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Armies have military rank systems that are often used by other military services such as air forces or marines.

NATO rank codesEdit

To aid in the comparison of ranks in the armed forces of different countries, NATO rank codes are used. These are established codes for determining the seniority of officer and other ranks in NATO countries for a particular joint task group or command structure, although specific appointments designate a higher level of seniority over other equivalent rank codes in a given situation. Officer ranks go from OF-1 (applying to all subaltern officers below captain) up to OF-10; OF(D) being a special category for trainee officers awaiting a commission. Other Ranks (those considered enlisted men in the United States forces) are classified from OR-1 to OR-9. Warrant Officers in the United States forces are a special case as they are single track career specialists between the enlisted and officer ranks in terms of seniority, and have no NATO rank code. The system should not be confused with the pay grades used in the US military. While countries outside the NATO command structure do not strictly fall into this classification structure and there may be incidences of overlap (particularly in OR ranks between countries), the codes still provide a useful gauge in determining what ranks are broadly equivalent.

General officersEdit

These are the highest ranks. Promotion to OF-10 rank is now rare and usually reserved for wartime.

Note that there is doubt about rank equivalency in countries that have no brigadier-generals but both colonel-generals and full generals, such as the German Empire and Russia - often it is considered that in these countries a colonel-general equates to an OF-9 rank, a general to OF-8, a lieutenant-general to OF-7, and a major-general to OF-6 (i.e. the ranks below colonel-general all move down one grade).

Country OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6
Albania   Gjenerallejtnant Gjeneralmajor Gjeneralbrigad
Argentina   Teniente General   General de División General de Brigada
Austria   General Generalleutnant Generalmajor Brigadier
Azerbaijan     General-Polkovnik General-Leytenant General-Mayor
Belarus     General-polkovnik General-leytenant General-mayor
Belgium¹   Général
Generaal
Lieutenant-général
Luitenant-generaal
Général-major
Generaal-majoor
Général de Brigade
Brigadegeneraal
Bosnia General Armije
General of the Armies
General
General
General-pukovnik
Lieutenant-general
General-major
Major-general
Brigadni General
Brigadier-general
Brazil Marechal General de exército General de divisão General de brigada  
Canada²   General
général
Lieutenant-General
Lieutenant-général
Major-General
major-général
Brigadier-General
brigadier-général
Chile Capitan General General de Ejército General de División General de Brigada Brigadier
China (Modern) Yi Ji Shang Jiang 一級上將 (Rank existed only 1988-1994; never held) Shang Jiang 上将 Zhong Jiang 中将 Shao Jiang 少将 Da Xiao 大校
China 1950s Da Jiang 大将 (also exists a ranks levels above: Yuan Shuai 元帅 and Da Yuan Shuai 大元帅) Shang Jiang 上将 Zhong Jiang 中将 Shao Jiang 少将 Da Xiao 大校
Croatia Stožerni general General zbora General pukovnik General bojnik Brigadni general
Egypt Musheer مشير Fariq Awwal (فريق أول) Fariq (فريق) Liwa (لواء) Amid (عميد)
Finland3 Sotamarsalkka
Fältmarskalk
Kenraali
General
Kenraaliluutnantti
Generallöjtnant
Kenraalimajuri
Generalmajor
Prikaatikenraali
Brigadgeneral
France Maréchal de France Général d'Armée Général de Corps d'Armée Général de Division Général de Brigade
Georgia armiis generali (არმიის გენერალი / Army General) general-leitenanti (გენერალ-ლეიტენანტი / Lieutenant General) general-maiori (გენერალ-მაიორი / Major General) brigadis generali (ბრიგადის გენერალი / Brigadier General)
Germany (modern)   General Generalleutnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral
German Empire Generalfeldmarschall Generaloberst General der Infanterie (Kavallerie, Artillerie, etc.) Generalleutnant (until 1899, Generallieutenant) Generalmajor
Nazi Germany
(Wehrmacht rank)
Reichsmarschall des Großdeutschen Reiches

Generalfeldmarschall

Generaloberst General der Infanterie (Panzertruppen, Flieger, Artillerie, etc.) Generalleutnant Generalmajor
Nazi Germany
(SS rank)
Reichsführer-SS Oberstgruppenführer Obergruppenführer Gruppenführer Brigadeführer
Greece   Strategos (Στρατηγός / General) Antistrategos (Αντιστράτηγος / Lieutenant General) Hypostrategos (Υποστράτηγος / Major General) Taxiarkhos (Ταξίαρχος / Brigadier General)
Hungary (tábornagy) Vezérezredes Altábornagy Vezérőrnagy Dandártábornok
India Field Marshal General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier
Indonesia Jenderal Besar Jenderal Letnan Jenderal Mayor Jenderal Brigadir Jenderal
Israel     Rav-aluf (רב-אלוף) Aluf (אלוף) Tat-aluf (תת-אלוף)
Italy (since 2002)   Generale Generale di Corpo d'Armata Generale di Divisione Generale di Brigata
Italy (1923–1946) Maresciallo d'Italia Generale (design.) d'Armata Generale di Corpo d'Armata Generale di Divisione Generale di Brigata
Italy (MVSN) Comandante Generale Comandante     Console Generale
Japan (Imperial Japanese Army) Gensui 元帥 Taishō 大将 Chūjō 中将 Shōshō 少将
Japan (Japan Self-Defense Forces)   Rikujō Bakuryōchō 陸上幕僚長 Rikushō 陸将 Rikushōho 陸将補  
Jordan4 Musheer (Field Marshal) Fariq Awwal (General) Fariq (Lieutenant General) Liwa'a (Major General) A'mid (Brigadier General)
Latvia     Ģenerālleitnants Ģenerālmajors Brigādes ģenerālis
Lebanon 'Imād (General) Liwā' (Major General) 'Ameed (Brigadier General)
Lithuania     Generolas leitenantas Generolas majoras Brigados generolas
Republic of Macedonia   Генерал Генерал Потполковник Генерал Мајор Бригаден Генерал
Malaysia Marshal Darat Jeneral Leftenan Jeneral Mejar Jeneral Brigedier Jeneral
Mexico Comandante Supremo de Las Fuerzas Armadas General Secretario de La Defensa Nacional General de División General de Brigada General Brigadier
Mongolia Маршал Генерал Дэслэгч генерал Хошууч генерал Бригадын генерал
Netherlands Veldmaarschalk Generaal Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Brigade-generaal
New Zealand     Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier
Nigeria Field Marshal General Lieutenant-General Major-General Brigadier
North Korea Daewŏnsu

Konghwagukwŏnsu


Inmingunwŏnsu

Chasu

Daejang

Sangjang Jungjang Sojang
Norway   General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader
Pakistan Field Marshal General Lieutenant-General Major-General Brigadier
Republic of the Philippines Field Marshal (obsolete) General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General
Poland Marszałek Polski Generał Generał broni Generał dywizji Generał brygady
Portugal (since 1999) Marechal General Tenente-general Major-general Brigadeiro-general
Portugal (1929–1999) Marechal General Brigadeiro
Romania Mareșal General General-locotenent General-maior General de brigadă
Russian Federation Marshal of the Russian Federation General of the Army
Colonel-General
Lieutenant-General Major-General -
Russian Empire General-feldmarshal General ot infanterii (kavalerii, artilerii) General-leytenant General-mayor Brigadir (until 1798)
Saudi Arabia Fariq Awwal (فريق أول) Fariq (فريق) Liwa (لواء) Amid (عميد)
Serbia General General-potpukovnik General-major Brigadni-General
Singapore     Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General
South Africa   General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General
South Korea Wonsu (원수) Daejang (대장) Jungjang (중장) Sojang (소장) Junjang (준장)
Soviet Union Generalissimus of the Soviet Union and Marshal of the Soviet Union General of the army
Chief Marshals of branches, Marshals of Branches
Colonel-General
Lieutenant-General -Major-General -
Spain Capitán General General de Ejército Teniente General General de división General de Brigada
Sri Lanka   General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier
Sweden Fältmarskalk General Generallöjtnant Generalmajor Brigadgeneral5
Switzerland   General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General
Taiwan (Republic of China) Teji-shangjiang 特級上將 Yiji-Shangjiang 一級上將
Erji-Shangjiang 二級上將
Zhongjiang 中將 Shaojiang 少將 -
Thailand Chom Phon (Field Marshal) Phon Ek (General) Phon Tho (Lt Gen) Phon Tri (Maj Gen) Nai Phan (Senior Col)
Turkey Mareşal Orgeneral Korgeneral Tümgeneral Tuğgeneral
Ukraine - Генерал армії України (Heneral armiï Ukraïny)
Генерал-полковник (Heneral - polkovnyk)
Генерал-лейтенант (Heneral - ley̆tenant) Генерал-майор (Heneral - may̆or) -
United Kingdom Field Marshal General Lieutenant-General Major-General Brigadier
United States General of the Armies
General of the Army
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General
Vietnam   Đại Tướng (General)
Thượng tướng (Colonel General)
Trung Tướng (Lieutenant General) Thiếu Tướng (Major General) Đại tá ( Senior Colonel or Colonel 1st class)
Country OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6

Field and company officersEdit

Country OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
Albania Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten Toger Nëntoger  
Argentina Coronel Teniente Coronel Mayor Capitán Teniente Primero Teniente Subteniente
Austria Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Hauptmann Oberleutnant Leutnant  
Azerbaijan Polkovnik Polkovnik-leytenant Mayor Kapitan Bash Leytenant Leytenant Kichik Leytenant
Belarus Polkovnik Podpolkovnik Mayor Kapitan Starshiy leytenant Leytenant Mladshiy Leytenant
Belgium¹ Colonel
Kolonel
Lieutenant-colonel
Luitenant-kolonel
Major
Majoor

Capitaine-commandant
Kapitein-commandant

Capitaine
Kapitein
Lieutenant
Luitenant
Sous-lieutenant
Onderluitenant
 
Brazil Coronel Tenente-coronel Major Capitão 1º Tenente 2º Tenente Aspirante an oficial
Canada² Colonel
colonel
Lieutenant-Colonel
lieutenant-colonel
Major
major
Captain
capitaine
Lieutenant
lieutenant
Second Lieutenant
sous-lieutenant
Officer Cadet;
Chile Coronel Teniente Coronel Mayor Capitan Teniente Subteniente Alferez
China Shang Xiao 上校 Zhong Xiao 中校 Shao Xiao 少校 Shang Wei 上尉 Zhong Wei 中尉 Shao Wei 少尉  
China 1950s Shang Xiao 上校 Zhong Xiao 中校 Shao Xiao 少校 Shang Wei 上尉, Also exists one rank above: Da Wei 大尉 Zhong Wei 中尉 Shao Wei 少尉 Zhun Wei 准尉
Croatia Brigadir Pukovnik Bojnik Satnik Nadporučnik Poručnik  
Denmark Oberst Oberstløjtnant Major Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant  
Egypt Aqid عقيد Mokadem مقدم Ra'ed رائد Naqeeb نقيب Molazem Awal ملازم اول Molazem Thani ملازم ثاني  
Finland3 Eversti
Överste
Everstiluutnantti
Överstelöjtnant
Majuri
Major
Kapteeni
Kapten
Yliluutnantti
Premiärlöjtnant

Luutnantti
Löjtnant

Vänrikki
Fänrik
 
France Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-Lieutenant Aspirant;
Georgia polkovniki (პოლკოვნიკი / Colonel) vitse-polkovniki (ვიცე-პოლკოვნიკი / Lieutenant-Colonel) maiori (მაიორი / Major) kapitani (კაპიტანი / Captain) ufrosi leitenanti (უფროსი ლეიტენანტი / Senior Lieutenant) leitenanti (ლეიტენანტი / Lieutenant)
Germany (modern) Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Stabshauptmann

Hauptmann

Oberleutnant Leutnant  
German Empire Oberst Oberstleutnant (until 1899, Oberstlieutenant) Major Hauptmann/Rittmeister Oberleutnant (until 1899, Premierlieutenant) Leutnant (until 1899, Sekondelieutenant or Secondlieutenant)  
Nazi Germany
(Wehrmacht rank)
Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Hauptmann/Rittmeister Oberleutnant Leutnant  
Nazi Germany
(SS rank)
Oberführer

Standartenführer

Obersturmbannführer Sturmbannführer Hauptsturmführer Obersturmführer Untersturmführer  
Greece Syntagmatarkhes (Συνταγματάρχης / Colonel) Antisyntagmatarkhes (Αντισυνταγματάρχης / Lieutenant-Colonel) Tagmatarkhes (Ταγματάρχης / Major) Lokhagos (Λοχαγός / Captain) Hypolokhagos (Υπολοχαγός / Lieutenant) Anthypolokhagos (Ανθυπολοχαγός / Second Lieutenant)  
Hungary Ezredes Alezredes Őrnagy Százados Főhadnagy Hadnagy  
India Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant    
Indonesia Kolonel Letnan Kolonel Mayor Kapten Letnan Satu Letnan Dua  
Israel Aluf mishne Sgan aluf Rav seren Seren Segen Segen mishne  
Italy Colonello comandante di corpo

Colonnello

Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Primo Capitano

Capitano

Primo Tenente

Tenente

Sottotenente  
Italy (MVSN) Console Primo Seniore Seniore Centurione Capomanipolo Sottocapomanipolo  
Japan (Imperial Japanese Army) Taisa 大佐 Chūsa 中佐 Shōsa 少佐 Taii 大尉 Chūi 中尉 Shōi 少尉  
Japan (Japan Self-Defense Forces) Ittō Rikusa (Issa)
一等陸佐(一佐)
Nitō Rikusa (Nisa)
二等陸佐(二佐)
Santō Rikusa (Sansa)
三等陸佐(三佐)
Ittō Rikui (Ichii)
一等陸尉(一尉)
Nitō Rikui (Nii)
二等陸尉(二尉)
Santō Rikui (San'i)
三等陸尉(三尉)
 
Jordan4 A'qid (Colonel) Muqaddam (Lieutenant Colonel) Ra'id (Major) Naqib (Captain) Mulazem Awwal (1st Lieutenant) Mulazem (Thani) (2nd Lieutenant)  
Latvia Pulkvedis Pulkvežleitnants Majors Kapteinis Virsleitnants Leitnants  
Lebanon 'Aqeed (Colonel) Muqaddam (Lieutenant Colonel) Rā'id (Major) Naqeeb (Captain) Mulāzim 'Awwal (First Lieutenant) Mulāzim (Lieutenant)  
Lithuania Pulkininkas Pulkininkas leitenantas Majoras Kapitonas Vyresnysis leitenantas Leitenantas  
Republic of Macedonia Полковник Потполковник Мајор Капетан Поручник Потпоручник  
Malaysia Kolonel Leftenan Kolonel Mejar Kapten Leftenan Leftenan Muda  
Mexico Coronel Teniente Coronel Mayor Capitan Primero Capitan Segundo Teniente Subteniente
Mongolia Хурандаа Дэд хурандаа Хошууч Ахмад Ахлах дэслэгч Дэслэгч -
Netherlands Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel/
Overste
Majoor Kapitein
(cavalry: Ritmeester)
Eerste luitenant Tweede luitenant  
New Zealand Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant  
North Korea Daejwa

Sangjwa

Jungjwa Sojwa Daewi

Sangwi

Jungwi Sowi  
Norway Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein
(cavalry: Rittmester)
Løytnant Fenrik  
Pakistan Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant  
Republic of the Philippines Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain 1st Lieutenant 2nd Lieutenant  
Poland Pułkownik Podpułkownik Major Kapitan Porucznik Podporucznik  
Portugal Coronel Tenente-coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante an oficial
Romania Colonel Locotenent-colonel Maior Căpitan Locotenent Sublocotenent  
Russian Empire Polkovnik Podpolkovnik Mayor (until 1884)
Kapitan
Shtabs-Kapitan Poruchik Podporuchik Praporshchik
Russian Federation Polkovnik Podpolkovnik Mayor Kapitan Starshiy leytenant Leytenant Mladshiy Leytenant
Saudi Arabia Aqid (عقيد) Muqaddam (مقدم) Raid (رائد) Naqib (نقيب) Mulazim Awwal (ملازم أول) Mulazim (ملازم)  
Serbia Pukovnik Podpukovnik Major Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik  
Singapore Colonel Senior Lieutenant-Colonel
Lieutenant-Colonel
Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant  
South Africa Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant  
South Korea Daeryeong (대령) Jungryeong (중령) Soryeong (소령) Daewi (대위) Jungwi (중위) Sowi (소위)  
Spain Coronel Teniente coronel Comandante Capitán Teniente Alférez  
Sweden Överste 1. graden6

Överste

Överstelöjtnant Major Kapten Löjtnant Fänrik  
Switzerland Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant  
Taiwan (Republic of China) Shangxiao 上校 Zhongxiao 中校 Shaoxiao 少校 Shangwei 上尉 Zhongwei 中尉 Shaowei 少尉 Zhunwei 准尉
Thailand Phan Ek (Colonel) Phan Tho (Lt. Col) Phan Tri (Major) Roi Ek (Captain) Roi Tho (Lieutenant) Roi Tri (Sub-Lieutenant)  
Turkey Albay Yarbay Binbaşı Yüzbaşı Üsteğmen Teğmen Asteğmen
Ukraine Полковник (Polkovnyk) Пидполковник (Pidpolkovnik) Майор (May̆or) Капитан (Kapitan) Старший лейтенант (Starshyy̆ ley̆tenant) Лейтенант (Ley̆tenant) Молодший лейтенант (Molodshyy̆ ley̆tenant)
United Kingdom Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant  
United States of America Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain 1st Lieutenant 2nd Lieutenant  
Vietnam Thượng Tá ( Colonel or senior Lieutenant-Colonel) Trung Tá (Lieutenant Colonel) Thiếu Tá (Major) Đại Uý (Captian )

Thượng Uý ( Senior Lieutenant)

Trung Uý (Lieutenant) Thiếu Uý (Sub-Lieutenant)  
Country OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1

¹ Belgium has three official languages, French, Dutch and German.
² Canada has two official languages, English and French.
³ Finland has two official languages, Finnish and Swedish.
4Jordan recognizes the English titles listed above as official.
5 Introduced on 1 July 2000, when promotions to the rank of Överste 1. graden ceased.
6 Promotions to the rank of Överste 1. graden ceased on 1 July 2000, when the new junior general officer rank of Brigadgeneral was introduced.

See alsoEdit

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