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Mk44 Bushmaster II
Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle
Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle with Mk44
Type Chain gun
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1972–present
Used by Belgian Army, Czech Army, Finnish Army, Irish Army, New Zealand Army & Navy, Norwegian Army, Polish Army, Portuguese Army, Singapore Army, Swiss Army, Royal Navy, United States Navy, United States Marine Corps
Production history
Designer Alliant Techsystems
Manufacturer Alliant Techsystems
Specifications
Weight 344 lb (160 kg)
Length 134.05 inches (3,405 mm)
Width 13.5 inches (340 mm)
Height 15.43 inches (392 mm)

Shell 30x173 mm
Caliber 30 millimetres (1.2 in) caliber
Rate of fire 200 rounds per minute
Muzzle velocity 1,080 metres per second (3,500 ft/s) (HEI-T ammunition)
Effective range 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) land appl. 5,100 metres (16,700 ft) naval appl.

The Mk44 Bushmaster II is a 30 mm chain gun manufactured by Alliant Techsystems. It is a derivative of the 25 mm M242 Bushmaster, and uses some 70% of the same parts as the M242 while increasing the firepower by as much as 50% with the 20% increase in caliber size. The barrel is chromium-plated for extended life. The gun uses standard GAU-8 Avenger ammunition that is available in API (Armor-Piercing Incendiary), HEI (High-Explosive Incendiary) and APFSDS-T (Armor-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot-Tracer) variants. One interesting possibility is the ability of the gun to be converted to a caliber of 40 mm, which involves changing the barrel and a few key parts, to use the so-called Super 40 cartridge. It can also be converted to use the 30x170 mm RARDEN cartridge.

File:Installing weapons on the USS San Antanio.jpg

The Bushmaster II is the standard primary armament of Bionix-II AFV currently in service with the Singapore Army, the KTO Rosomak in Polish service as well as that of the CV90 AFVs in Finnish, Norwegian and Swiss service. Although the United States Air Force selected this cannon to replace the 25 mm and 40 mm guns on its fleet of AC-130U gunships in 2007, this plan was later canceled.[1] The United States Marine Corps' Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle, which is presently undergoing tests and evaluations, is expected to be armed with this cannon as well. Some United States Navy vessels, such as the new San Antonio-class amphibious transport dock are armed with the Bushmaster II for surface threat defense.

The Bushmaster II is the gun used in the 30mm DS30M Mark 2 Automated Small Calibre Gun (ASCG) system that is being fitted to Royal Navy Type 23 frigates from 2007 onwards.[2]

FootnotesEdit

  1. "AIR FORCE CANCELS 30 MM CANNON PROGRAM FOR AC-130U GUNSHIPS - Inside the Air Force, 11 July 2008". Archived from the original on 2012-06-29. https://archive.is/RJi7. 
  2. Scott, Richard, ASCG enhances Type 23 close-in defence, International Defence Review, 30 October 2007.

See alsoEdit

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