|Died||August 5, 1880(aged 37)|
|Place of birth||Württemberg, Germany|
|Place of death||Hot Springs, Arkansas, United States|
|Place of burial||Hollywood Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||c. 1869–1870|
|Unit||8th U.S. Cavalry|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Private Christian Steiner (1843 – August 5, 1880) was a German-born American soldier in the U.S. Army who served as a saddler with the 8th U.S. Cavalry during the Apache Wars in the Arizona Territory. He was one of thirty-two men awarded the Medal of Honor for gallantry battling against Cochise and the Apache Indians in the Chiricahua Mountains on October 20, 1869.
Christian Steiner was born in Württemberg, Germany in 1843. He later emigrated to the United States and settled in St. Louis, Missouri, amid a growing German-American population, and eventually enlisted in the United States Army in the mid-1860s. As a saddler in Company G of the 8th U.S. Cavalry Regiment, he was assigned to frontier duty and took part in the southwest military campaigns against the Plains Indians.
Steiner was stationed in the Arizona Territory during the Apache Wars. He was among the sixty-one cavalry troopers from the 1st and 8th Cavalry Regiment who, on October 5, 1868, pursued an Apache raiding party under Cochise following attacks on a stage coach en route to Tucson and a group of cowboys in the Sulphur Springs Valley. Leaving Fort Bowie, he followed Lt. William H. Winters and Capt. Reuben Bernard in a fifteen-day pursuit of Cochise's band, who had fled to the Apache stronghold in the Chiricahua Mountains (between Red Rock and Turtle Mountain), before finally catching up to them on October 20. In what was one of the major battles of the Apache campaign, famously called the "Campaign of the Rocky Mesa", Steiner was among the thirty-two soldiers cited for "gallantry in action" and officially awarded the Medal of Honor on February 14, 1870. He died on August 5, 1880, at the age of 37, and buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Hot Springs, Arkansas.
Medal of Honor citationEdit
Rank and organization: Saddler, Company G, 8th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Chiricahua Mountains, Ariz., 20 October 1869. Entered service at: --. Birth: Germany. Date of issue: 14 February 1870.
Gallantry in action.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Beyer, Walter F. and Oscar Frederick Keydel, ed. Deeds of Valor: From Records in the Archives of the United States Government; how American Heroes Won the Medal of Honor; History of Our Recent Wars and Explorations, from Personal Reminiscences and Records of Officers and Enlisted Men who Were Rewarded by Congress for Most Conspicuous Acts of Bravery on the Battle-field, on the High Seas and in Arctic Explorations. Vol. 2. Detroit: Perrien-Keydel Company, 1906. (pg. 553)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Senate Committee on Veterans Affairs. Medal of Honor recipients, 1863-1973, 93rd Cong., 1st sess. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1973. (pg. 324)
- ↑ Manning, Robert, ed. Above and Beyond: A History of the Medal of Honor from the Civil War to Vietnam. Boston: Boston Publishing Company, 1985. (pg. 327) ISBN 0-939526-19-0
- ↑ Hannings, Bud. A Portrait of the Stars and Stripes. Glenside, Pennsylvania: Seniram Publishing, 1988. (pg. 400) ISBN 0-922564-00-0
- ↑ O'Neal, Bill. Fighting Men of the Indian Wars: A Biographical Encyclopedia of the Mountain Men, Soldiers, Cowboys, and Pioneers Who Took Up Arms During America's Westward Expansion. Stillwater, Oklahoma: Barbed Wire Press, 1991. (pg. 26) ISBN 0-935269-07-X
- ↑ Yenne, Bill. Indian Wars: The Campaign for the American West. Yardley, Pennsylvania: Westholme Publishing, 2006. (pg. 141) ISBN 1-59416-016-3
- ↑ Nunnally, Michael L. American Indian Wars: A Chronology of Confrontations Between Native Peoples and Settlers and the United States Military, 1500s-1901. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2007. (pg. ) ISBN 0-7864-2936-4
- ↑ Sterner, C. Douglas (1999). "MOH Citation for Christian Steiner". MOH Recipients: Indian Campaigns. HomeofHeroes.com. http://www.homeofheroes.com/moh/citations_1865_ind/steiner.html. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- ↑ Army Times Publishing Company. "Military Times Hall of Valor: Christian Steiner". Awards and Citations: Medal of Honor. MilitaryTimes.com. http://militarytimes.com/citations-medals-awards/recipient.php?recipientid=489. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- ↑ "Medal of Honor recipients". Indian War Campaigns. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/indianwars.html. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- Wilson, D. Ray. Terror on the Plains: A Clash of Cultures. Dundee, Illinois: Crossroads Communications, 1999. ISBN 0-916445-47-X
- Christian Steiner at Find a Grave Retrieved on December 29, 2010
- Indian War Campaigns Medal of Honor Recipients for the United States Army at Army Knowledge Online
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