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In the United Kingdom, the Judge Advocate of Her Majesty's Fleet was a civilian judge who was responsible for the supervision and superintendence of the court martial system in the Royal Navy. Until 2004, he shared responsibility for the naval court martial system with the Chief Naval Judge Advocate, a legally-trained serving naval officer who was responsible for the appointment of judge advocates. However the Chief Naval Judge Advocate's post was abolished[1] because of a ruling by the European Court of Human Rights that held that, as a serving naval officer, his position was insufficiently independent.[2]

The role of Judge Advocate of the Fleet was taken over by the Judge Advocate General from 2004 onwards.[3] It was formally abolished on 31 December 2008 under the Armed Forces Act 2006.[4]

List of Judge Advocates of the FleetEdit

  • 1663 J. Fowler
  • 1672 J. Brisbane
  • 1680 H. Croone
  • 1689 P. Foster
  • 1689 F. Bacher
  • 1690 Villiers Bathurst
  • 1711 W. Strahan
  • 1714 E. Honywood
  • 1724 J. Copeland
  • 1729 T. Hawes
  • 1743 T. Kempe
  • 1744 Charles Fearne

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ReferencesEdit

  1. Naval Discipline Act 1957 (Remedial) Order 2004, SI 2004/66
  2. Grieves v. United Kingdom (N° 57067/00) Judgment 16.12.2003 [Grand Chamber]
  3. "Military Justice". Judiciary of England and Wales. 2008. http://www.judiciary.gov.uk/about_judiciary/roles_types_jurisdiction/military_justice/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-16. 
  4. S.272(2)/ Sch.8; s.378(2)/ Sch.17; Armed Forces Act 2006 (Commencement No. 2) Order 2007, SI 2007/2913
  5. Debrett, John (1901). Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage. London: Dean & Son Ltd.. pp. 361. 
  6. Debrett, John (1922). Arthur G. M. Hesilrige. ed. Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage. London: Dean & Son Ltd.. pp. 375. 

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