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Henry Gilbert Costin
Born (1898-06-15)June 15, 1898
Died October 8, 1918(1918-10-08) (aged 20)
Place of birth Baltimore, Maryland
Place of death France
Place of burial Loudon Park National Cemetery
Baltimore, Maryland
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1917 - 1918
Rank Private
Unit Company H, 115th Infantry Regiment, 29th Division.
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Medal of Honor

Henry Gilbert Costin (June 15, 1898 – October 8, 1918) was a private in the United States Army who received the Medal of Honor for his actions in World War I near Bois–de–Consenvoye, France during the Meuse–Argonne Offensive.[1]

BiographyEdit

Private Costin was born June 15, 1898 in Baltimore, Maryland and graduated from the Baltimore City College high school in 1914.[2] After enlisting in the Army in 1917[3] was sent to France to fight in World War I where he was killed.

He died October 8, 1918 near Bois–de–Consenvoye, France and after his body was returned to the United States was buried in Loudon Park National Cemetery Baltimore, Maryland. His grave can be found in section B, grave 460.[4]

The MissionEdit

Costin's platoon of Company H, 115th Infantry was held up by enemy machinegun fire. Costin was the first to volunteer to charge the machinegun nest as part of an automatic rifle team.

The fire team advanced against heavy artillery, machinegun, and mortar fire. Costin continued the attack by himself after all his comrades had become casualties and he himself had been seriously wounded, firing until he collapsed.

His act resulted in the capture of about 100 prisoners and several machineguns. He succumbed from the effects of his wounds shortly after the accomplishment of his heroic deed.

Private Costin's body was repatriated to the United States and he is buried in his hometown of Baltimore at the Loudon Park National Cemetery, Plot: section B, grave 460.

Medal of Honor citationEdit

Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company H, 115th Infantry, 29th Division. Place and date: Near Bois–de–Consenvoye, France, 8 October 1918. Entered service at: Baltimore, Md. Birth: Baltimore, Md. G.O. No.: 34, W.D., 1919.

Citation:

When the advance of his platoon had been held up by machinegun fire and a request was made for an automatic rifle team to charge the nest, Pvt. Costin was the first to volunteer. Advancing with his team, under terrific fire of enemy artillery, machineguns, and trench mortars, he continued after all his comrades had become casualties and he himself had been seriously wounded. He operated his rifle until he collapsed. His act resulted in the capture of about 100 prisoners and several machineguns. He succumbed from the effects of his wounds shortly after the accomplishment of his heroic deed.[5]

NamesakeEdit

The Liberty Ship SS Henry Gilbert Costin (Maritime Commission Hull Number 0950, U.S. Merchant Marine Association), built at the Bethlehem Shipyard in Baltimore in 1943, was named for Private Costin and used for troop transport during World War II. Also named in honor of PVT Costin is the PVT Henry Costin National Guard Armory at 8601 Odell Road in Laurel, Maryland as well as the PVT Henry Costin Dining Facility on Omaha Beach Circle at the Camp Fretterd Military Reservation in Reisterstown, Maryland (Maryland Army National Guard).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "MDARNG History: Henry G. Costin, Medal of Honor". http://www.marylandguard.com/mdarng/reg_hist/moh/costin.html. Retrieved October 5, 2010. [dead link] at www.marylandguard.com
  2. Leonhart, James Chancellor (1939). One Hundred Years of Baltimore City College. Baltimore: H.G. Roebuck & Son. 
  3. Service Profile
  4. "Henry Gilbert Costin". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7099850. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  5. "World War I; Costin, Henry Gilbert entry". Medal of Honor recipients. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/worldwari.html. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 

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