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Jeptha Vining Harris
Born (1816-12-01)December 1, 1816
Died November 21, 1899(1899-11-21) (aged 82)
Place of birth Elbert County, Georgia
Place of death Lowndes County, Mississippi
Buried at Columbus, Mississippi
Allegiance Confederate States of America Confederate States of America
Service/branch Mississippi Mississippi militia
Years of service 1861–1865
Rank Confederate States of America General Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War

Jeptha Vining Harris (December 1, 1816 – November 21, 1899) was a brigadier general (August 1862 – August 1863) and later, after a year in private life, a colonel (August 1864 – 1865) in the Mississippi militia, who fought in conjunction with the Confederate States Army in Mississippi during the American Civil War (Civil War). His militia brigade served at Vicksburg, Mississippi during the Siege of Vicksburg. Harris and the brigade were part of the Confederate army surrendered to Union Army forces under then Major General Ulysses S. Grant on July 4, 1863. After being exchanged in July and mustered out in August, 1863, Harris returned to civilian life. On August 26, 1864, Harris was commissioned as a colonel of militia and given command of forces at Macon, Mississippi.

After graduating from the University of Georgia in 1836, Harris moved to Lowndes County, Mississippi in 1840 where he became a slaveholder and wealthy planter. He was a state militia officer before the Civil War. He was a Mississippi State Senator from Lowndes County in 1858–1861. After the war, he lived on his Lowndes County farm until his death in 1899.

Early lifeEdit

Jeptha Vining Harris[1] was born in Elbert County, Georgia on December 1, 1816.[2][3] His parents were Jeptha Vining and Sarah (Hunt) Harris.[2][4] The elder Jeptha Vining Harris was a Georgia militia general during the War of 1812, prominent lawyer, planter and state representative.[2][4][5]

Jeptha Vining Harris graduated from the University of Georgia in 1836.[2][3] He moved to Lowndes County, Mississippi in 1840 where he became a slaveholder and wealthy planter.[2][3] He was a state militia officer before the Civil War.[2] He served in the Mississippi State Senate from Lowndes County in 1858–1861.[2]

Jeptha V. Harris married Mary Oliver Banks of Tuscaloosa, Alabama on June 30, 1840.[6] They had the following children who survived to adulthood: Mary O. Harris, Willis Banks Harris (who served on the staff of Confederate Brigadier General Jacob H. Sharp) and Lucy Harris Duncan.[7] Harris was the uncle of Jeptha Vining Harris, a doctor who served in the Confederate States Army and was later a doctor, customs collector and school superintendent at Key West, Florida.[8][9]

American Civil War serviceEdit

At the outbreak of the Civil War, at his own expense, Jeptha Vining Harris equipped a company of soldiers for the Confederate Army.[2] In August 1861 or 1862, Harris joined the Mississippi militia and was elected captain of a company.[10] On September 2, 1862, he was commissioned a brigadier general of state troops posted at Columbus, Mississippi.[2][3] On May 7, 1863, Harris's brigade was ordered to defend the riverfront at the besieged Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg, Mississippi.[2] The unit was positioned on the far left of the Confederate line east of Fort Hill under the overall command of Brigadier General John C. Vaughn.[2][11] Harris was praised for his performance at Vicksburg.[2] Harris and his brigade were surrendered with the other Confederate forces at Vicksburg on July 4, 1863.[3]

After the Confederate surrender at Vicksburg, Harris and his men were paroled.[2] Many of the demoralized men went home.[2] Harris was exchanged on July 16, 1863, but his command had dissolved and both Harris and his brigade were formally mustered out on August 26, 1863.[2][3] On August 26, 1864, Harris was appointed a colonel and given command of the militia force at Macon, Mississippi, where he completed his war service.[2][3]

AftermathEdit

After the Civil War, Jeptha V. Harris returned to his farm in Lowndes County, Mississippi, where he died on November 21, 1899.[2][3] He is buried in Friendship Cemetery, Columbus, Mississippi.[2][3]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. According to Allardice, 1995, p. 120, Harris is incorrectly identified in United States War Department. The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901, Volume XXIV, Part 2, p. 237, OCLC 427057, ISBN 978-0-918678-07-2, and by Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army; From Its Organization, September 29, 1789, to March 2, 1903. Vol. 1 of 2 vols., U.S. Government Printing Office, 1903. OCLC 1200947, as John V. Harris.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 Allardice, Bruce S. More Generals in Gray. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-8071-3148-2 (pbk.). Retrieved September 16, 2012. p. 120.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 282.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Harris, Gideon Dowse. Harris Genealogy. Columbus, Miss., Keith Printing Co., 1914. OCLC 4707316. Retrieved September 23, 2012. pp. 74–75, 94.
  5. No source found for this article refers to this Jeptha Vining Harris as "Jr." but the cited Harris Genealogy refers to him as "the second" Jeptha Vining Harris.
  6. Harris, 1914, p. 94.
  7. Harris, 1914, pp. 94–95.
  8. Harris, 1914, pp. 75–76, 94.
  9. Born, George Walter. Preserving Paradise: The Architectural Heritage And History of the Florida Keys. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2006. ISBN 978-1-59629-152-2. p. 32.
  10. Eicher, 2001, p. 282 gives the 1861 date. Allardice, 1995, p. 120 gives the 1862 date. The 1861 date would be consistent with Allardice's statement that Harris outfitted a company at the beginning of the war.
  11. Winschel, Terrence J. Vicksburg: Fall of the Confederate Gibraltar. Abilene, TX: McWhiney Foundation Press, 1999. ISBN 978-1-893114-01-2. Retrieved September 24, 2012.  – via Questia (subscription required) p. 133.

ReferencesEdit

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