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Vietnam People's Army
Vietnam People's Army signal
Flag of the People's Army of Vietnam
Ministry of Defence
Vietnam People's Army General Staff insigniaGeneral Staff
Vietnam People's Army insignia Ground Force
Vietnam People's Air Force insignia Air Force
Vietnam People's Navy insignia Navy
Vietnam Border Defense Force insignia Border Guard
Vietnam Marine Police insignia Coast Guard
Ranks of the Vietnamese Military
Ground Force ranks and insignia
Air Force ranks and insignia
Navy ranks and insignia
Border Guard ranks and insignia
Coast Guard ranks and insignia
History of the Vietnamese Military
History of Vietnamese military ranks
Military history of Vietnam

During the Vietnam War (1965–1975) and the Cambodian–Vietnamese War (1977–1989), Vietnam People's Ground Forces relies almost entirely on the weapons and equipment systems derived from the Soviet Union. Since the Soviet collapse in 1991, the period of cheap military equipment for Vietnam had ended and Vietnam started use hard currency and barter to buy weapons and equipment.

Vietnam set up economic development and maintaining leading growth in defense spending in a trickle. Vietnam does not conduct the procurement phase or major upgrade weapons. Until the end of 1990s, the Government of Vietnam has announced a series of strategic procurement systems equipped with modern weapons. Accordingly, Vietnam is slow to develop naval and air forces to control the shallow waters and exclusive economic zone.

Most defense procurement programs are primarily made to ensure this priority. For example, Vietnam has purchased a number of combat aircraft and warships have the ability to combat high. Vietnam also plans to develop the defense industry, with priority for the Navy, combined with the former communist allies and India.[1][2]

In 2006, Israel reported to the United Nations Register Organization of Conventional Arms (UNROCA) that had been sold to Vietnam two light armored vehicles (LAV). Currently, a number of Israeli companies won the bid and are involved in testing some upgraded T-54/55 tanks in total to 850 T-54/55 Vietnam. Israel's program includes upgrading armor, night vision system and a fire control system upgrade (produced in Poland).

May 2002, Vietnam and Ukraine reached an agreement of military technical cooperation extended to 2005. Accordingly, Ukraine will support Vietnam primarily to upgrade armor and artillery, weapons co-production and repair, upgrade and provides a large number of weapons, but unknown which types.

February 2005, the Ministry of Defense of Finland ceded to Vietnam about 70 tanks T-54 and T-55 from the Soviet era.

In early March 2005, Poland signed a contract to sell to Vietnam 150 T-72 tanks used together to support training, ammunition, equipment maintenance and repair base but this contract was canceled in 2006 because Vietnam wanted to investment more for Navy and Air Force .

In addition to upgrading tanks, the Ministry of Defense Vietnam signed a military cooperation agreement with Russia.

The Vietnamese have also produced their own equipment and repaired existing equipment.


In storage

Self-Propelled ArtilleryEdit

  • SU-100 Self-Propelled Artillery 100 mm (more than 20)
  • 2S1 Gvozdika Self-Propelled Artillery 122 mm (100-150)
  • 2S3 Akatsiya Self-Propelled Artillery (50-70)

In storage

  • M107 Self-Propelled Artillery 175 mm (5)

IFV / APCsEdit

  • BMP-1 Infantry fighting vehicle (600)
  • BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle (600)
  • BTR-50 Tracked armoured personnel carrier (800)
  • BTR-60 Wheeled armoured personnel carrier (500)
  • BTR-70 Wheeled armoured personnel carrier (200)
  • BRDM-1 Reconnaissance vehicle (200)
  • BRDM-2 Reconnaissance vehicle (200)
  • RAM MkIII Armored Mine Protected Vehicle (200)
  • M-113 armored personnel carrier (500)
  • V-150 wheeled armoured personnel carrier (300)
  • BTR-80 Wheeled armoured personnel carrier (100)
  • Type 63 (armoured personnel carrier) (300)


Russian BM-21 Grad in Saint Petersburg

BM-21 (Russian: БМ-21 "Град"), (Grad) Soviet truck-mounted 122 mm multiple rocket launcher

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Phased out/In storage

Infantry weaponsEdit

Quân đội duyệt binh ở Trường Sa

Vietnamese troops on Spratly Island

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  • Pistols
    • TT-33 Pistols Militia force
    • PMM Pistols Standard issue service pistol.
    • APS Pistols Standard issue
    • Type-54 Pistols (Chinese copy of TT-33) Militia Force
    • CZ-52 Pistols (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
  • Rifles
    • AK-47 Assault rifle (Replaced by locally produced AKM)
    • Type-56 Assault rifle (Replaced by locally produced AKM)
    • AKM Assault rifles Standard issue
    • AK-74 Assault rifle (In limited service with the Vietnamese Naval Infantry)
    • AKS-74U Compact Assault rifles (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong))
    • XM-177E2 Carbines Used by Special Force and marine police
    • SKS-45 Carbines (Militia force, Military police)
    • Type 56 Carbines (Militia force, Military police)
    • IMI Tavor TAR-21 Assault rifle (Used by Naval Special Force)
    • GALATZ Sniper rifles (used by Special Force and Naval Infantry)
    • SVD Sniper rifles Standard issue
    • SVU Sniper rifles (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
    • vz. 58 Assault rifle Standard Issue[4]
  • Submachine Guns
    • PM-63 Submachine guns (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
    • MP-5A4 Submachine guns (used by the Police Force)
    • Uzi Submachine guns (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
    • MiniUzi Submachine guns (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
    • MicroUzi Submachine guns (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
  • Machine Guns
    • IMI Negev Light Machine Gun (Used by Naval Special Force)
    • RPD-44 Light Machine Guns Standard issue
    • RPK Light Machine Guns Standard issue
    • PKM General purpose machine Guns Standard issue
    • DShK-38/DShKM Heavy machine guns Standard issue
    • NSV Heavy Machine Guns Standard issue
  • Explosives
    • GP-25 under barrel grenade launchers (used by Special Force (a.k.a. Dac Cong)
    • M203 under barrel grenade launchers (used on the Tavor by naval infantry)
    • AGS-17 Automatic grenade launchers Standard issue
    • M-79 Grenade Launchers Standard issue (Has been locally self-produced)
    • MGL Mk-1 40 mm Grenade Launcher (In limited use)
    • M-72 Light Anti-Tank Weapon, improved for more durable launchers and thermobaric rockets, used as flame throwers
    • Type 69 RPG rocket propelled grenade system (Chinese version of RPG-7, now being replaced by RPG-7V due to lack of accuracy and penetration (Chinese ammo)).
    • RPG-7 rocket propelled grenade system Standard Issue
    • RPG-29 rocket-propelled grenade system
    • AT-4 Spigot Anti-tank missile system
    • AT-3 Sagger Anti-tank missile system
    • AT-5 Spandrel Anti-tank missile system
    • MD-82 mine Anti-personnel blast mine

Phased out/In storage

  • P-64 CZAK Pistol (phased out after Vietnam War)
  • M16 Assault rifles (decommissioned due to lack of ammo). In storage
  • M16A1 Assault rifles (decommissioned due to lack of ammo) In storage
  • Kbkg wz. 1960 Carbine-grenade launcher (status unknown)
  • M14 Battle Rifle (decommissioned due to lack of ammo) In storage
  • AMD 65 Assault rifle In storage
  • M1919 Medium machine gun (In storage)
  • M2HB Heavy Machine Guns (decommissioned due to lack of parts) In storage
  • M-60 Machine Guns (decommissioned due to lack of parts) In storage



Vietnam has already self-produced Scud-B tactical ballistic missiles [5]

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  • B-10 82 mm Recoilless gun (700)
  • SPG-9 73 mm Recoilless gun (900)
  • 82-PM-41 82mm infantry mortar (200)
  • M1938 107mm infantry mortar (200)
  • 120-PM-43 mortar 120 mm infantry mortar (200)
  • M-160 mortar 160 mm infantry mortar (100)
  • 2S1 122 mm Self-propelled artillery gun (300)
  • 2S3 152 mm Self-propelled artillery gun (200)
  • D-20 152 mm howitzer gun (700)
  • D-30 122 mm howitzer gun (900)
  • M-46 130 mm towed field gun (500)
  • BM-14 16tubes 140 mm multiple rocket launchers (400)
  • BM-21 40tubes 122 mm multiple-launch rocket system (700)
  • SS-1 Scud B/C/D Tactical ballistic missiles (2,000 missiles and 100 launchers)
  • M-114 155 mm howitzer gun (100)

Phased out/In storage

  • B-11 107 mm Recoilless gun (900)
  • BM-13 16tubes 132 mm multiple rocket launchers (200)
  • M-40 106 mm Recoilless gun (100)
  • M-107 175 mm howitzer self-propelled gun (100)


  1. [1]
  3. "T-62 Tanks of the Vietnam People's Army". June 26, 2013. 
  4. "Czech Defense Minister talks up high-tech arms sales to Vietnam | Czech Position". 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 

See alsoEdit

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