The Eurofighter Typhoon is a multi-role strike fighter aircraft, which has recently entered service with the British Royal Air Force.
Built by Eurofighter GmbH (Alenia Aeronautica, BAE Systems and EADS), and managed by NETMA, the twin-engine multi-role canard-delta fighter is actually aerodynamically unstable, and totally relies on its quadruplex digital fly-by-wire control system to make the massive amount of minute adjustments necessary to keep it in the sky. No manual system could compensate for its instability, and so the pilot is actually electronically restricted to executing manoeuvres which are possible.
DescriptionEditThe Typhoon will be the new hunting trapping many European countries, starting with its builders, England, Italy, Spain, Germany. And has also been commissioned by Saudi Arabia and Austria. Typhoon will assume the position of several fighter aircraft, among them the Panavia Tornado IDS / F-3, F-4F Phantom German, Italian F104 Starfighter and Mirage F-1 Spanish, and it gives you an idea of the responsibility that this new fighter will have to carry on their backs. This plane suffered heavy political and financial obstacles during its development since its cell value is very salty and is around U.S. $ 120,000,000.00 per unit. But the storm has passed since this fighter came into service in six countries mentioned earlier. The Typhoon was designed for high maneuverability and high rate of power to do well in closed aerial combat, and is also equipped to overcome his enemies in combat beyond visual range (BVR), through its ECR-90 radar that is capable to attack four targets simultaneously with AIM-120 AMRAAM missiles or the new Meteor missile which has a range of +100 km. The ECR-90 has a maximum range of 370 km against large targets such as AWACS aircraft or 175 km against fighter-sized target. After all it is worth noting that the ECR-90 radar is scanning mechanically and radar today, but there is an Anglo-French program for the development of an active electronically scanned antenna (AESA) that will be used by the Typhoon and the French Rafale version in the future F-3. This new antenna is being developed within the program AMSAR, which will give a better ability to fight both fighters as an increased ability to engage multiple attack that could reach eight targets simultaneously. Besides the radar, is also installed a Pirate IRST system for passive detection and target designation for weapons, similar to those fitted on Russian fighters and rafale. This is an important detection system as it allows to detect any enemy with stealth technology that may arise. Furthermore, this system can be used in close combat by giving reference to the firing of missiles off boresight. The Pirate is integrated into the driver's helmet, as the Russian fighters, need only look at the target, select and fire the missile. In the closed air combat weapons that can be used by the Typhoon are the missiles AIM-9 L / M Sidewinder or new missile IRIS-T and Asrai capable of engaging targets that are 90 degrees from the tail of the enemy.The Typhoon is a multipurpose aircraft and weapons that carries air land as well. And among the more interesting weapons, the missile is brimstone, which is a missile-based air-ground Hellfire American and can be used against vehicles and fortified targets at a range of up to 12 km. Beyond that the Typhoon missile can be armed with anti-missile radar Alarm which are guided by radar waves of the enemy. The extent of the Alarm is 45 km. The brand new Storm Shadow cruise missile is another asset of the Typhoon. This missile has a warhead of 450 kg of high explosive (HE) to a range of 250 km. The internal armament is the powerful Typhoon Mauser BK-27 cannon, 27 mm, the same type as used in the JAS-39 Gripen fighter. This gun gets a rate of fire of about 1700 rounds per minute, and the Typhoon carries 150 shots.
The propulsion of the Typhoon is made by two engines Eurojet EJ-200, which is a maximum thrust of 9000 kgf, with afterburners, with buoyancy and 6000 kgf dry. This modern engine, its development was done in parallel with development of the Typhoon. When the first prototype of the Typhoon was ready, the engines had not yet been delivered, over the same turbine being installed in this prototype of the Tornados, the RB-199, to begin testing. The Typhoon represents a breakthrough in air combat ability of European countries, and most importantly is that this is a European solution to a need in Europe. Europe has been highly dependent on weapons systems of North America which ends up resulting in solutions, not always ideal for the needs of defense, and that the influence of U.S. policy in the manner they have been after War, has raised questions increasingly serious by the authorities of the old continent.
- [[Luftwaffe|Luftwaffe]] - 37, 140 on order
- Italian Air Force - 42, 96 on order
- Saudi Arabia
- Royal Saudi Air Force - 6, 72 on order, a further 72 could be ordered, total 144.
- Spanish Air Force - 24, 87 on order and 12 optional, total 103.
- 111 and 112 Operational Squadrons
- 113 Squadron, OCU Tactical pilot training and evaluation
- United Kingdom
- Royal Air Force - 62, Confirmed order of 160 airframes, additional 72 as of yet uncommited, total 232.
- Crew: 1 (operational aircraft) or 2 (training aircraft)
- Length: 15.96 m (52 ft 5 in)
- Wingspan: 10.95 m (35 ft 11 in)
- Height: 5.28 m (17 ft 4 in)
- Wing area: 51.2 m2 (551 ft2)
- Empty weight: 11,000 kg (24,250 lb)
- Loaded weight: 16,000 kg (35,300 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 23,500 kg (51,800 lb)
- Powerplant: 2× Eurojet EJ200 afterburning turbofan
- Dry thrust: 60 kN (13,500 lbf) each
- Thrust with afterburner: 90 kN (20,250 lbf) each
- Maximum speed:
- At altitude: Mach 2 (2,495 km/h, 1,550 mph)
- At sea level: Mach 1.2 (1,470 km/h / 913.2 mph)
- Supercruise: Mach 1.1–1.5
- Range: 2,900 km (1,802 mi)
- Combat radius:
- Ground attack, lo-lo-lo: 601 km (325 nmi)
- Ground attack, hi-lo-hi: 1,389 km (750 nmi)
- Air defence with 3-hr CAP: 185 km (100 nmi)
- Air defence with 10-min loiter: 1,389 km (863 nmi)
- Ferry range: 3,790 km (2,300 mi)
- Service ceiling: 19,810 m (65,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: >315 m/s (62,000 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 312 kg/m2 (64.0 lb/ft2)
- Thrust/weight: 1.15
- Guns: 1 × 27 mm Mauser BK-27 cannon with 150 rounds
- Hardpoints: Total of 13: 8 × under-wing plus 5 × under-fuselage pylon stations holding up to 7,500 kg (16,500 lb) of payload:
- Bombs: Paveway II/III/Enhanced Paveway series of Laser-guided bombs (LGBs), Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM), HOPE/HOSBO
- Euroradar CAPTOR Radar
- Passive Infra-Red Airborne Tracking Equipment (PIRATE)
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