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M4 Sherman

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The M4 Sherman tank was a medium tank employed by the United States of America. It saw the United States, and some of its allies via the Lend Lease program, through the darkest days of World War II, and was produced in massive numbers throughout its relatively short production time. From the start of its production in 1941 until the end of its production in the late 1940s, over 50,000 were produced. It also served as the basis for many new vehicles such as tank destroyers, self-propelled artillery and tank recoverers. It was named the Sherman by the British in accordance with their practice of naming American made tanks being used by them after famous generals who served in the American Civil war, and was named after General William Tecumseh Sherman.

Operational HistoryEdit

During World War II, the M4 Sherman served with the U.S. Army and U.S Marine Corps. It also sent a large number of such vehicles to allied forces United Kingdom, and Commonwealth, the Soviet Union, the Free France, the Polish Government in exile, Brazil and China.

The Marine Corps used the M4A2 and M4A3 diesel fuel in the Pacific. The Chief of the Armored Force Lieutenant General Jacob Devers, Sherman ordered not to use the diesel engine outside the Zone of Interior ( ZI ). The army used all types for training or testing, but the M4A2 and M4A4 were used primarily for export in the program Lend -Lease.

The first American Sherman were engaged in combat in the M4A1 Operation Torch November 1942, shortly after that they might be British in the M4A1 Second Battle of El Alamein October 1942. The M4 and M4A1 replaced the M3 Lee tank battalions in the U.S. during the campaigns in North Africa. The M4 and M4A1 were major releases until late 1944, when it began to replace the M4A3 with a more powerful engine. However, the M4 and M4A1 continued in service until the end of the war.

The Firefly Shermans, carriers of the legendary 17-pound cannon were scarce, but frightening. The power of his gun was comparable to the best German guns, but was vague with Sabot ammunition and fired, a large flash blinded the crew and gave away their position. However, the high efficiency and power from the barrel of 17 pounds was a relief to cope with enemies like the Tiger I, Which otherwise would not have been possible deal.

The first Sherman with 76 mm cannon that saw combat in July 1944 was the M4A1, M4A3 followed . After the war, half of the Sherman U.S. Army had a 76mm cannon. The Sherman remained in service during the Korean War from 1950 to 1953, but the army was replaced during that decade by Patton tanks (M47 and M48.)

OperatorsEdit

  • USA
  • UK
  • USSR
  • France - 1254 tank M4A1(76) received under the program of military assistance.
  • Canada
  • Аustralia - tested three different versions, but the " Sherman " consisted only armed with expeditionary forces.
  • New Zealand
  • Brazil — 230 M4 and M4A1 obtained in 1944 Lend - Lease.
  • Greece
  • Italy - (Post-War)
  • Yugoslavia
  • Dinsmark
  • BelgiumM4A1(105), M4A3, Sherman VC
  • Israel
  • Egypt
  • Pakistan - 547 tanks M4A1E4(76)
  • India
  • Taiwan — 34 M4 obtained in 1943.
  • Poland
  • Мexico
  • Chile
  • Argentina (Post-War)
  • Uganda (Post-War)
  • Paraguay - 5 M4A3
  • Nicaragua
  • Japan — 264 M4A3E8 obtained in the process of organizing Japan Self Defense Forces after the WWII
  • Philippines
  • Peru — 40 M4A3 obtained from the U.S in 1956.

SpecificationsEdit

  • Model: M4A3
  • Weight: 31.55 tons .
  • Garrison: 5 men
  • Engine: Ford GAA, 8-cylinder (500 hp)
  • Speed: 42 km / h (road)
  • Range: 160 km ( highway)
  • Length: 6.27 m
  • Width: 2,67 m
  • Height: 3.37 m
  • Main Armament: a M3 75 mm gun
  • Secondary armament: 2x M1919A4 machine guns of 7.62 mm ( hull and coaxial ) and an M2 12.7mm machine gun (anti-aircraft tower)
  • Ammunition: n/a
  • Hoof Shield: 50.8 mm (front) and 38.1 (side)
  • Tower Shield: 76.2 (front) and 50.8 (side)

See alsoEdit

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