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Dominican Air Force
Country Dominican Republic
Branch Air Force
Service history
Active February 15, 1948 - present
Size 5,498 personnel, 43 aircraft
Battles Dominican Civil War
Commanders
Commanders Maj. Gen. Hernadez HernandezFrank Féliz Miranda
Insignia
Insignia Roundel of the Dominican Republic Roundel of the Dominican Republic - Low Visibility

The Air Force of the Dominican Republic or Fuerza Aérea de Republica Dominicana, is one of the three branches of the Military of the Dominican Republic, together with the Army and the Navy.

HistoryEdit

In 1932 the El Arma de Aviación del Ejército Nacional was formed as part of the Dominican Army. Until 1942 only about a dozen aircraft were purchased. The service was renamed Compañia de Aviación del Ejército Nacional on October 26, 1942. Whilst granting base facilities to the United States during World War II the Dominican Republic received limited quantities of Lend-Lease military equipment. In 1947 a group of Dominican Republic exiles from Cuba tried to invade the country. The government wanted to receive large quantities of bombers and fighters aircraft from the United States, but the government blocked these sales and prevented sales of the Canadian government to President Trujillo. But agents of the president managed to buy some Beaufighter and Mosquito aircraft from the United Kingdom. After signing the Rio Treaty 1947 the Dominican Republic received large quantities of aircraft, for example 25 P-47D fighter-bomber and 30 AT-6disambiguation needed trainers from the United States. With this influx of aircraft the Compañia de Aviación expanded and became an independent service on January 15, 1948, and was renamed Cuerpo de Aviación Militar Dominicana. It moved its headquarters to Base Aérea Presidente Trujillo, in the capital's suburb of San Isidro.

File:A-29B Super Tucano on Patrol over the skies of the Dominican.jpeg

The Air Force underwent several name changes during the 1950s, being known as the Dominican Military Aviation during 1952-55 and 1957–62 and as the Dominican Air Force during 1955-57. In 1962 it again became known as the Dominican Air Force, the name is still in use today.

In 1952, 25 Vampires and 32 North American P-51D were bought from Sweden but similar purchases from Canada and Japan were again blocked by the United States. By 1956 the Fuerza Aérea Dominicana had about 240 aircraft. During the next years most of the post-war equipment was at the end of its useful life. After the assassination of President Trujillo in 1961 funds for the Air Force decreased and in 1963 the Air Force had only 110 aircraft.

During the next 15 years the number of aircraft in the Air Force declined again and only second-line material, such as training aircraft or helicopters, were acquired. In the early 1980s the Fuerza Aérea Dominicana had about 80 aircraft in five operational squadrons with most of the aircraft and helicopters operating out of San Isidro Air Base in Santo Domingo.

On the 22nd of September 1998 Hurricane George struck San Isidro the main FAD base and destroyed one hangar and severely damaged another, destroying the aircraft in both hangars. The natural disaster saw the FAD new aircraft enter service such as eight ENAER T-35 Pilláns that were delivered in two batches, the first in November 1999 and the second in January 2000. During the same period three CASA 212-400 transport planes were ordered.

Air BasesEdit

Aircraft inventoryEdit

The Air Force operates 44 aircraft, including 27 helicopters.

The Dominican Air Force was offered 3 Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King helicopters by its U.S allies, but turned the offer down due to that it could not afford the maintenance. In 2007 the Dominican Air Force announced that it will purchase 8 Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano aircraft from Brazil. By the end of 2008 the purchase was approved and the first two aircraft were delivered in 2009. The Dominican Air force recently acquired a EL/M-2106NG - Air Defense Search Radar - ADSR.

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[1] Notes
Bell UH-1 Iroquois United States utility helicopter UH-1H
UH-1H Huey II
3
8
Bell OH-58 Kiowa United States scout helicopter OH-58A 10 2 Ex-MdG 0601 & 0602 were transferred to the Air Force
Bell 430 United States utility helicopter 1 on loan for Presidential Transport
CASA C-212 Aviocar Flag of Spain.svg Spain transport C-212-400 3
Embraer Super Tucano Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil attack, trainer AT-29B 8
ENAER Pillán Flag of Chile.svg Chile trainer T-35B 5 One lost on 7 April 2013.[2]
Eurocopter Dauphin Flag of France.svg France utility helicopter AS 365N1 1 Presidential Transport
Hughes H-6 Cayuse United States scout helicopter OH-6A 1
Schweizer 333 United States utility helicopter 3
Aero Commander 500 United States VIP Division 1

Old Aircraft inventoryEdit

DH.98 Mosquito FB.6 301 Dominica RWY 07.48 edited-2

Dominican AF De Havilland Mosquito FB.6

Aircraft Origin Type Versions Quantity Service[3]
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress United States Bomber B-17G 2 1947–1958
Beaufighter Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Bomber TF.X 10 1948–1954
De Havilland Mosquito Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Bomber FB.VI 5 1948–1954
North American B-25 Mitchell United States Bomber B-25C/H/G/J 5 1950–1967
Lockheed P-38 Lightning United States Heavy Fighter 11 1947–1950
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt United States Fighter P-47D 25 1947–1957
De Havilland Vampire Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Fighter 25 F1
17 FB.50
42 1952–1974
North American P-51 Mustang United States Fighter P-51D 50 1948–1984
A-37 Dragonfly United States Light attack A-37B 8 1982–2001
North American T-6 Texan United States Trainer 68 1943–1995
Vultee BT-13 Valiant United States Trainer B-13A 25 1943–1954
Boeing-Stearman Model 75 United States Trainer PT-13/17 25 1943–1954
Cessna AT-17 United States Trainer T-50 4 1950–1952
Beechcraft T-34 Mentor United States Trainer T-34B -1982
North American T-28 Trojan United States Trainer T-28A/B -1982
Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star United States Trainer AT-33A -1982
Cessna O-2 Skymaster United States Obersvartion O-2A 5 -1997
Douglas C-47 Skytrain United States Transport -1982
Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando United States Transport -1982
Douglas A-26 Invader United States Bomber
Consolidated PBY Catalina United States Flying boat PBY-5A 7 1946–1957

ReferencesEdit

  1. Dominican military aviation OrBat
  2. Air Forces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. May 2013. pp. 30. 
  3. [1]
  • PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  from the CIA World Factbook document "2003 edition".
  • World Aircraft information files Brightstar publishing London File 342 Sheet 1

External linksEdit

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