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File:RN-Adm-of-the-Fleet-shoulder.gif
Flag of the United Kingdom

The flag of an Admiral of the Fleet is the Union Flag, and is in 1:2 rather than the 2:3 of other admirals' flags.[1]

Admiral of the Fleet is a rank of the British Royal Navy and other navies, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-10.

The rank evolved from the ancient sailing days and the admiral distinctions used by the Royal Navy then. The British fleet was divided into three divisions and each designated a colour, that of Red, White, or Blue. Each coloured division was assigned an Admiral, who in turn had command over a Vice-Admiral and a Rear Admiral. In the 18th century, the original nine ranks began to be filled by more than one person per rank. The Admiral of the Fleet commanded the admirals of the various divisions and thus, the entirety of the British fleet. As head of the Royal Navy, this position was later given the name of First Sea Lord.

The organisation of the British fleet into coloured squadrons was abandoned in 1864 and Admiral of the Fleet became part of the modern system of military ranks. The Red Ensign was allocated to the Merchant Marine, the White Ensign became the flag of the Royal Navy, and the Blue Ensign was allocated to the naval reserve and naval auxiliary vessels. Routine appointments to the rank of Admiral of the Fleet (and its equivalents in the other British services) ceased in 1996; however, it does still exist and those who have already been appointed are unaffected by this cessation.

Admiral of the Fleet is equivalent to a 5 star rank and has a NATO ranking code of OF-10, equivalent to a Marshal of the Royal Air Force or a Field Marshal in the British Army.

Admiral of the Fleet is also used as a title in some of the world's militaries for the most senior officer of the fleet or Commander-in-Chief of the Navy. In the German Kriegsmarine of the Second World War, the equivalent rank was Grand Admiral.

Admirals of the FleetEdit

Appointed
Name
Born
Died
1690 Russell EdwardEdward Russell (later Earl of Orford) 1652 1727
1696 Rooke GeorgeSir George Rooke 1650 1709 circa
13 January 1705 Shovell CloudesleySir Cloudesley Shovell 1650 1707
21 December 1708 Fairborne StaffordSir Stafford Fairborne 1666 1742 circa
14 March 1718 Byng GeorgeSir George Byng (later Viscount Torrington)16631733
20 February 1734 Norris JohnSir John Norris 1670 1749
1 July 1749 Ogle ChallonerSir Chaloner Ogle 1681 1750
22 November 1751 Steuart JamesJames Steuart 1690 1757
March 1757 Clinton GeorgeGeorge Clinton 1686 1761
30 July 1761 AnsonThe Lord Anson 1697 1762
17 December 1762 Rowley WilliamSir William Rowley 1690 1768 circa
15 January 1768 Hawke EdwardSir Edward Hawke (later Lord Hawke) 1705 1781
24 October 1781 Luke O'KeefeJohn Forbes 1714 1796
12 March 1796 HoweThe Earl Howe 1726 1799
16 September 1799 Parker PeterSir Peter Parker 1721 1811
24 December 1811 Clarence and Saint AndrewsHRH The Duke of Clarence and St Andrews (later King William IV) 1765 1837
19 July 1821 Saint VincentThe Earl of St Vincent 1735 1823
28 June 1830 Williams-Freeman WilliamWilliam Williams-Freeman 1742 1832
22 July 1830 GambierThe Lord Gambier 1756 1833
22 July 1830 Pole CharlesSir Charles Pole 1757 1830
24 April 1833 Nugent CharlesSir Charles Nugent 1759 1844
8 January 1844 Whitshed JamesSir James Whitshed 1762 1849
9 November 1846 Martin GeorgeSir George Martin 1764 1847
13 October 1849 Martin ThomasSir Thomas Martin 1773 1854
1 July 1851 Cockburn GeorgeSir George Cockburn 1772 1853
8 December 1857 Ogle CharlesSir Charles Ogle 1775 1858
25 June 1858 West JohnSir John West 1774 1862
20 May 1862 Gage WilliamSir William Gage 1777 1864
10 November 1862 Hamond GrahamSir Graham Hamond 1779 1862
27 April 1863 Austen FrancisSir Francis Austen 1774 1865
27 April 1863 Parker WilliamSir William Parker 1781 1866
11 January 1864 Curtis LuciusSir Lucius Curtis 1786 1869
12 September 1865 Cochrane ThomasSir Thomas Cochrane 1789 1872
30 November 1866 Seymour GeorgeSir George Seymour 1787 1870
30 January 1868 Gordon JamesSir James Gordon 1782 1869
15 January 1869 Bowles WilliamSir William Bowles 1780 1869
3 July 1869 Sartorious GeorgeSir George Sartorius 1790 1885
21 January 1870 Moresby FairfaxSir Fairfax Moresby 1786 1877
20 October 1872 Stewart HoustonSir Houston Stewart 1791 1875
22 January 1877 Codrington HenrySir Henry Codrington 1808 1877
5 August 1877 Keppel HenrySir Henry Keppel 1809 1904
11 December 1877 Wallis ProvoSir Provo Wallis 1791 1892
27 December 1877 LauderdaleThe Earl of Lauderdale 1803 1878
27 December 1877 Mundy GeorgeSir George Mundy 1805 1884
15 June 1879 Hope JamesSir James Hope 1808 1881
15 July 1879 Symonds ThomasSir Thomas Symonds 1813 1894
10 June 1881 Milne AlexanderSir Alexander Milne 1806 1896
1 December 1881 Elliot CharlesSir Charles Elliot 1818 1895
29 April 1885 Ryder AlfredSir Alfred Ryder 1820 1888
18 July 1887 WalesHRH The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) 1841 1910 honorary
1 May 1888 Hornby GeoffreySir Geoffrey Hornby 1825 1895
8 December 1888 Hay JohnLord John Hay 1827 1916
2 August 1889 William IIHIM German Emperor William II 1859 1941 honorary
13 February 1892 Commerell JohnSir John Commerell 1829 1901
3 June 1893 EdinburghHRH The Duke of Edinburgh (later Duke Alfred of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) 1844 1900
20 February 1895 ClanwilliamThe Earl of Clanwilliam 1832 1907
23 August 1897 Lyons AlgernonSir Algernon Lyons 1833 1908
29 November 1898 Richards FrederickSir Frederick Richards 1833 1912
13 January 1899 Salmon NowellSir Nowell Salmon 1835 1912
3 October 1902 Erskine JamesSir James Erskine 1838 1911
30 August 1903 Hotham CharlesSir Charles Hotham 1843 1925
16 June 1904 Kerr WalterLord Walter Kerr 1839 1927
20 February 1905 Seymour EdwardSir Edward Seymour 1840 1929
5 December 1905 Fisher JohnSir John Fisher (later Lord Fisher) 1841 1920
1 March 1907 Wilson ArthurSir Arthur Wilson 1842 1921
11 June 1908 Nicholas IIHIM Tsar Nicholas II of Russia 1868 1918 honorary
2 December 1908 Noel GerardSir Gerard Noel 1845 1918
27 January 1910 Heinrich of PrussiaHRH Prince Heinrich of Prussia 1862 1929 honorary
30 April 1910 Fanshawe ArthurSir Arthur Fanshawe 1847 1936
20 March 1913 May WilliamSir William May 1849 1930
5 March 1915 Meux HedworthSir Hedworth Meux 1856 1929
2 April 1917 Callaghan GeorgeSir George Callaghan 1852 1920
3 April 1919 JellicoeThe Viscount Jellicoe (later Earl Jellicoe) 1859 1935
3 April 1919 Beatty DavidSir David Beatty (later Earl Beatty) 1871 1936
31 July 1919 Jackson HenrySir Henry Jackson 1855 1929
1 November 1919 Wemyss RosslynSir Rosslyn Wemyss (later Lord Wester Wemyss) 1864 1933
24 November 1920 Burney CecilSir Cecil Burney 1858 1929
5 July 1921 Sturdee DovetonSir Doveton Sturdee 1859 1925
22 August 1921 Milford HavenThe Marquess of Milford Haven 1854 1921
31 July 1924 Madden CharlesSir Charles Madden 1862 1935
8 May 1925 Calthorpe SomersetSir Somerset Calthorpe 1864 1937
24 November 1925 de Robeck JohnSir John de Robeck 1862 1928
21 January 1928 Oliver HenrySir Henry Oliver 1865 1965
31 July 1929 Brock OsmondSir Osmond Brock 1869 1947
8 May 1930 Keyes RogerSir Roger Keyes (later Lord Keyes) 1872 1945
20 January 1933 Field FrederickSir Frederick Field 1871 1945
31 July 1934 Tyrwhitt ReginaldSir Reginald Tyrwhitt 1870 1951
8 May 1935 Chatfield ErnleSir Ernle Chatfield (later Lord Chatfield) 1873 1967
21 January 1936 Edward VIIIHM King Edward VIII 1894 1972
12 July 1936 Kelly JohnSir John Kelly 1871 1936
11 December 1936 George VIHM King George VI 1894 1952
21 January 1938 CorkThe Earl of Cork and Orrery 1873 1967
7 July 1939 Backhouse RogerSir Roger Backhouse 1878 1939
31 July 1939 Pound DudleySir Dudley Pound 1877 1943
8 May 1940 Forbes CharlesSir Charles Forbes 1880 1960
21 January 1943 Cunningham AndrewSir Andrew Cunningham (later Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope) 1883 1963
22 October 1943 Tovey JohnSir John Tovey (later Lord Tovey) 1885 1971
8 May 1945 Somerville JohnSir James Somerville 1882 1949
21 January 1948 Cunningham JohnSir John Cunningham 1885 1965
22 October 1948 Fraser of North CapeThe Lord Fraser of North Cape 1888 1981
20 March 1949 Willis AlgernonSir Algernon Willis 1889 1976
22 April 1952 Power ArthurSir Arthur Power 1889 1960
1 June 1952 Vian PhilipSir Philip Vian 1894 1968
15 January 1953 EdinburghHRH The Duke of Edinburgh 1921
1 May 1953 McGrigor RhoderickSir Rhoderick McGrigor 1893 1959
22 April 1955 Creasy GeorgeSir George Creasy 1895 1972
22 October 1956 Mountbatten of BurmaThe Earl Mountbatten of Burma 1900 1979
1960 Lambe CharlesSir Charles Lambe 1900 1960
23 May 1962 John CasparSir Caspar John 1903 1984
12 August 1968 Begg VarylSir Varyl Begg 1908 1995
30 June 1970 Le Fanu MichaelSir Michael Le Fanu 1913 1970
12 March 1971 Hill-Norton PeterSir Peter Hill-Norton (later Lord Hill-Norton) 1915 2004
1 March 1974 Pollock MichaelSir Michael Pollock 1916 2006
9 February 1977 Ashmore EdwardSir Edward Ashmore 1919
6 July 1979 Lewin TerenceSir Terence Lewin (later Lord Lewin) 1920 1999
1 December 1982 Leach HenrySir Henry Leach 1923
2 August 1985 Fieldhouse JohnSir John Fieldhouse (later Lord Fieldhouse) 1928 1992
25 May 1989 Staveley WilliamSir William Staveley 1928 1997
2 March 1992 Oswald JulianSir Julian Oswald 1933
10 July 1995 Bathhurst BenjaminSir Benjamin Bathurst 1936
The practice of ordinarily promoting retiring First Sea Lords or Admirals becoming Chief of the Defence Staff to the rank of Admiral of the Fleet was then stopped.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Prothero, David (2002-12-03). "United Kingdom: Royal Navy rank flags". Flags of the World. http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/gb%5Enrank.html. Retrieved 2006-07-28. 

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