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The nature of the fighting in local armed conflicts of recent years has changed significantly. Typically, they occur without clearly defined front lines, in the absence of direct contact between parts, and even units with each other, with a high degree of tactical and fire-independent.

The conduct of hostilities in the city is characterized by exceptional complexity and tension. They are at close range, in close contact with the enemy, simultaneously on several levels. In these conditions, combat support units of the special role becomes portable weapon. No alternative means of destruction in the near future for efficiency, the weight load on the military, agility, cost of production is not able to replace modern means of close combat. The changing nature of the fighting, especially when administered in human settlements, leads to an increase in the role of an individual soldier in combat and it requires a highly efficient with light melee weapons.

By such means of destruction, which may be included in individual equipment soldiers are hand grenades and flamethrowers for various purposes. Leading developer of small-sized jet flame thrower (MPO), with starting device in use, disposable thermobaric (MPO-A), Haze (MPO-D) and dymozazhigatelnom gear (MPO-RS) was defined FGUP GNPP of Basalt. "Flame Throwers are developed and adopted 2003.

The main problem for MPO in the conduct of the battle in the city:
Ogm mro

- Fire support of assault groups, the defeat of the enemy firing points, fitted in a room with window and door openings on small (up to 300 m) distances (MPO-A);

- Blinding firing points and instantaneous setting protective aerosol screens (MPO-D);

- Burning buildings and the creation of these intolerable conditions for manpower (MPO-RS).

With original designs jet engine and MRO in general, significantly (compared with existing similar structures) reduced the parameters that affect the firing in a shot (overpressure, thermal field) that allows the use of MRO facilities with a limited amount (20 m3) and firing at angles of declination 90 ° and elevation 45 °. That is, the upper floors of buildings and structures on the objects at their base, as well as on the upper floors, with floor to floor, etc. The use of flamethrowers is possible because of "lying", "kneeling," "standing". In addition, technical solutions, incorporated in the design of the warhead, significantly increased its effectiveness compared to other full-time flame-throwers, including through the formation of the flow of high-speed fragments that could hit vital force, equipped with modern means of individual protection.

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