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Messerschmitt Bf 109

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Bf109

BF-109

The Messerschmitt BF-109 was the Germany Air Force backbone in the second world war

DescriptionEdit

Messerschmitt Bf 109 aka Me 109 - Was a German fighter that had a production of over 33,000 units, one of most produced aircrafts in history.

There was demand for a modern fighter aircraft for Air Force (''Luftwaffe) which developed in secret. Its construction began in 1934 under the direction of Willy Messerschmitt then in the Bavarian Aircraft Factory (Bayerischen Flugzeugwerken - Hence the acronym Bf) In Augsburg- Haunstetten, Germany.

The first flight took place in May 1935, The Bf 109 was put to the test the first time in Spanish Civil War of 1937 until WWII. All fighter units were equipped with this aircraft and many kept getting permanent improvements by the end of the war.

Its creator Willy Messerschmitt during the war split the original company and founded his own (with the initials of the company being me ), so there are those who argue that the versions from "F "in front have to be called the Me 109, although this name never has been an officer .

Also acquired numerous other air forces planes of this model, for example, Finland, Croatia, Romania, Hungary and Switzerland and ironically, the main fighter also served Nazi Germany after the war, other air forces as the Israeli Air Force in the early wars against the Arabs. The Bf 109 also served in addition to its primary task of hunting as fighter-bomber, and night fighter aircraft recognition.

It was a very successful airplane, the target of criticism and admiration and respect, piloted by some of the biggest aces Germany as Erich Hartmann, The black demon of Ukraine 352 victories, Werner Molders 115 victories.

OperatorsEdit

Bulgaria

Independent State of Croatia
Finland

Nazi Germany

  • The Luftwaffe was the main operator of the Bf 109.
Hungary

Italy

The Italian Social Republic

Japan

  • Between 7 and 13 (Sources vary) E models. Allocated USAAC code name 'Mike'.
Romania
  • Royal Romanian Air Force Operated E-3/4s 50, 19 E-7s, two F-2s, five F-4s and at least 235 G-2/G-4/G-6/-8s; another 75 built IAR-sixth as 109G .
Czechoslovakia
  • Czechoslovak Air Force operated aircraft and captured Messerschmitt Bf 109Gs building continued after the war under the name ' Avia S-99 ', but soon ran out of the engine Daimler- Benz DB 605 after many were destroyed during an explosion at a warehouse in Krásné Brezno.
Slovak Republic
Spanish State
  • Spanish Air Force operated some D -1s, and 3s and 15 F- 4s, and may have received several models B older. Volunteers ' Escuadrilla Blue ' Eastern Front operated E-4, E -7, E-7 / B, F- 2, F -4 ( belonging to the JG -27 under the command of Luftflotte 2 until April 1943 ) along with G -4 and G -6 (highlighted in JG -51 under the command of Luftflotte 4 until June 1944).
Switzerland
  • Swiss Air Force operated 10 D -1s, 89 E -3a variants, two 4s and F 14 G -6s .
Yugoslavia
Israel
  • Israeli Air Force operated the derivative Avia S-199, Purchased from Czechoslovakia. Despite the scarcity of aircraft the Israelis scored eight wins. Egypt and Syria claimed four S-199 destroyed and one probable.

VariantsEdit

  • Bf 109 V1: prototype equipped with an engine British Kestrel, flying the first time in September 1935;
  • Bf 109 B-1: First production version, equipped with Junkers Jumo 210D engine 680 cv of potency and armed with three guns of 7.92 mm;
  • Bf 109 B-2: Variant of the Bf 109 B, with propeller variable pitch VDM -Hamilton ;
  • Bf 109 C-1: Version with four 7.92 mm machine guns, equipped with Junkers Jumo 210G engine 700 horsepower
  • Bf 109 C-2: Bf 109 C variant of the fifth with a machine gun firing through the propeller hub ;
  • Bf 109 D-1: Version fitted with a Junkers Jumo 210D engine and 680 horsepower ;
  • Bf 109 E-1: version equipped with a DB 601A engine of 990 hp and armed with four guns and four 50 kg bombs or a single 250 kg;
  • Bf 109 E-3: Variant of the Bf 109 E-1 armed with two 7.92 mm machine guns and two cannon MG FF 20 mm ;
  • Bf 109 E-4: Variant of the Bf 109 E-3 armed with two machine guns 7.92 mm cannon and two MG FF / M 20 mm ;
  • Bf 109 E-4/Trop: tropicalized variant of the Bf 109 E- 4 with a sand filter in the air entering the engine for action in the desert;
  • Bf 109 E-4 / N: Variant of the Bf 109 E-4, equipped with an engine of 1175 hp DB 601N
  • Bf 109 T-1: Navalised STOL variant of the Bf 109 E, built under license by Fieseler, intended for use with the two Graf Zeppelin class aircraft carriers of the Kergismarine.
  • Bf 109 T-2: New designation for T-1 aircraft following removal of naval equipment.
  • Bf 109 F-1: version equipped with a DB 601N engine of 1175 hp and armed with two 7.92 mm machine guns and a 20mm cannon ;
  • Bf 109 F-2: Bf 109 F variant armed with two 7.92 mm machine guns and one 15 mm cannon ;
  • Bf 109 F-4: Variant of the Bf 109 F, DB 601E of 1350 hp, armed with two 7.92 mm machine guns and a 20mm cannon ;
  • Bf 109 F-4/Trop: Variant tropicalized the 109 F -4, with filter sand the air entering the engine for action in desert;
  • Bf 109 G-1: version equipped with an engine DB 605 A-1 with 1475 hp and armed with two 7.92 mm machine guns
  • Bf 109 G -6: Bf 109 G variant armed with a 20mm cannon, two machine guns, 13 mm;
  • Bf 109 G-6/U4: Variant of the Bf 109 G -6 armed with a 30mm cannon, two machine guns, 13 ;
  • Bf 109 H-1: Version, never produced, for large altitudes, Equipped with DB 601E engine ;
  • Bf 109 K-4: version equipped with an engine DB 605 DCM with 2000 hp and armed with two 13 mm machine gun and a 30mm cannon ;
  • Bf 109 K-6: Variant of the Bf 109 K -4, never produced, armed with two machine guns and three 13 mm cannons, 30 mm;
  • S -99: Version of the Bf 109 G constructed in Czechoslovakia by Avia ;
  • S-199: Version built by Avia, equipped with an engine Jumo 211f with 1340 horsepower ;
  • HA-1109: Version built under license in Spain the Hispano-Aviación, equipped with an engine Hispano-Suiza 12Z -89 with 1300 hp;
  • HA -1112 - M1L: Variant of HA -1109 equipped with an engine Rolls- Royce Merlin 500-45 with 1400 horsepower. Following their retirement, these aircraft were acquired for use in the film Battle Of Britain.

SpecificationsEdit

General characteristicsEdit

  • Crew: One
  • Length: 8.95 m (29 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.925 m (32 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 2.60 m (8 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 16.05 m² (173.3 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,247 kg (5,893 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 3148 kg (6,940 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 3,400 kg (7,495 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1× Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1 liquid-cooled inverted V12, 1,475 PS (1,455 hp, 1,085 kW)
  • Propellers: VDM 9-12087 three-bladed light-alloy propeller
    • Propeller diameter: 3 m (9.84 ft) ()

PerformanceEdit

  • Maximum speed 640 km/h (398 mph) at 6,300 m (20,669 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 590 km/h (365 mph) at 6,000 m (19,680 ft)
  • Range: 850 km (528 mi) 1,000 km (621 mi) with droptank
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,370 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 17.0 m/s (3,345 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 196 kg/m² (40 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 344 W/kg (0.21 hp/lb)

ArmamentEdit

  • Guns:
    • 2 × 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns with 300 rounds per gun
    • 1 × 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon as Motorkanone with 200 rpg. G-6/U4 variant: 1 × 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon as Motorkanone with 65 rpg
    • 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 underwing cannon pods with 135 rpg (optional kit - Rüstsatz VI)
  • Rockets: 2 × 21 cm (8 in) Wfr. Gr. 21 rockets (G-6 with BR21)
  • Bombs: 1 × 250 kg (551 lb) bomb or 4 × 50 kg (110 lb) bombs or 1 × 300 litres (79 USgal)

AvionicsEdit

  • FuG 16Z radio

See alsoEdit

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