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|Grumman JF-2 Duck in United States Coast Guard service.|
|First flight||24 April 1933 (XJF-1 prototype)|
|Primary users|| United States Navy|
United States Coast Guard
United States Marine Corps
|Variants||Grumman J2F Duck|
The Grumman JF "Duck" was a single-engine amphibious biplane.
Design and developmentEdit
The Grumman JF Duck was manufactured from 1934 until 1936, when production switched to the J2F Duck and later variants. The more obvious external appearance clue to distinguish a JF from an early J2F is the deletion of the inter-aileron strut between the wings on the J2F; less noticeable perhaps is the J2F's slightly longer rear fuselage/float joining fillet beneath the tail.
The Duck's main pontoon was part of the fuselage, almost making it a flying boat, though it appears more like a standard aircraft with an added float. This general configuration was shared with the earlier Loening OL. The XJF-1 prototype first flew on 24 April 1933 piloted by Grumman test pilot Paul Hovgard.
The JF-1 that was first ordered, had the same Pratt & Whitney R-1830-62 engine as the XJF-1 prototype. The US Navy ordered 27 JF-1s with the first Ducks delivered beginning in May 1934 to Norfolk NAS. These early production series had provisions for mounting a machine gun at the rear seat facing aft, a single bomb rack mounted under each wing, capable of carrying a 100 lb (45.4 kg) bomb or depth charge on each. The main float was also a Grumman design (Grumman Model "A") and like the prototype, it included retractable main landing gear, making the Duck a true amphibian. Ducks served as general/utility amphibians for photographic, target-towing, scouting and rescue work.
- Prototype with 700 hp Pratt & Whitney R-1535-62 engine, one built (BuNo 9218).
- Production variant with 700 hp Pratt & Whitney R-1830-62 Twin Wasp engine, 27 built (BuNos 9434-9455, 9523-9527).
- Variant for the United States Coast Guard powered by a 750 hp Wright R-1820-102 Cyclone engine, 15 built (BuNo 0266, 00371-00372, 01647, USCG V141-V155).
- JF-2 for the U.S. Navy, five built (BuNos 9835-9839).
- Grumman G-20
- Civilian version of the Grumman JF-2
- Argentine Navy - Operated eight JF-2s
Data from General characteristics
- Crew: 3
- Capacity: 851 lb (386 kg) payload
- Length: 32 ft 7 in (9.93 m)
- JF-1 & JF-3: 33 ft (10 m)
- Wingspan: 39 ft 0 in (11.89 m)
- Height: 15 ft 1 in (4.60 m)
- Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp 14-cyl two row air-cooled radial piston engine, 700 hp (520 kW)
- Allen, Francis J. "A Duck Without Feathers". Air Enthusiast, Issue 23, December 1983—March 1984, pp. 46–55, 77—78. Bromley, Kent UK: Pilot Press, 1983.
- Thruelsen, Richard. The Grumman Story. New York: Praeger Publishers, Inc., 1976. ISBN 0-275-54260-2.
- Treadwell, Terry. Ironworks: Grumman's Fighting Aeroplanes. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishers, 1990. ISBN 1-85310-070-6.
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