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RAF High Wycombe

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RAF High Wycombe
125px
Station crest
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force
Service history
Active 1938–present{{{end_date}}}
Role Headquarters, RAF Air Command
Motto Latin: Non sibi
("Not for ourselves")
Colors Ensign of the Royal Air Force
Commanders
Insignia

RAF High Wycombe is a Royal Air Force station, situated in the village of Walters Ash, near High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire, England. It serves as the Headquarters of RAF Air Command, and was originally designed to house RAF Bomber Command in the late 1930s. The station is also the headquarters of the European Air Group.

The location of the station was originally suggested by Wing Commander Alan Oakeshott when the Air Ministry was seeking a new, secure, site for Bomber Command away from London. Wing Commander Oakeshott was killed in combat in 1942 and is commemorated on the Naphill war memorial and in the name of the station's welfare centre, opened in 2011.

The motto of RAF High Wycombe in Latin is 'Non Sibi', which translates as 'not for ourselves'.

HistoryEdit

ConstructionEdit

Prior to the outbreak of the Second World War, the Air Ministry sought a safe location for RAF Bomber Command away from London. The wooded area near Naphill, Walters Ash and Lacey Green was suggested by Wing Commander Alan Oakeshott as ideal for this purpose, since the trees could provide natural camouflage from the air.[1]

RAF High Wycombe - Tony Crowe

View across part of the station

Buildings were designed to resemble other uses, such as the Officers' Mess which was built to look like a manor house. The fire station was built with a tower to resemble a village church. Trees were preserved as much as possible to maintain the camouflage they provided. Roads were laid out so as to avoid most trees. The building work was carried out by John Laing and Son Ltd, with 400 workmen and 80 specialists involved. Tunnels were dug to connect each block on the station, linked to an Operations Block built 55 feet (17 m) below ground.[1]

To preserve secrecy, the station was known as "Southdown" in March 1940, as part of a directive by the Air Ministry. The site's postal address was given as "GPO High Wycombe.[2]

United States Army Air ForcesEdit

During the Second World War High Wycombe was used by the United States Army Air Forces. It was the home of the 325th Reconnaissance Wing from 9 August 1944 though 20 October 1945. The VIII Bomber Command Headquarters was at RAF Daws Hill, on the other side of High Wycombe near the M40. RAF Daws Hill was decommissioned in August 2007.

Cold WarEdit

Operationally during the Cold War the Director UKWMO would have been located at the United Kingdom Regional Air Operations Command (UK RAOC) within Strike Command's Operations Centre nuclear bunker at RAF High Wycombe to instigate the national Four minute air raid warnings, with the Deputy Director located at a standby UK RAOC, described at the time as being "elsewhere in the UK", but has since been revealed as being at Goosnargh near Preston within the UKWMO Western Sector nuclear bunker. Warnings were instantly distributed around the country by the HANDEL Warning Broadcast System via 250 Carrier Control Points located at major police headquarters and 17,000 WB400 (later WB1400) carrier receivers in armed forces headquarters, hospitals, post offices, Royal Observer Corps posts and private homes in remote rural areas where hand operated sirens replaced the power sirens in the urban towns.

In 1958, Headquarters, 7th Air Division of the Strategic Air Command, supporting SAC operations in UK relocated to High Wycombe from RAF South Ruislip, and commanded all SAC operations until 1965.

The station crest, incorporating a thunderbolt and two pillars to symbolise the support the station gave to Bomber Command, was approved on 23 November 1966. The station's title, Royal Air Force Station High Wycombe, was officially approved on 1 January 1969.[2]

From 1983 to 1984 there was a peace camp protesting against the building of a bunker there at that time to house strike command.[3]

PresentEdit

Walters Ash, Buckinghamshire - Oxfordshire Churches

Supermarine Spitfire IIa, P7666, EB-Z, "Observer Corps", the personal mount of Olympic Hurdler and OC, 41 Squadron, Sqn Ldr Don Finlay, 1940-41, is the gate guardian at RAF High Wycombe.

RAF High Wycombe is situated roughly three miles from the town of High Wycombe over three sites - No 1 Site houses the Command HQ and the Combined Air Operations Centre (CAOC- UK CAOC or CAOC 9), No 2 Site houses the officers' mess, while No 3 site is the domestic site, airmen and NCO's quarters, MT yard, PT flight and Supply Flight. There is a large bunker at the site near, the existence of which is officially classified, but which nevertheless is clearly visible on satellite photographs (e.g. Google Earth). An automatic weather station was installed in the complex in 1995 (WMO ID 03660) with an official station name of High Wycombe, HQAIR.

The site is a non-flying station and was home to RAF Strike Command before it became part of the newly formed RAF Air Command on 1 April 2007. Air Command is commanded by an Air Marshal. RAF High Wycombe is commanded by a Group Captain.

Since 2009, the station has been responsible for reviewing UFO sightings as part of efforts to identify any possible unauthorised military incursions into UK airspace. Civil servants tasked with reviewing such sightings relocated to the station from the Ministry of Defence Main Building in London.[4]

The Ministry of Defence and Serco Group agreed a ten-year contract in February 2010 whereby Serco would provide support services at RAF High Wycombe and RAF Halton, including leisure services, general engineering and catering.[5]

The actor David Jason officially opened the station's new welfare centre, named after Wing Commander Alan Oakeshott, in July 2011.[6]

An Armed Forces Community Covenant between the station and Wycombe District Council was signed on 16 April 2012, designed to strengthen the links between the military and the local community.[7] Personnel exercised the station's Freedom of Wycombe District on 29 May 2012, parading through Princes Risborough.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°40′26″N 0°47′50″W / 51.67389°N 0.79722°W / 51.67389; -0.79722{{#coordinates:51|40|26|N|0|47|50|W|type:landmark_scale:10000_region:GB }}

Template:USAF Bases in the UK

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