|Place of birth||Chile|
United States of America|
|Unit||USS Santiago de Cuba|
American Civil War|
*Battle of Fort Fisher
Medal of Honor|
Navy Civil War Campaign Medal
Seaman Philip Bazaar, born in Chile, South America, was a Navy seaman who was awarded the United States' highest military decoration for valor in combat — the Medal of Honor — for having distinguished himself during the battle for Fort Fisher of the American Civil War.
Bazaar, a resident of Massachusetts, was a Chilean immigrant who joined the Union Navy at New Bedford, Massachusetts. Bazaar was assigned to the USS Santiago de Cuba during the American Civil War. Santiago de Cuba was a wooden, brigantine-rigged, side-wheel steamship under the command of Rear Admiral David D. Porter.
In the latter part of 1864, Union General Ulysses S. Grant ordered an assault on Fort Fisher, a stronghold of the Confederate States of America. It protected the vital trading routes of Wilmington's port, at North Carolina. Rear Admiral Porter was in charge of the naval assault and General Benjamin F. Butler was in charge of the land assault. After the failure of the first assault, Butler was replaced by Major General Alfred Terry. A second assault was ordered for January 1865. Bazaar was aboard the USS Santiago de Cuba and served in both assaults on the fort. On January 12, 1865, both ground and naval Union forces attempted the second assault. Bazaar and 5 other crew members, under the direct orders from Rear Admiral Porter, carried dispatches during the battle while under heavy fire from the Confederates to Major General Alfred Terry. Bazaar and his comrades were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions.
Medal of Honor citationEdit
Awards and decorationsEdit
Bazaar's awards and decorations include the following:
- List of Hispanic Medal of Honor recipients
- List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: A–F
- Hispanics in the American Civil War
- List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Second Battle of Fort Fisher
- Hispanics in the United States Navy
- "USS Santiago de Cuba (1861-1865)". Naval History & Heritage Command, Department of the Navy. http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-s/s-d-cuba.htm.
- "Medal of Honor citation for Philip Bazaar". HomeofHeroes.com. http://www.homeofheroes.com/moh/citations_1862_cwa/bazar_philip.html.
- "Fort Fisher: Last Major Stronghold of the Confederacy". North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. http://www.ego.com/us/nc/ilm/tts/ftfisher.htm.
- "Navy Medal of Honor: Civil War 1861-65". Naval History & Heritage Command, Department of the Navy. http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/moh/moh1.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-23.
- Gilberto Villahermosa (Sep 2002). "On the frontlines: America's Hispanics in America's wars". http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3723/is_200209/ai_n9107501.
- SFC Douglas Ide (September 1994). "Saluting Hispanic Soldiers" (– Scholar search). U.S. Army. pp. page 52. http://www.army.mil/soldiers/sept94/p52.html. [dead link]
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