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Fiat M14/41
Warsaw Uprising - Small PASTa - 9
Destroyed Fiat M14/41 used by Germans during the Warsaw Uprising.
Type Medium tank
Place of origin Italy
Service history
Used by Italy Italy
Flag of Australia.svg Australia
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Wars World War II
Production history
Manufacturer Fiat
Number built 1800
Specifications
Weight 14 tonnes
Length 4.92 m
Width 2.20 m (7.21 ft)
Height 2.38 m
Crew 4

Armor 6-42 mm
Primary
armament
47 mm gun
Secondary
armament
2 X Modello 38 8mm machine guns (one coaxial, one anti-aircraft)
Engine SPA 15-TM-40 eight cylinder gasoline engine
125 hp (114.84 kW)
Suspension vertical volute spring
Operational
range
200 km (124 mi)
Speed 32 km/h (22 mph)


The Fiat M14/41 was a four person Italian tank that served from 1941 in the Italian Army. According to the Italian designation system at the time it was a medium tank, however the M14/41 is more comparable in weight to the light tanks of other nations. The official Italian designation was Carro Armato M 14/41. This designation includes the designation ("armored tank"), the tank classification ("M" for medium tank), the weight in tonnes (14), and the year of adoption (1941).

DevelopmentEdit

The M14/41 was a slightly improved version of the earlier Fiat M13/40 with a more powerful diesel engine. It was produced in limited numbers as it was considered already obsolete by the time of its introduction. The M14/41 used the same chassis as the M13/40 but with a redesigned hull with better armor. The M14/41 was manufactured in 1941 and 1942. Nearly 800 were produced by the time production ended.

In combatEdit

Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-568-1536-31, Italien, italienische Panzer

Italian M14/41 tanks in depot, September 1943.

The tank was first employed in the North African Campaign where its shortcomings became quickly apparent. The vehicle was unreliable, cramped, and caught fire easily when hit. Following the withdrawal of Italian forces from North Africa the M14/41 was rarely encountered, though many captured vehicles were pressed into service by British and Australian forces to fill the serious shortage of allied tanks in 1941. These vehicles did not remain in Allied service for long.

VariantsEdit

The M14/41 served as the chassis for the far more successful Semovente 90/53 heavy tank destroyer.

BibliographyEdit

  • Trewhitt, Philip (1999). Armored Fighting Vehicles. New York, NY: Amber Books. p. 29. ISBN 0-7607-1260-3. 

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External linksEdit

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