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Battle of Jenipapo


Battle of Itaparica

Battle of Pirajá

Brazilian War of Independence


November 8, 1822


Bahia, Brazil


Brazilian victory


Empire of Brazil

Kingdom of Portugal


Pedro Labatut

Inácio Luís Madeira de Melo





268 killed

360 killed

The Battle of Pirajá was a battle that occurred during the Brazilian War of Independence, on the province (now state) of Bahia on November 8, 1822.

It was a deisive battle between the peacemaker army and the Portuguese forces. The Brazilian victory consolidated the defeat of the Portuguese in both military and political terms. Such factors would contribute to the independence of Bahia on July 2, 1822, and later, the independence of the whole Brazil in Setember 7 of the same year.

The commander of the Portuguese forces in Bahia was Inácio Luís Madeira de Melo, sent by Portugal to suppress the rumours of independence and the politico-administrative dissidence. The French general Pedro Labout was named by the prince-regent Dom Pedro I, in July 3, 1822, as commander of the peacemaker army, that would assume the command of the Brazilian forces that would battle the of forces of Madeira de Melo, at Bahia.

A curious fact about this battle is a narrative told by Tobias Monteiro in his book "A elaboração da independência" (the elaboration of the independence) about an episode where Major Barros Falcão, that commanded the Brazilian troops at certain point of the battle, gave the order of retreat, but the trumpeter Luís Lopes, by his own, made the sound to "Cavalry, advance and behead". The Portuguese, frightened by such movement (that was impossible, as the Brazilians didn't had cavalry at that battle), panicked and retreated, giving the momentum to the Brazilian troops, that attacked with renewed morale and won the battle.

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