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The Kosovo Security Force (Albanian language: Forca e Sigurisë së Kosovës , (KSF) is an emergency response force charged with conducting operations in Kosovo and abroad in the areas of Search and Rescue, Explosive Ordnance Disposal, Firefighting, and Hazardous Material Disposal. It is widely assumed that the KSF will take on an additional defense role after a governmental review of the organization in 2013. The Commander of the KSF is Lieutenant General Kadri Kastrati.

In March 2008, the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR) and the Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC) started preparations for the formation of the Kosovo Security Force. According to guidance laid out in the Ahtisaari Plan, the security force is permitted to carry light weapons and the Government of Kosovo and the international community planned to bring the force in line with NATO standards. "The plan envisages that the security force be comprised of 2,500 active soldiers and 800 reservists at age 19-35." The admission and the training of personnel began in early June, when NATO experts arrived in Kosovo to guide the process.[3] From early December 2008, enlisting began for the Kosovo Security Force. The age of candidates is 18–30 years old.[4]

HistoryEdit

Following the Kosovo War in 1999, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 placed Kosovo under the authority of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), with security provided by the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR). KFOR entered Kosovo on June 12, 1999 under a United Nations mandate, two days after the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1244.

Kosovo declared independence in February 2008. On March 19, 2008, United States President George W. Bush authorised military aid to Kosovo Security Force in another step to establish formal relations with Kosovo.[5]

On January 4, 2009, the names of those who were to be selected for the KSF from the KPC were announced. After being vetted by NATO, roughly 1,400 former members of the KPC were selected to serve as officers and rank and file members of the KSF.

On January 21, 2009, the Kosovo Security Force was officially launched. The KSF did not replace the Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC) which was disbanded several months later. KFOR was charged with mentoring the KSF and bringing the force to Full Operational Capability. As part of this effort, various nations that are part of KFOR have provided assistance to the force on a bilateral basis including uniforms which were supplied by the United States and vehicles which were donated by Germany. Mentoring efforts were meant to develop the KSF in line with NATO standards.[6][7][8] Additionally Italy, Portugal and other NATO members are to help the KSF by donations and training.[4][9][10] Slovenia donated €30,000 towards the establishment of the KSF.[8]

In addition, NATO established a NATO Advisory Team (NAT) to mentor and advise the Ministry of the Kosovo Security Force in its oversight of force operations. The NAT was composed of uniform and civilian area experts from several NATO and non-NATO nations.

The following senior officers took their oaths on June 16, 2009, under the supervision of then KSF Commander Lieutenant-General Sylejman Selimi:[11]

  • Major-General Rrahman Rama – KSF Deputy Commander and Commander of Land Force Command
  • Major-General Kadri Kastrati – Director of Operations
  • Brigadier-General Bashkim Jashari – General Inspectorate of KSF
  • Brigadier-General Nazmi Brahimaj – Commander of Rapid Reaction Brigade
  • Brigadier-General Zymer Halimi – Chief of Operations and Training Department
  • Brigadier –General Imri Ilazi – Commander of Operations Support Brigade
  • Brigadier-General Enver Cikaqi – Commander of Training and Doctrine Command

On September 15, 2009, the Kosovo Security Force officially began the work, with its initial operational capacities after an eight month training with NATO instructors.[12]

In 2010, the KSF deployed to northern Albania on two separate occasions to perform flood relief operations in support of the Albanian domestic response.

On November 22, 2011, Lieutenant General Sylejman Selimi retired from the KSF and President Atifete Jahjaga appointed the former Director of Operations Major General Kadri Kastrati to succeed him as Commander of the force. President Jahjaga also promoted Kastrati to the rank of Lieutenant General.

Mission statementEdit

FSK , flamuri i Kosoves

A member of FSK with Kosovo's flag at a military parade in the Netherlands

FSK-PF

Members of the Kosovo Security Force

The Kosovo Security Force (KSF) is a new, professional, multi-ethnic, lightly armed and uniformed Security Force that is subject to democratic, civilian control. Its mission is to conduct crisis response operations in Kosovo and abroad; civil protection operations within Kosovo; and to assist the civil authorities in responding to natural disasters and other emergencies.

Such duties will include search and rescue operations; explosive ordnance disposal (de-mining and UXO removal); the control and clearance of hazardous materials; fire-fighting; and other humanitarian assistance tasks. The KSF will represent and protect all the people of Kosovo.

Ministry for the Kosovo Security Force: Mission Statement

The Ministry for the Kosovo Security Force (MKSF) is responsible for exercising civilian control over the Kosovo Security Force (KSF), including management and administration. It comprises a mixture of civilian and KSF personnel and is accountable, through the Prime Minister, to the Kosovo Assembly.

The mission of the MKSF, which is also the highest level KSF Headquarters, is to formulate, implement, evaluate and develop the policies and activities of the KSF within a framework of democratic governance and in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Kosovo.

OrganogramEdit

Organogram FSK

Military rank insigniasEdit

Generals
Gjenerallejtenant Gjeneralmajor Gjeneralbridage
radhëGjenerallejtënantGjeneralmajor Gjeneralbridage
rankLieutenant GeneralMajor GeneralBrigadier General
Staff Officers Officers
Kolonel Nemkolonel Major KSF Kapiten Toger Nemtoger
radhëKolonelNënkolonelMajor KapitenTogerNëntoger
rankColonelLieutenant ColonelMajorCaptainFirst LieutenantSecond Lieutenant
Non-Commissioned Officers Enlisted Men
Rreshter i pare Rreshter Major Kapter Rreshter Tetar Ushtar
radhëRreshter i parëRreshter MajorKapter RreshterTetarUshtar
rankSergeant MajorFirst SergeantStaff SergeantSergeantCorporalPrivate

Weapons and equipmentEdit

Note: Kosovo and the KSF possesses a vast arsenal of weaponry in stock piles which are not included in the list below. t This arsenal has been obtained during and after the War in Kosovo through black markets and also donations from various countries and organisations, most of that weaponry is not officially commissioned with the armed forces due to the conditions imposed by the Ahtisaari Plan, which does not allow Kosovo to posses a armed force with heavy weaponry during its transition phase, but as we have seen with the Cobra armoured vehicles this condition is not very well enforces. This means that most of this weaponry is in reserve as its either stored in armouries or its in the hands of paramilitary groups connected to the government. Heavy Weaponry that were used by the KLA like the few dozen Albanian donated Type 59 main battle tanks, Howitzers, Stinger and Strela 2 MANPADS also several types of modern western and soviet ATGM and Recoilless rifle, also infantry and heavy mortars 60mm, 82mm, 120mm & 160mm were either smuggled back to the northern region of Tropoj & Has in Albania for storage whilst some was directed to Macedonia for the war there. Same fate was for the Serbian captured light and medium weapons.
Some heavy weaponry captured from Serbian forces especially those in the Battle of Košare, like several T-55, M80, BOV & M53/59 Praga, were turned over to KFOR after the war and returned to Serbia whilst a few more damaged vehicles were turned into museum pieces. This list includes only official commissioned equipment of the KSF.

InventoryEdit

Weapon Cartridge Country Manufactured Notes Picture
Pistols
Glock 17[13] 9x19mm Parabellum Flag of Austria.svg Austria standard side arm Glock17
Submachine guns
M84 Škorpion .32 ACP (7.65x17mm) Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia Normal skorpion 01
H&K MP5[13] 9x19mm Parabellum Flag of Germany.png Germany / Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey Several Varients MP5A3 Marinir
UZI / ERO 9x19mm Parabellum Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium / Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia / Flag of Israel.svg Israel Uzi ImgID1
Assault Rifles
AK-47 / AKs-47 7.62x39mm Flag of Albania.svg Albania / Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union Rifle AKS MON
AKM / AKMS 7.62x39mm Flag of Albania.svg Albania / Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union AKM Izhevsk 1960
Type 56 / ASH-82 7.62x39mm Flag of Albania.svg Albania / Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China AK-47 and Type 56 DD-ST-85-01269
Zastava M70 7.62x39mm Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia Zastava M-70
AK SOPMOD 7.62x39mm Flag of Kosovo.svg Kosovo Domestically Modified
AK's of all variants.
AK47
M16 5.56x45mm NATO United States M16a2m203 afmil
H&K G36[13] 5.56x45mm NATO Flag of Germany.png Germany Standard Service Rifle Domok g36
Carbines
Zastava M59/66 7.62x39mm Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia Ceremonial & Cadet rifle Yugo SKS
M4 SOPMOD 5.56x45mm NATO United States PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO
Grenade Launchers
M203 40x46mm grenade United States Attaches to rifle M203 1
H&K AG36[13] 40x46mm grenade Flag of Germany.png Germany Attaches to rifle Latvian G36KV
Metallic RBG-6 40x46mm grenade Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia Automatic M-32 Grenade Launcher
Sniper Rifles
PSL 7.62x54mmR Flag of Albania.svg Albania / Flag of Romania.svg Romania PSL-Sniper Rifle with Scope
APR 7,62 × 51 mm NATO Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland Brügger & Thomet APR338
Dragunov SVD 7.62x54mmR Flag of Albania.svg Albania / Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union / SVD Dragunov
Zastava M76 7.92x57mm Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia Zastava-M76-Full
Zastava M91 7.62x54mmR Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia Sniper Zastava M91
Zastava M93 12.7×108mm & .50 BMG Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia Sniper Zastava M93
Anti-tank
RPG-7 40mm rocket Flag of Albania.svg Albania / Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union RPG-7 detached
M72 LAW 66mm rocket United States / Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey USAF M72 LAW
M80 "Zolja" 64mm rocket Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia Zolja1
M79 Osa 90mm rocket Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia LRAC F1-detoured
General Purpose Machine Guns
RPK / ASh-78 (Tip-2) 7.62x39mm Flag of Albania.svg Albania / Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union Machine Gun RPK
PK 7.62x54mmR Flag of Albania.svg Albania / Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union 150px
RPD 7.62x39mm Flag of Albania.svg Albania / Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union LMG-RPD-44
Zastava M72 7.62x39mm Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia M72B1
Zastava M84 7.62x54mmR Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia Zastava M84
Heavy Machine Guns
Browning M2 12.7x99mm NATO United States Machine gun M2 1
DShKM 12.7x108mm Flag of Albania.svg Albania / Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union Expomil 2005 01 TR-85M1 02 Mitraliera PKT
Armoured vehicle
Otokar Cobra [14] Armoured vehicle Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey Armoured vehicle Paradbaku98

ReferencesEdit

  1. CIA World Factbook - Kosovo
  2. Ministry Budget 2011/Telegrafi.com
  3. Security forces to be formed in Kosovo, MRT.com, March 31, 2008.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Enlistment in Kosovo Armed Forces begins January in Gjilan" newkosovoareport.com 05 December 2008. Link accessed 21-01-09
  5. Bush OKs supplying arms to Kosovo, AFP, March 19, 2008.
  6. "Lt. Gen. Selimi appointed as Chief of Staff of KSF" newkosovoareport.com 20 December 2009. Link accessed 21-01-09
  7. "Kosovo's security force launched" news.bbc.co.uk 21 January 2009. Link Retrieved 21-01-09
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Kosovo: Security or militarisation?" b92.net 21 January 2009. Link retrieved 21-01-09
  9. "Italy to support the establishment of Kosovo armed forces" newkosovoareport.com 24 December 2008. Link accessed 21-01-09
  10. "Portugal to assist the establishment of Kosovo Army" newkosovoareport.com 20 December 2008. Link accessed 21-01-09
  11. Ministry Press Release, 16 June 2009, Pristina
  12. "FSK nis zyrtarisht punën" (in Albanian). Pristina, Kosovo: Gazeta Express. September 18, 2009. http://www.gazetaexpress.com/web/index.php/artikujt/lexo/15467/C4/C16/. Retrieved September 18, 2009. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 http://www.gazetaexpress.com/web/index.php/artikujt/lexo/24626/C4/C16/
  14. http://www.telegrafi.com/lajme/turqia-kosova-duhet-te-kete-ushtri-2-28950.html Turkey: Kosovo, Should have Military like every region state

External linksEdit

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