Rank (or Rating) is a system of hierarchical relationships in armed forces or similar civil institutions. A person has authority over any person in the same force with a lower rank.
Ranking systems have been known for most of military history to be advantageous for military operations, in particular with regards to logistics, command, and coordination; as time continued and military operations became larger and more complex, military ranks increased and ranking systems themselves became more complex.
Within modern armed forces, the use of ranks is almost universal. Communist states have sometimes abolished rank (e.g. the Soviet Russian Red Army 1918–1935, the Chinese People's Liberation Army 1965–1988, and the Albanian Army 1966–1991) only to re-establish them after encountering operational difficulties of command and control.
|British Army, Royal Marines||OCdt||2LT||Lt||Capt||Maj||Lt Col||Col||Brig||Maj Gen||Lt Gen||Gen||FM||all|
|Royal Navy||O/C||Mid||SLt||Lt||Lt Cdr||Cdr||Capt||Cdre||RAdm||VAdm||Adm||AotF||all|
|US Army, USAF, USMC||Cadet||2LT||1LT||CPT||MAJ||LTC||COL||BG||MG||LTG||GEN||GA||all|
|US Navy & USCG||SR||SA||SN||PO3||PO2||PO1||CPO||SCPO||MCPO|
- Comparative Ranks
- British Armed Forces officer ranks & British Armed Forces enlisted rates
- US Military officer ranks & US Military enlisted rates
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