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The Raid on Pickawillany is a famous event in Ohio history, and one of the events that led to the French and Indian War.

On June 21, 1752, the Miami Indian village of Pickawillany was attacked by 240 French allied Ottawa and Ojibwa Indians led by the métis coureur de bois Charles Michel de Langlade. The purpose was to drive British traders out of the Ohio Country and to punish Miami Chief Old Briton for rejecting the French alliance and dealing with the British. The raid resulted in the deaths of at least one English trader and Old Briton. The French and Indians burned the English stockade and storehouse and sent the remaining traders fleeing back East.

Following the attack, the site was abandoned and never rebuilt. The village of Pickawillany was located near what is today the city of Piqua, Ohio.

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