No. 164 Squadron RAF was originally founded on 1 June 1918, but never received aircraft and was disbanded on 4 July 1918. The squadron was reformed at Peterhead, Aberdeenshire, on 6 April 1942, as a fighter squadron initially equipped with Spitfire Mk VAs, becoming operational in early May.
Around 600 Argentine volunteers, mostly of Anglo-Argentine descent, joined the British and Canadian Air Forces, many in the 164 Argentine-British RAF squadron, whose emblem featured an Argentine sun with a lion passant.
In January 1943 the squadron moved to South Wales to train as a ground-attack unit, where it was equipped with Hawker Hurricanes. Operations against enemy shipping and coastal targets began in June 1943.
After providing support for the landing forces from southern England, using Hawker Typhoons, the squadron moved to France in July 1944. During the Battle of Normandy, No.164 used its rockets against enemy armour in the battle area and after the breakout moved forward through northern France and Belgium in support of the 21st Army Group.
The squadron was renumbered No. 63 RAF Squadron on 31 August 1946.
|April 1942||September 1942||Supermarine Spitfire VA|
|September 1942||February 1943||Supermarine Spitfire VB|
|February 1943||May 1943||Hawker Hurricane IID|
|February 1943||February 1944||Hawker Hurricane IV|
|January 1944||May 1945||Hawker Typhoon IB|
|June 1945||July 1946||Supermarine Spitfire IX|
|July 1946||August 1946||Supermarine Spitfire LF XVIE|
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