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IMARA

IMARA insignia

The Argentine Marine Corps, officially Comando de la Infantería de Marina or COIM ( English: Marine Infantry Command ), but better known as Infantería de Marina de la Armada de la República Argentina or IMARA ( English: Marine Infantry of the Navy of the Argentine Republic ), is the land warfare amphibious branch of the Argentine Navy and one of its four operational commands.

Argentine Marines have the same rank insignia and titles as the rest of the Navy.

HistoryEdit

The Marines trace their origins in Spanish Marine Corps, at the time of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. After the Argentine War of Independence, it was under joint administration of the Argentine Army and the Argentine Navy. A 1946 law placed the marines solely under the jurisdiction of the Navy.

Battles and interventionsEdit

Argentine Amtrac

1982: Argentine marines on Port Stanley

Under Spanish dominion:

During independence:

  • seizure of Martin Garcia Island in 1814.
  • Landing in Monterey, California, now part of the United States (1817–1818): 200 men commanded by Hipólito Bouchard, 130 of whom were armed with guns and 70 with lances, disembarked one league from the fort of Monterrey, in a creek hidden from the heights. The fort resisted only very weakly, and after an hour-long battle the Argentine flag was raised.

Argentine confederation:

Argentine Republic

) (1982): Invasions of the Falklands and South Georgia, and Battle of Mount Tumbledown, .

  • Gulf War. (1990)
  • UN Peacekeeper, observers/peace missions in Cyprus, Western Sahara, the Balkans, and Haiti.

PresentEdit

IMARA routinely train in joint exercises with similar units of Brazil, Chile and the United States.[1]

Current deploymentsEdit

Argentine marines on USS Oak Hill (LSD 51)

2009: Training on USS Oak Hill

IMARA has two Infantry Companies deployed in Haiti and Cyprus under the auspices of MINUSTAH[2] and UNFICYP respectively in joint operations with the Argentine Army and Argentine Air Force. A small platoon was also deployed in Serbia/UN ProvinceKosovo (NATO KFOR mandate), attached to Argentine Engineers Company, which was in turn attached to the Italian Brigade. Several Marine Officers and NCO's are routinely deployed as military observers for the UN.

StructureEdit

Fleet Marine Force (FAIF)Edit

The FMF was formerly called the Brigada de IM No. 1 ( English: 1st Marine Brigade )

Southern Marine Force (FAIA)Edit

The SMF was formerly called the Fuerza de IM No. 1.

River Operations UnitEdit

Marine Security ForcesEdit

  • Navy General Staff Security Battalion
  • Puerto Belgrano Naval Base Security Battalion
  • 15 Security Companies at Marine and Naval Air Bases.

Landing ShipsEdit

Weapons and vehicles[3]Edit

ERC90 IMARA 17may07

ERC-90 Recon. Vehicle

LVTP7-IMARA-17may07

VAO - IMARA's Amphibious tracked vehicle LVTP-7

LARC5 humvee IMARA 17may07

VAR - IMARA's Amphibious wheeled vehicle LARC-Vs with Humvee

3rd Naval Helicopter Sqn. (Bell UH-1H, now in reserve status) was usually attached to the Fleet Marine Force.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Videos from Ops: Intercambio Sur, Anfibio, UNITAS, etc
  2. (Video Haiti), YouTube
  3. Armada Argentina - Sitio Oficial
  4. Youtube video
  5. Infodefensa.com
  6. La Infantería de Marina adquirió armamento antitanque descartable

External linksEdit

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