|Eugene P. Smith|
|Born||August 8, 1871|
|Died||March 24, 1918(aged 46)|
|Place of birth||Truney, Illinois|
|Place of burial||Cypress Hills National Cemetery, New York City|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Unit||USS Decatur (DD-5)|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Smith joined the Navy from California and by September 9, 1915, was serving as a Chief Watertender on the USS Decatur (DD-5). On that day, the Decatur suffered an explosion of unknown cause and four compartments, including the ship's magazine, were engulfed in flames. Despite heavy fumes of undetermined origin and the risk of further explosions, Smith and other sailors entered the compartments and rescued three gunner's mates. Smith was one of the first to enter the compartment in which the three men were trapped, and he returned "between five and eight times" while trying to locate them through the thick smoke. Finding one man, named Elkins, in the farthest corner of the chamber, Smith was partially overcome by the fumes and forced to retreat. After regaining his breath, he re-entered the compartment and saved Elkins. The commanding officer of the Decatur later stated that, of the crewmen, Smith "did most of all to save his shipmates." For these actions, he was awarded the Medal of Honor five months later, on February 8, 1916.
Medal of Honor citationEdit
Smith's official Medal of Honor citation reads:
Attached to U.S.S. Decatur; for several times entering compartments on board of Decatur immediately following an explosion on board that vessel, 9 September 1915, and locating and rescuing injured shipmates.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Medal of Honor recipients - Interim Awards, 1915-1916". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/interim1915-16.html. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- ↑ General Order No. 189: Award of Medal of Honor to Eugene P. Smith, Chief Water Tender, U.S. Navy. United States Navy. February 8, 1916. http://books.google.com/books?id=zYEtAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA7-PA189. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- ↑ "Eugene P. Smith (1871 - 1918)". Find a Grave. March 3, 2000. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=2598442. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- "Eugene P. Smith". Hall of Valor. Military Times. http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=837. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
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