|Robert A. Pinn|
First Sergeant Robert Pinn
|Born||March 1, 1843|
|Died||January 5, 1911(aged 67)|
|Place of birth||Stark County, Ohio|
United States of America|
United States Army|
|Years of service||1863 - 1865|
|Unit||5th U.S. Colored Infantry Regiment|
American Civil War|
*Battle of Chaffin's Farm
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Robert A. Pinn (March 1, 1843 – January 5, 1911) was a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm.
Robert A. Pinn was one of only four Black Americans from Ohio to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor. Pinn was born on a Perry Township farm and the sixth of 10 children born to William and Zilphia Penn. He attended school and worked on the farm until he was 18.
Pinn joined the Army in Massillon, Ohio, and by September 29, 1864, he was serving as a First Sergeant in Company I of the 5th U.S. Colored Infantry Regiment, also known as the 127th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. On that day, his unit participated in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm in Virginia, and it was for his actions during the battle that he was awarded the Medal of Honor six months later, on April 6, 1865.
Pinn returned to Massillion after the war where he worked as a contractor and teamster. In 1874 he entered Oberlin College and after graduation served as principal of Cairo High School and taught school in South Carolina. After teaching, Pinn returned to Massillion and read in the law office of Robert H. Folger. Pinn was admitted to the Ohio bar in 1879.
Pinn was married to Emily J. Manzilla, (deceased 1890) and they had a daughter Gracie R. Pinn (deceased 1938). Pinn died at age 67 and was buried in Massillon City Cemetery, Massillon, Ohio.
In 1973, the Ohio National Guard named its new armory in Stow, Ohio, in his honor.
In 1998, the shooting facility at the University of Akron was renamed the Robert A. Pinn Shooting Range in his honor. The range, used by the university's ROTC component and NCAA rifle team, is one of the premier shooting facilities in the state of Ohio.
Medal of Honor citationEdit
Rank and Organization:
- First Sergeant, Company I, 5th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29, 1864. Entered service at: Massillon, Ohio. Born: March 1, 1843, Stark County, Ohio. Date of issue: April 6, 1865.
Took command of his company after all the officers had been killed or wounded and gallantly led it in battle.
- List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: M–P
- List of African American Medal of Honor recipients
- Melvin Claxton and Mark Puls, Uncommon valor : a story of race, patriotism, and glory in the final battles of the Civil War, (Wiley, 2006) (ISBN 0471468231)
- ↑ "Robert A. Pinn Shooting Range". University of Akron. 2009. http://www.gozips.com/SportSelect.dbml?SPSID=47211&SPID=4342&DB_OEM_ID=10800&ATCLID=323250. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
- ↑ "Civil War Medal of Honor recipients (M-Z)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwarmz.html. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- "Robert Pinn". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7784503. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- "Robert Pinn". Hall of Valor. Military Times. http://valor.militarytimes.com/recipient.php?recipientid=. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
- "PINN, ROBERT, Civil War Medal of Honor recipient". American Civil War website. 2007-11-08. http://americancivilwar.com/medal_of_honor7.html. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
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