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Edward John McClernand
Edward John McClernand.png
Edward John McClernand as a West Point Cadet
Born (1848-12-29)December 29, 1848
Died February 9, 1936(1936-02-09) (aged 87)
Place of birth Jacksonville, Illinois
Place of death Easton, Pennsylvania
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1870 – 1912
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Indian Wars
Spanish-American War
Philippine-American War
Awards Medal of Honor

Edward John McClernand (December 29, 1848 – February 9, 1936) was a United States Army Brigadier General who was a recipient of the Medal of Honor for valor in action near the Bear Paw Mountains, Montana on September 30, 1877. An 1870 graduate of West Point, his career spanned 42 years, as he served in the Army until his retirement on December 29, 1912.

Early life and the western frontierEdit

Edward John McClernand was born in Jacksonville, Illinois, on December 29, 1848. He spent his early school years in Jacksonville and Springfield before graduating from West Point in 1870.[1] His first assignment was to Ft. Ellis, Montana with the 2nd U.S. Cavalry in 1870, beginning nearly nearly 30 years in various assignments primarily in the American West. His actions at Bear Paw Mountain, Montana on September 30, 1877, resulted in his being received the Medal of Honor on November 27, 1894.[2] He returned to the east coast in 1879 as a Tactical Officer at West Point, returning to the frontier with assignments in Montana, California, and Washington starting in 1883.[1]

Medal of Honor citationEdit

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont., 30 September 1877. Entered service at: Springfield, Illinois. Birth: Jacksonville, Illinois. Date of issue: 27 November 1894.

Citation:

"Gallantly attacked a band of hostiles and conducted the combat with excellent skill and boldness."[3]

Later careerEdit

McClernand fought in the Spanish-American War, serving in the Santiago campaign. He later saw service in the Philippine Insurrection. He was promoted to Brigadier General shortly before he retired from active service on December 29, 1912. He lived in Easton, Pennsylvania, where he wrote "With the Indians and the Buffalo in Montana," for the Cavalry Journal in 1925. He died on February 9, 1926 and was buried in Section 3, Lot 1931-SW of Arlington National Cemetery.[2][4]

Personal lifeEdit

Edward John McClernand's father was Major General John Alexander McClernand, commander of the XIII Army Corps in the Civil War. His mother was Mrs. Sarah Dunlap McClernand. He married Ms. Sarah Pomp (1857 – 1926) who is buried along with him at Arlington.

ReferencesEdit

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.

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