: Die Angst der Yeziden im Sindschar-Gebirge, 30 August 2014
  5. 5.0 5.1 van den Toorn, Christine (10 May 2015). "The hero Yazidis hope will save them". http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/05/10/a-yazidi-super-hero-who-won-t-go-away.html. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  6. Kurdish government: Shesho arrested by official order. Ezidi Press. 6 April 2015.
  7. Breaking news: HPS Supreme Commander Haydar Sesho arrested. Ezidi Press. 6 April 2015.
  8. Top Yazidi commander Haydar Shesho arrested by Iraqi Kurdish authorities. Ekurd Daily. 6 April 2015.
  9. "Yezidi forces form alliance against IS". Êzîdî Press. 31 October 2015. http://ezidipress.com/en/yezidi-forces-form-alliance-against-is/. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 
  10. "Independent Yezidi units join Shingal alliance". Êzîdî Press. 31 October 2015. http://ezidipress.com/en/independent-yezidi-units-join-shingal-alliance/. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 
  11. "Shingal: KurdInnen starten mit vereinten Kräften Großoffensive gegen IS" (in de). Kurdische Nachrichten. 12 November 2015. http://kurdischenachrichten.com/2015/11/shingal-kurdinnen-starten-mit-vereinten-kraeften-grossoffensive-gegen-is/. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 
  12. ÊzîdîPress: HPŞ benennt sich in HPÊ um: Hêza Parastina Êzîdxan

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