|Marcus M. Robbins|
Marcus M. Robbins, Medal of Honor recipient
|Born||July 25, 1851|
|Died||June 21, 1924(aged 72)|
|Place of birth||Elba, Wisconsin|
|Place of death||Pittsfield, Massachusetts|
|Place of burial||Pittsfield, Massachusetts|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Unit||6th United States Cavalry|
|Battles/wars||American Indian Wars|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
On April 23, 1875, Robbins and five other soldiers snuck up behind a band of Cheyenne warriors and attacked them from the rear at Sappa Creek in Kansas. He received a Medal of Honor for these actions on November 16, 1876. Several other members of his company also received medals for their role in the battle. Richard Longstreth Tea, Frederick Platten, James Lowthers, Simpson Hornaday, and Peter W. Gardiner made up the rest of the expedition around the Cheyenne lines, and all received the Medal of Honor. Michael Dawson and James F. Ayers also were a part of the battle, and also were awarded the Medal of Honor. The engagement was part of the Red River War.
Twentieth-century commentators have questioned the role of the Sixth Cavalry at Sappa Creek, with some calling it a "massacre."
Medal of HonorEdit
His award citation reads:
- With 5 other men he waded in mud and water up the creek to a position directly behind an entrenched Cheyenne position, who were using natural bank pits to good advantage against the main column. This surprise attack from the enemy rear broke their resistance.
The medal itself was out of possession of Robbins' family for many years, until it was returned to them in 2009.
- This article incorporates from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
- ↑ 
- ↑ J. Brett Cruse, et al. Battles of the Red River War: archeological perspectives on the Indian at 162.
- ↑ Walter Frederick Beyer, et al. Deeds of Valor. Detroit: Perrien-Keydel, 1906. p. 196
- ↑ John H. Monnett, Massacre at Cheyenne Hole: Lieutenant Austin Henely and the Sappa Creek, 1999. ("[I]ntimations surfaced that the Sappa Creek fight was a massacre of the Cheyennes under Little Bull who attempted to surrender.")
- ↑ United States Army Center of Military History http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/indianwars.html
- ↑ Connor Berry. "A Majestic Medal" Berkshire Eagle December 5, 2009
- Medal of Honor of Marcus M. Robbins on YouTube
- "Marcus Robbins". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8198633. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
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