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Royal Thai Army
Emblem of the Royal Thai Army
Emblem of the Royal Thai Army
Country Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
Allegiance HM The King
Service history
Active 1874
Size 250,000 [1]
Part of Royal Thai Armed Forces
Motto เพื่อชาติ ศาสน์ กษัตริย์ และประชาชน (For The Nation, Religions, King, and People)
Colors Red
Battles Franco-Siamese War
World War I
Franco-Thai War
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Cambodian–Thai border stand-off
2008–2010 Thai political crisis
Commanders
Commanders Prayuth Chan-ochaPhraya Phahol Pholphayuhasena
Plaek Pibulsonggram
Sarit Dhanarajata
Thanom Kittikachorn
Prem Tinsulanonda
Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
Suchinda Kraprayoon
Surayud Chulanont
Sonthi Boonyaratglin
Insignia
Insignia
Flag of the Royal Thai Army

The Royal Thai Army (Thai language: กองทัพบกไทย)

is the army of Thailand responsible for protecting its sovereignty. It is the oldest and largest branch of the Royal Thai Armed Forces. The army was formed in 1874, partly as a response to new security threats following the Bowring Treaty with Britain, which opened up the country for international trade.

HistoryEdit

Ram Khamhaeng the Great ruleEdit

Naresuan the Great ruleEdit

Taksin the Great ruleEdit

Command and controlEdit

The Royal Thai Army is commanded by the Commander of the Royal Thai Army (ผู้บัญชาการทหารบกไทย); the current Commander is General Prayuth Chan-ocha, who was confirmed by royal appointment to take over the top post effective 1 October 2010. The Royal Thai Army Headquarters is located in a building on Ratchadamnoen Nok Road in Bangkok, Thailand.

  • Commander-in-Chief: General Prayuth Chan-ocha
  • Deputy Commander-in-Chief: General Dapong Ratanasuwan
  • Assistant Commander-in-Chief: General Sirichai Distakul
  • Assistant Commander-in-Chief: General Jiradej Mokkhasmit
  • Chief of Staff of the Army: General Udomdej Sitabutr

A regiment (the 'Queen's Cobras') and later a division, then a brigade, served in South Vietnam from September 1967 to March 1972.[2]

List of CommandersEdit

StructureEdit

For the order of battle during the Japanese occupation of Thailand, refer to the Phayap Army.

The Royal Thai Army today is divided into four Army Areas:

  • Third Army (Thailand) – headquartered in Phitsanulok, responsible for the northern and northwestern parts of the kingdom.
    • 4th Infantry Division
    • 7th infantry division
    • 1st Cavalry Division
    • 3rd development division.
  • Fourth Army – headquartered in Nakhon Si Thammarat, responsible for southern Thailand, engaged in the South Thailand insurgency. U.S. State Department cables leaked by Wikileaks in 2006 said: 'Military forces totaling approximately 35,000 troops fall under the command of the 4th Army.. ..the 5th Inf Div and the 15th Development Division (three regiments) totaling approximately 20,000 troops are the main units of the 4th Army.' (06BANGKOK3196)
    • 5th Infantry Division (Thailand) (five regiments – Wikileaks 06BANGKOK3196)
    • 15th Infantry Division (Thailand) (Camp Queen Suriyothai, Nong Kae Hua Hin. Prachuap Khiri Khan province)
    • 4th Development Division. U.S. State Department cables leaked by Wikileaks in 2006 said: 'The Development Division is itself a traditionally "static unit" that provides engineering, construction and other support to local communities in the South. It is not formally charged with security operations. Indeed, Development Division officers were very proud in stating that they have better relations with the locals than other security elements—and have not been attacked while engaged in construction or relief efforts.'[3]

The creation of the 15th Infantry Division (Thailand) was announced in January 2005.[4] Defence Minister General Samphan Boonyanan was quoted as saying that the new unit, dubbed the "Development Division", would not be a combat unit for fighting Islamic militants, but rather its main mission would be to assist local citizens and develop the region. The military will not ignore its general function of providing safety for the citizens of the region, he added. He said that troops for the new division would undergo training to give them a good understanding of local residents, the vast majority of whom are ethnic Malay Muslims. The division is in fact a transformation of the Pran Buri-based 16th Infantry Division. It will now be headquartered at Ingkhayuthaborihan Camp in Pattani, complete with its battalions and companies of military police and communications and aviation personnel, he said. It will also have three separate infantry battalions, one each in Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat. Each battalion will include three companies of medical, engineering and psychological-warfare personnel, he said. The government will allocate a budget of more than 18bn baht for the division over the next four years.[5]

The International Crisis Group wrote in 2010 that '..The 15th Infantry Division is being established as a permanent force to handle security problems in the Deep South. The division is based in Pattani and is expected to have a combined force of around 10,000. The establishment of this new division, approved by the government in 2005, has yet to be completed. As of this writing, some 7,000 troops deployed in the Deep South are affiliated to this division.'[6]

Jane's Defence Weekly for 15 August 2012 said that two new combat formations had been approved by the previous Pheu Thai administration. The new 7th Infantry Division is based at Mae Rim, near Chiang Mai, and the new 3rd Cavalry Division is based at Khon Kaen.[7]

The Royal Guards (Thailand) form several separate regiments within these formations.

Tactical unitsEdit

Royal Thai Army soldiers in woods 2006

Thai and U.S. Army Soldiers practice tactical maneuvers during exercise Cobra Gold 2006 in Lop Buri.

The army is organized into the following formations:

  • 9 infantry divisions (including 16 tank battalions)
  • 1 armoured division
  • 3 cavalry division (a light armoured division)
  • 1 special forces division trained and geared for small unit special and airborne operations
  • 1 field artillery division
  • 1 air defense artillery division
  • 8 independent infantry battalions
  • 3 airmobile companies provided the ground force units with battlefield support

The Royal Thai Army also controls at least one television network, the Thai Global Network.

The Army Tactical Level Advanced Simulation (ATLAS) is an interactive, distributed, constructive simulation used to conduct military Command Post Exercises (CPX) within the RTA. ATLAS utilize a continuous terrain model, incorporates HLA 1516, and displays 1:250,000 1:50,000 and Satellite Imagery. ATLAS was developed between 2002 and 2005 through cooperation with RTA Command and General Staff College (CGSC).

AviationEdit

The Royal Thai Army is known to operate the following aircraft types:

OriginTypeQuantityRemarkPhoto
Flag of the United States.svg United States Bell AH-1F Huey Cobra 7 Serial numbers 9996, 9997, 9998. Serial number 9999 lost in 2001 crash. 4 more of the same model were ordered in 2005.[8] RTA also has another 3 AH-1F in storage for spare parts.[9]
Ah-1cobra 1
Flag of France.svg France Eurocopter Fennec AS550 C3 0 (+8) 8 on order
050618-Fennec-03
Flag of the United States.svg United States Bell 206 Jet Ranger 29 Both the Bell 206A and Bell 206B in use.
LAPD Bell 206 Jetranger
Flag of the United States.svg United States Bell UH-1H Iroquois 92 From US military aid during Vietnam War. Some were bought by RTA through Excess defense articles. Total delivered from 1968 to 2004: 174.[10] Less than 50% air-worthy. All operable UH-1Hs are used by 3 RTA airmobile companies.
RNZAF Iroquois 2009
Flag of the United States.svg United States Bell 212 54 Used by 1st Airmobile Co, 2nd Airmobile Co, 3rd Airmobile Co and Department of Army Transportation
Kachina-b212-N212KA-030909-02cr
Flag of the United States.svg United States Sikorsky UH-60L/M Blackhawk (S-70A-43) 9 L
0(+7)M
Serial numbers 6927, 6928, 6929, 7002, 7003, 7025, and 7026. 3 more UH-60Ls[11] and 3 more UH-60Ms[12] ordered Aug 2009 and Jul 2011, respectively. S-70A-43, serial number 6928 was lost in a crash on 17 Jul 2011. The government has also approved the purchase of 2 more UH-60Ms. 3 more S-70A (based on the UH-60L) arrived at the port of Laem Chabang on 8 Apr 2013. The serial numbers for these are 7220, 7221, and 7222. Acceptance and handover should be complete by 11 April
Blackhawk
Flag of the United States.svg United States UH-72A Lakota 0(+6) 6 on order
UH-72 Lakota2
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom AgustaWestland AW139 0(+2) 2 On Order for VIP transport.
Irish Air Corps AgustaWestland AW-139 Lofting
Flag of the United States.svg United States Boeing CH-47D Chinook 6 [8]
080301-F-2207D-394
Flag of Russia.svg Russia Mil Helicopters Mi-17-V5 3 (+2) 3 helicopters delivered by AN-124-100 RA-82078 to U-Tapao RTNS on 22 Feb 2011.A photo has appeared of Mi-17 serial number 6403 being offloaded from an AN-124. The serial numbers of the remaining two are 6401 and 6402.
Afghan MI-17 helicopters
Flag of the United States.svg United States Schweizer S-300C 54 For training and observation
Schweitzer 300CB Side View
Flag of the United States.svg United States Enstrom Enstrom 480B 16 For training
G-LADD-Enstrom480
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Embraer ERJ-135LR 2 Both aircraft delivered (serial numbers 0184/HS-AMP and 1124)
RAEerj145
Flag of Spain.svg Spain CASA C-212-300 Aviocar 2 Serial numbers 446 and 447 based with the VIP squadron at Don Mueang Airport. One of these airplanes is no longer in service.
VHVHA
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom British Aerospace Jetstream 41 2 Serial numbers 41060 and 41094. Based with the VIP unit at Don Mueang Airport.
Easternairways j41 g-majx arp
Flag of the United States.svg United States Beechcraft 1900C-1 2 Serial numbers 0169 and 0170. Based with the VIP unit at Don Mueang Airport.
Air Labrador Beech 1900D
Flag of the United States.svg United States Beechcraft 200 King Air 2 serial numbers 0342 and 1165. based within the Lop Buri Army complex.
Beechcraft b200 superkingair zk453 arp
Flag of the United States.svg United States Cessna T-41 Mescalero 22 Around 20–30 of these ex- US Army fixed-wing trainers still flying
USAF T-41D
Flag of the United States.svg United States Cessna U-17B Skywagon 14 Around 15–20 of these Vietnam-era FAC aircraft still flying
C-FFXO Cessna Skywagon II 185 (C185) 03
Flag of the United States.svg United States Maule MX-7 20 Around 15 still flying as liaison and trainer aircraft
Maule.m7-235b.arp
Flag of Israel.svg Israel IAI Searcher 7
IAI-Searcher1
Flag of the United States.svg United States AeroVironment RQ-11 Raven 12 (+120)
RQ-11 Raven 2

Known aviation basesEdit

Thaiarmy UH60L

Royal Thai Army : UH-60L Black hawk During air show at Don Mueang Air Force Base, Thailand.

Royal Thai Army MI-17 V5

Royal Thai Army : MI-17 V5 During air show at Don Mueang Air Force Base, Thailand.

  • Don Mueang Airport (VTBD)
    • Units here include the VIP squadron, flying1 Embrear ERL-135LR serial number 1084/HS-AMP and serial number 1124, 2 Jetstream 41 (serial numbers 41060 and 41094), 2 Casa 212–300 (serial numbers 446 and 447) and 2 Beech 1900C-1 (serial numbers 0169 and 0170) and the 1st Infantry Battalion operating 2 Bell 206B (serial numbers 4422 and 4448), 3 Schweizer S-300C (serial numbers 1340,1366 and 1367) and 2 Cessna U-17B FAC aircraft (serial numbers 1616 and 1617).
  • Bang Khen (3 km south of Don Mueang)
    • The Royal Squadron flies 3 Bell 212 and 2 Bell 412 (serial numbers 36332 and 36333) from here. There is also a special transport unit flying around 10–12 Bell 212 and 1 or 2 Bell 206 based here.
Thaiarmy UH60L engineoff

Royal Thai Army : UH-60L Black hawk during air show at Don Mueang Air Force Base, Thailand.

  • Camp Surasri
    • The 9th Infantry Battalion operates 2 Bell 206B (the serial number of 1 is 4424), and 2 or 3 Schweizer S-300C. There is also a detachment of UH-1H from an Air Mobility Company here.
  • Camp Jakapong (Prachin Buri)
    • The 2nd Infantry Battalion "The Queen's Guard" was operating 2 Bell 206B (serial numbers 4446 and 4361), 3 Schweizer S-300C (serial numbers 1343, 1344 and 1345) and 2 Maule MX-7 (one serial number known is 099) in 2004, however it is likely the Maule MX-7 may now not be operated by this unit now. A detachment of this unit (with in 1998 1 Bell 206 and 1 Maule MX-7) was operating from Watthana Nakhon (VTBW) near the Cambodian border.
Thaiarmy AH1F Cobra

Royal Thai Army : AH-1F Cobra attack helicopter during air show at Don Maung air force base, Thailand.

  • Phitsanulok Airport (VTPP)
    • Loc 16 degrees 46'58.58N,100 degrees 16'44.84E elevation 154 feet/47 meters.
    • Runway 14/32 length 9843 feetx148/3000x45 meters
    • Operating from here is the 4th Infantry Battalion with Bell 206B,Schweizer S-300C,Cessna U-17B and Maule MX-7.
  • Camp Suranaree (Khorat)
    • The main flying unit here is the 3rd Infantry Battalion flying 2 Bell 206B (serial numbers 4396 and 4447), 2 Schweizer S-300C (serial numbers 1337 and 1339) and 2 Cessna U-17B (serial numbers 1454 and 1618).
    • This field also hosts a detachment of up to 3 Bell 212 helicopters from one of the Air Mobility Companies.

Lop Buri, the main base complex of the Royal Thai Army Aviation, which includes training, technical school, aircraft maintenance and aircraft storage.

  • The main airfield here is called Sa Pran Nak (VTBH)
    • Loc 14 degrees 56'58.02N,100 degrees 38'34.88E elevation 95 feet/29 meters.
    • Runways 01/19 3300x98 feet/1006x30 meters and 06/24 3890x98 feet/1186/30 meters
    • Operating units here include
      • Gong Bin Bau – in English Light Aviation Company – operating Cessna U-17B, Cessna T-41 and Searcher MKII
      • Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Nung – in English Air Mobility Company 1 – operating Bell UH-1H and Bell 212
      • Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Song – in English Air Mobility Company 2 – operating Bell UH-1H (US Excess Defense Articles program)and Bell 212
      • Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Sam – in English Air mobility Company 3 – operating Bell UH-1H,Bell 206B,Bell AH-1F Huey Cobra(8) and Bell 212
      • Gong Bin Pee-ak Moon Tee Gou (pasom) – in English Air Mobility Company 9 (Mixed) – operating Bell UH-1H(US Excess Defense Articles program) and Sikorsky S-70-43 Black Hawk(6) with 6 more on order.
      • Gong Bin Sanub-sanoon Tua Pai – in English General Support Aviation Battalion – operating Boeing CH-47D Chinook, Bell UH-1H and Mil Mi-17V5
      • The army aviation centre is based here, which conducts conversion training for the army. Types operated are Cessna T-41B (ex US army surplus), Maule MX-7, Schweizar S-300C piston trainer helicopters.
      • The 2 former VIP Beechcraft 200 King Air airplanes, serial numbers 0342 and 1165 are also based here. Their present role is unknown. These airplanes were modified in the USA in the late nineties.

A separate airfield within the Lop Buri complex (only around 3 km south of Sa Pran Nak) houses the 5th aircraft maintenance Company. This unit is responsible for maintenance and storage of army aircraft and helicopters.

  • The 5th Infantry Division operates the following aviation assets from a small airfield within the army reserve at Nakhon si Thamarat (not at the airport),2 Bell 206B-3(serial numbers 4382 and 4427),3 Schweizer TH-300C(serial numbers 1371,1372 and 1373)and 2 Maule MX-7(serial numbers 114 and 115).A detachment of helicopters can be found here from the Air Mobility Companies based at Lop Buri.
  • The 6th Infantry battalion is based near Ubon Ratchatani.

Army Medical DepartmentEdit

Army Medical Department (กรมแพทย์ทหารบก) belongs to the service segment of the Royal Thai Army. It is responsible for medical affairs, providing medical services at its regular base or in the field, giving training to personnel in research and agriculture and supervising the medical divisions of different sectors of the Royal Thai Army. AMED observed 111 years of service in January 2011,[13] with 110 years of service having been honored by issue of a series of commemorative stamps.[14]

Rank and insigniaEdit

EquipmentEdit

Infantry weaponsEdit

Small armsEdit

Name Photo Type Caliber Origin Notes
M1911
Springfield Armory M1911A1
Semi-automatic pistol .45 ACP Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand/Flag of the United States.svg United States Thai M1911A1 pistols produced under license. Locally known as the Type 86 pistol (ปพ.86).
Beretta 92
Beretta 92 FS
Semi-automatic pistol 9x19mm Parabellum Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Heckler & Koch USP
HKUSP
Semi-automatic pistol .45ACP Flag of Germany.png Germany Used by Special forces.
Heckler & Koch MP5
MP5
Submachine gun 9x19mm Parabellum Flag of Germany.png Germany Used by Special forces.
UZI
Uzi 1
Submachine gun 9x19mm Parabellum Flag of Israel.svg Israel Used by Military police.
Heckler & Koch UMP
HKUMP45
Submachine gun 9x19mm Parabellum Flag of Germany.png Germany UMP9 submachine guns used by Special force.
FN P90
FN-P90 2
Submachine gun 5.7x28mm Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium FN P90 submachine guns used by Special force.
Heckler & Koch HK33
HK33A2 Flickr (yet another finn)
Assault rifle 5.56mm Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand/Flag of Germany.png Germany Thai license produced version of the Heckler & Koch HK33. Used by Royal Thai Armed Forces and Army Reserve Force Students.
Type 11 Assault rifle 5.56mm Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand The Type 11 (ปลย.11) is a bullpup assault rifle of Thai origin, manufactured by the Ministry of National Defence. The weapon is a derivative of the Heckler & Koch HK33 assault rifle.
IMI Tavor TAR-21[15][16]
Tavor-latrun-exhibition-1
Assault rifle 5.56mm Flag of Israel.svg Israel Standard infantry rifle for certain units.
M16A1/A2/A4
M16a1m16a2m4m16a45wi
Assault rifle 5.56mm Flag of the United States.svg United States Standard infantry rifle. Aging M16A1 will be replaced by IMI Tavor TAR-21 and M16A4.
CAR-15 Assault rifle 5.56mm Flag of the United States.svg United States
M4A1 Carbine
PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO
Assault rifle 5.56mm Flag of the United States.svg United States Used by Special forces, Some were equipped with SOPMOD kit.
Steyr AUG
AUG A1 508mm 04
Assault rifle 5.56mm Flag of Austria.svg Austria Used by Special forces.
Heckler & Koch G36
Domok g36
Assault rifle 5.56mm Flag of Germany.png Germany Used by Special forces.
SAR 21
SAR 21 RCF module
Assault rifle 5.56mm Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore Used by Special forces.
IMI Galil
IMI-Galil
Assault rifle 5.56mm Flag of Israel.svg Israel Used in small numbers.
Type 56/56-1
AK-47 and Type 56 DD-ST-85-01269
Assault rifle 7.62×39mm Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Used in small numbers mainly by the Thahan Phran. Former Thai Communist rifle.
M1 Garand
M1 Garand rifle - USA - 30-06 - Armémuseum
Semi-automatic rifle .30-06 Flag of the United States.svg United States Locally known as the Type 88 self-loading rifle (ปลยบ.88). Used by Royal Guards and by Army Reserve Force Students as a non-firing training rifle.
M1/M2 Carbine
M1 Carbine Mk I - USA - Armémuseum
Semi-automatic rifle .30 Flag of the United States.svg United States Locally known as the Type 87 carbine (ปสบ. 87) Used by Army Reserve Force Students as a non-firing training rifle.
M14 rifle
M14 rifle - USA - 7,62x51mm - Special presentation rifle, Serial No 0010 - Armémuseum
Sniper rifle 7.62mm Flag of the United States.svg United States
SIG-Sauer SSG 3000
SIG Sauer SSG 3000
Sniper rifle 7.62mm Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland
SR-25
SR-25 pic02
Sniper rifle 7.62mm Flag of the United States.svg United States
Heckler & Koch HK21
HK 21 LMG RIGHT SIDE
Light machine gun 5.56mm Flag of Germany.png Germany
FN MINIMI
M249 FN MINIMI DA-SC-85-11586 c1
Light machine gun 5.56mm Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium
IMI Negev[15]
IMI-Negev006a
Light machine gun 5.56mm Flag of Israel.svg Israel Over 1,500 purchased. Delivery is ongoing.
Type 56 LMG
LMG-RPD-44
Light machine gun 7.62x39mm Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Used in small numbers mainly by the Thahan Phran. Former Thai Communist machine gun.
FN MAG-58
Type 74 machine gun
General purpose machine gun 7.62mm Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium
M60
M60
General purpose machine gun 7.62mm Flag of the United States.svg United States
M2 Browning machine gun
Machine gun M2 1
Heavy machine gun 12.7mm Flag of the United States.svg United States Locally known as Type 93 machine gun (ปก.93). Use by infantry units and mobile vehicles and helicopter.
Type 54 HMG
12,7-мм станковый пулемёт ДШК образца 1938 года (3-1)
Heavy machine gun 12.7x108mm Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Mounted on Type 69 and Small number of V-150

Rocket, grenade, and missile systemsEdit

Name Photo Type Quantity Origin Notes
M203
M203 1
Underbarrel Grenade launcher Flag of the United States.svg United States
M79
M79 afmil
Single-shot Grenade launcher Flag of the United States.svg United States
BTS-203 Single-shot Grenade launcher Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
Mk 19 AGL
MK19-02
Automatic grenade launcher Flag of the United States.svg United States
Type 56 RPG
RPG2 and PG2 TBiU 37
Rocket-propelled grenade Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Used in small numbers mainly by the Thahan Phran. Former Thai Communist shoulder-fired missile .
Type 69 RPG
DN-SD-06-16156
Rocket-propelled grenade Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Used in small numbers mainly by the Thahan Phran. Former Thai Communist shoulder-fired missile .
M72A5 LAW
66 kertasinko 75
Shoulder-fired missile Flag of the United States.svg United States
Carl Gustav M3
Carl Gustav recoilless rifle
recoilless rifle Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
M47 Dragon
Dragon 04
Anti-Tank Guided Missile 500 Flag of the United States.svg United States
BGM-71 TOW
Hires 090509-A-4842R-001a
Anti-tank guided missile Flag of the United States.svg United States
M40A2
Rcl106lat2
recoilless rifle Flag of the United States.svg United States
HN-5A[17] Man-portable air defense system 90 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
9K38 Igla-S
IGLA-S MANPADS at IDELF-2008
Man-portable air defense system 48 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union Part of order placed in 2010.[17]
SPADA
Aspide launch
Surface-to-air missile 8 Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Starstreak
Starstreak launcher on Dartmoor
Surface-to-air missile Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 8 Ordered in 2012[18]
Buk missile system
9K37 Buk M1 SA-11 Gadfly
Surface-to-air missile 0(+2) Flag of Russia.svg Russia
1 of Southeast of asia to offers[19]
HQ-9
Chinese HQ-9 launcher
Surface-to-air missile ?? Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China

Offers[20]

VehiclesEdit

Utility vehicles and prime moversEdit

Name Photo Type Quantity Origin Notes
Humvee[17]
US Navy 060322-N-5438H-018 U.S. Army soldiers assigned to the Bravo Battery 3rd Battalion 320th Field Artillery Regiment along with Iraq Army soldiers from the 1st Battalion 1st Brigade 4th Division perform a routine patrol
Utility vehicle +1200 Flag of the United States.svg United States RTA use M998,M1038A1,M1097A1,M1037,M1042,M1025,M1026A1,M966,M997,M997A2.
M151
JeepFrontM151
Utility vehicle +550 Flag of the United States.svg United States RTA use M151A2,M718A1,M825.
Type50(M50) Utility vehicle +2200 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
TR MUV4 Utility vehicle +3 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
M813
REFORGER 1991, M54 Truck unloading
Prime Mover +500 Flag of the United States.svg United States RTA use M54,M54A2,M51A1,M51A2,M52,M52A1,M52A2,M246,M543,M543A2,M813,M813A1,M820A2,M817,M818,M816.
M35 2-1/2 ton cargo truck
M35
Prime Mover +2000 Flag of the United States.svg United States RTA use M35,M35A1,M35A2,M50A2,M50A3,M49A1,M49A2,M109A3,M185A1,M292A2,M275,M36A2.
Isuzu Prime Mover +2000 Flag of Japan.svg Japan/Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand RTA use Isuzu FTS 800 4x4, FTS 33 H2E 4x4,
UNIMOG
S404-300TDI-erg-chebbi
Prime Mover +1500 Flag of Germany.png Germany RTA use U1100/L 4x4,U1550 4x4,U2450/L 6x6,U2405 6x6.
LMTV
M1088 of 260th QM Bn
Prime Mover +750 Flag of the United States.svg United States Thai Army have 4 series of LMTV are M1083,M1085,M1088 and M1089.
M911
HET tractor
HETS N/A Flag of the United States.svg United States
kraz
Kraz255b
Utility vehicle +50 Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine

Armoured fighting vehiclesEdit

Name Photo Type Quantity Origin Notes
T-84 Oplot-M Main Battle Tank 5[21](+49) Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine Up to 200 may be acquired. First order of 49 tanks was placed in Sep 2011 although there are no official announcements from the Royal Thai Army. So far, the government has just approved 7.155 billion baht to purchase the first 49 T-84 Oplot main battle tanks to be assigned to the 2nd Cavalry Bn (Royal Guard at Fort Chakkraphongse, Prachinburi), the 4th Cavalry Bn (Royal Guard at Kiakkai, Bangkok), the 8th Cavalry Bn (Fort Suranari, Nakhon Ratchasima), and the 9th Cavalry Bn (Fort Ekathotsarot, Phitsanuloke).[22] 5 to be delivered in December 2013, 10 will deliver in March 2014.[23][24][25]
M60A1/A3 Main Battle Tank 53 A1
125 A3
Flag of the United States.svg United States Ex-US Army 53 M60A1 RISE Passive and 125 M60A3 TTS.
M48A5 Patton
M48A1-Patton-tank
Main Battle Tank 105 Flag of the United States.svg United States
Stingray Light tank 106 Flag of the United States.svg United States
M41A3
BKK24090618
Light Tank 200 Flag of the United States.svg United States
FV101 Scorpion CVR(T)
FV101 Scorpion Iraq 1991
Light tank 128 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
BTR-3E1
BTR3
Armoured personnel carrier 96(+121) Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine 96 ordered in 2008. Deliveries was delayed due to changes in engine and transmission. Additional 6 gifted by the Ukrainian Government. Second order of 121 announced in Aug 2011.[26][27] Third order of 21 announced in August 2013.[28]
Reva
Reva APC
Armoured personnel carrier 85 Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Mine-protected vehicle.
First Win Armoured personnel carrier 21(+50) Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Mine-protected vehicle.
Type 85
ChineseType85C2Veh
Armoured personnel carrier 396 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Variants include: APC, ACV,SPM 120mm, SPM 81mm, SPRL. Six of them are fitted with Type 82 multiple rocket launcher.
M113A1/A2/A3
US M113 in Samarra Iraq
Armoured personnel carrier 500+ Flag of the United States.svg United States Overall there are 500+ M113 in different variants. 450+ of M113A1/A2/A3 are armored personnel carrier. 6 of M113A2 are fitted with TOW 1 anti-tank missile. 23 of them are M577 command vehicles. 10 of M113A3 are recovery vehicles. 9 M113A3s are ambulances.
M125 Mortar carrier Unknown Flag of the United States.svg United States Fitted with 81 mm M29 mortar and a 12.7 mm machine gun.
M106A1/A2
M106 mortar carrier outline
Mortar carrier Unknown Flag of the United States.svg United States Fitted with 107 mm M30 mortar and a 12.7 mm machine gun.
M901A3
M901-TOW-latrun-2
Tank destroyer 18 Flag of the United States.svg United States
V-150 Commando
Cadillac Gage V-150 do Exército português
Armoured car 113 Flag of the United States.svg United States Variants include: 27 of V-150 are armored personnel carrier. 29 of V-150 are 81mm. mortar carrier. 56 of V-150 are fitted with 90mm turret. and one V-150 are ambulances.
V-100 Commando
Cadillac Gage Commando
Armoured car 19+ Flag of the United States.svg United States

Support VehicleEdit

Name Photo Type Quantity Origin Notes
M992
M992A2 FAASV
Ammunition Resupply Vehicle 20 Flag of the United States.svg United States Use for resupplying the M109A5 howitzer.
Type 84 AVLB
Bundeswehrmuseum Dresden 68
Armoured vehicle-launched bridge 4 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Base on the Type 69 MBT. 18m long mobile bridge.
M881A1/A2 Hercules
M88 Armored Recovery Vehicle in pm
Armored recovery vehicle 22 Flag of the United States.svg United States
Type 653
Chinese Type 653 ARV 2
Armored recovery vehicle 16 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
M578 LRV
M558
Armored recovery vehicle Unknown Flag of the United States.svg United States
FV106 Samson
Samson CVR(T) ARV
Armored recovery vehicle Unknown Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
FV105 Sultan
Royal Army FV105 Sultan IFOR
Armored Command Vehicle Unknown Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Bronco ATTC
NDP2010 CR3 Bronco ATTC 1
All-Terrain Tracked Vehicles Unknown Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore Troop carrier variant. Used by Engineer.

ArtilleryEdit

Howitzer,multiple rocket launcher,mortarEdit

Name Photo Type Quantity Origin Notes
L119
Australian gunners Afghanistan March 2009
105 mm towed howitzer 22 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom/Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Thai L119 Light Gun produced under license.
LG1 Mk II
Giat LG-1
105 mm towed howitzer 24 Flag of France.svg France
M56
Spanish-marines-man-105mm-howitzer-19811001
105 mm towed Howitzer 12 Flag of Italy.svg Italy
M101A1 mod
M101-105mm-howitzer-camp-pendleton-20050326
105 mm towed howitzer 285 Flag of the United States.svg United States 285 guns Improve the Nexter LG1 caliber
M102
M102 howitzer
105 mm towed howitzer 12 Flag of the United States.svg United States in reserve.
M618A2 105 mm towed howitzer 32 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand in reserve.
M425 105 mm towed howitzer 12 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand in reserve.
Type 59-1
130-мм пушка М-46 образца 1953 года (1)
130 mm towed howitzer 18 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China in reserve.
GHN-45
GHN-45rear
155mm towed howitzer 92 Flag of Austria.svg Austria
Soltam M-71
M-71-cannon-deployed
155mm towed howitzer 32 Flag of Israel.svg Israel undergoing Upgrade to Self-Propelled Howitzer
M198
4-14 Marines in Fallujah
155 mm towed howitzer 116 Flag of the United States.svg United States
M114
USArmy M114 howitzer
155 mm towed howitzer 20 Flag of the United States.svg United States total 56 in service. 20 active and 36 Decommission in 2013.replaced by M198 howitzer.
M425 105 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer 0(+9) Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
CAESAR
CAESAR-openphotonet PICT6026
155 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer 6 Flag of France.svg France
ATMOS 2000
Atmos 2000
155 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer 0(+6) Flag of Israel.svg Israel/Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Thai ATMOS 2000 produced under license.[29]
M109A5
Artillery Corps Fires Practice Cannon3
155 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer 20 Flag of the United States.svg United States
SR4 122 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher 4 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
Type 82 130 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher 6 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Mounted on Type 85 hulls.
HIMARS
HIMARS - missile launched
227 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher 0(+3) Flag of the United States.svg United States
WS-1B 302 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher 9 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Thai get broadcasting technology.
DTI-1 302 mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher 2 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Adapted by Thailand's Defense Technology Institute, Royal Thai Army as DTI-1.The rocket was mounted on Volvo FM-400 6x6.
M2 mortar
M2-Mortar
60 mm Mortar Flag of the United States.svg United States
M19 mortar 60 mm Mortar Flag of the United States.svg United States
M121A1/A2 mortar 60 mm Mortar Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
M121A3 Commando mortar 60 mm Mortar Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
M1 mortar
"Members of a Negro mortar company of the 92nd Division pass the ammunition and heave it over at the Germans in an almos - NARA - 535546
81 mm Mortar Flag of the United States.svg United States
M29 mortar
Mortar M29
81 mm Mortar Flag of the United States.svg United States
M221A2 mortar 81 mm Mortar Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
M132A1 mortar 120 mm Mortar Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand

Anti-aircraft artilleryEdit

Name Photo Type Quantity Origin Notes
M163 VADS
M163 VADS
20 mm Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 24 Flag of the United States.svg United States
M167 VADS 20 mm towed anti-aircraft gun 24 Flag of the United States.svg United States
Bofors L60/70
Bofors-p004596
40mm towed anti-aircraft gun 72 L60
86 L70
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
M3 Half-track
M3 Half Track, Thunder Over Michigan 2006
4 M2HB machine guns 72 Flag of the United States.svg United States M16 MGMC Series
M55 Quadmount
Montaje Maxon
4 M2HB machine guns 24 Flag of the United States.svg United States
Type 59
S-60-57mm-hatzerim-1
57 mm towed anti-aircraft gun 24 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
M42 Duster
M42-Duster-latrun-1
Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 24 Flag of the United States.svg United States

Air search radarEdit

Name Photo Type Quantity Origin Notes
Siemens DR-172 ADV Medium range air search radar 4 Flag of the United States.svg United States 1 system with 1 army area.
Lockheed Martins LAADS Mobile Short range air search radar 10 Flag of the United States.svg United States Use Supports M163 VADS,M167 VADS and Bofors L70.
Type 513 Short range air search radar 3 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Use Supports Type 59.

Artillery-locating radarEdit

Name Photo Type Quantity Origin Notes
AN/TPQ-36(V)11
AN TPQ-36
Firefinder radar 5 Flag of the United States.svg United States
ARTHUR
ARTHUR in position
Firefinder radar 0(+2) Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 2 Ordered in 2013.

Future procurementEdit

Army AviationEdit

  • UH-60 Black Hawk – On 6 August 2009, the US Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress of a possible foreign military sale to the Government of Thailand of three Black Hawk helicopters and associated equipment and logistic support for an estimated cost of $150 million.[30]
  • VIP/Medivac aircraft – The Royal Thai Army signed a contract with Embraer to purchase an ERJ-135 for VIP transport use.[31] On 12 January 2009, Royal Thai Army signed a second contract to buy another aircraft with VIP and Medivac capability.[32]

Future developmentEdit

Armoured vehicles
  • Tiger I armored car – The Armored car type 8X8 by Chaiseri Metal & Rubber Company.[33]
  • Black Widow Spider armored car – The Armored car type 8X8 by Defense Technology Institute and Preechathavorn Industry do joint venture.[34]
  • First Win-E - Armored car undergoing development from First Win's prototype by Chaiseri Metal & Rubber Company, to replace Humvee in future. RTA source said they are very interest in this version of First Win.[citation needed]
Small Arms
Artillery
  • DTI-1G - The 302 mm Guided Multiple rocket launcher by Defense Technology Institute. Based on DTI-1, will have a firing test in Andaman Sea and commission in 2014 or 2015.[citation needed]
  • DTI-2 – The 122 mm Multiple rocket launcher by Defense Technology Institute.[citation needed]
  • Under the 105 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer plan by Defense Technology Institute.[citation needed]
  • Under the 155 mm Self-Propelled Howitzer plan by Defense Technology Institute.[citation needed]
Missiles
  • DTI-2G – The Surface-to-air missile by Defense Technology Institute.[citation needed]
  • Under the Cruise missile ground attack and anti-ship plan by Defense Technology Institute.[citation needed]
  • Under the Man-portable air-defense systems plan by Defense Technology Institute.[citation needed]
  • Under the Anti-tank guided missile plan by Defense Technology Institute.[citation needed]
Army Aviation

Development equipmentEdit

Name Origin Type Notes
Dragon I rifle Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Assault rifle
Tiger I armored car Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Armored car
Black Widow Spider armored car Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Armored car
DTI-1G Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Multiple rocket launcher
DTI-2 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Multiple rocket launcher
DTI-2G Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Surface-to-air missile
UAV RD01 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Unmanned aerial vehicle
Black Kite UAV Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand/Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Unmanned aerial vehicle

History equipmentEdit

NameCountry of OriginTypeServiceQuantityNote
Infantry weapons
Type 45 Siamese Mauser Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Rifle 1903-?  ?
Type 38 Arisaka Flag of Japan.svg Japan Rifle 1934-?  ?
Type 99 Arisaka Flag of Japan.svg Japan Rifle 1940-?  ?
Type 66 Flag of Japan.svg Japan Rifle 1923-?  ?
Spring Field United States Rifle 1923-?  ?
Lee Metfort Model 1888 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Rifle  ?  ?
Lee-Enfield Mark 3 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Rifle  ?  ?
Nambu pistol Flag of Japan.svg Japan Semi-automatic pistol  ?-?  ?
Rung Paisarn RPS-001 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Assault rifle 1986-?  ?
MP 18 Flag of the German Empire.svg German Empire Submachine gun  ?-?  ?
M1A1 Thompson United States Submachine gun 1945-?  ?
Type 66 Flag of Denmark Denmark General purpose machine gun 1923-?  ?
M1918 BAR United States Light machine gun 1945-?  ?
M1917 United States Heavy machine gun 1923-?  ?
Type 77 Vicker Armstong Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Heavy machine gun 1934-?  ?
Type 80 ? Heavy machine gun 1937-?  ?
Type 25 Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand Rocket launcher 1982-?  ? 73 mm anti-tank rocket launcher.
M18 United States recoilless rifle  ?-?  ? 57 mm. recoilless rifle.
M20 United States recoilless rifle  ?-?  ? 75 mm. recoilless rifle.
FIM-43 Redeye United States Man-portable air defense system  ?-?  ?
Vehicles
Carden Loyd Mark VI Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Tankette 1930-1952 10
Carden Loyd Mark VI Modified Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Tankette 1934-1952 30
Carden Loyd 6 Ton Mark E Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Light tank 1934-1952 10
Carden Loyd A4 E12 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Amphibious light tank 1933-1952 2
Vickers 6-Ton Type B Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Light tank 1938-1952 8
Type 95 Ha-Go Flag of Japan.svg Japan Light tank 1940-1952 50
Renault U.E. Flag of France.svg France Light tank 1940-? 5
M24 Chaffee United States Light tank 1952-1962 20
Staghound Mark 1 United States Armored car 1949-1972 48
M4 Morris United States Armored car 1931-1952 6
M8 Greyhound United States Armored car 1957-1973 25
Bren Gun Carrier Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Armored personnel carrier 1944-? 118
Type 69-ll Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Main battle tank 1987-2004 100+
Artillery
Bofors L/24 Model 1934 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 150mm. Field gun 1936-? 8
Bofors L/22 Model 1936 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 105mm. Field gun 1938-? 20
Bofors L/42 Model 1934 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 105mm. Field gun 1935-? 4
Bofors L/40 Model 1934 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 75mm. Field gun 1938-? 52
Type 63 Field gun Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand 75mm. Field gun 1920-?  ?
Krupp L/30 Model 1903 Flag of the German Empire.svg German Empire 75mm. Field gun 1908-?  ?
Bofors L/20 Model 1929 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 75mm. Mountain gun 1934-? 8
Type 49 Krupp Flag of the German Empire.svg German Empire 50mm. Mountain gun 1906-1922  ?
Type 77 Bofors Model 1934 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 47mm./75mm. Dual purpose gun 1934-? 32
M1A1 United States 75mm. Pack howitzer 1954-?  ?
Type 76 Vicker Armstrong Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom 40mm. Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 1933-? 26
Bofors L/50 Model 1930 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 75mm. Anti-aircraft gun 1934-? 18 8 ordered in 1934 and 10 ordered in 1937.
Type 97 90 mm Flag of Japan.svg Japan Mortar 1941-?  ?
Type 97 81 mm Flag of Japan.svg Japan Mortar  ?  ?
Type 11 70 mm Flag of Japan.svg Japan Mortar  ?  ?
Brandt 60mm Flag of France.svg France Mortar 1935-?  ?
Aviation
L-19 A Bird Dog United States Observation aircraft 1956-? 100+
L-20 Beaver United States Utility aircraft 1958-? 4
PC-6 Porter United States Utility aircraft 1977-? 6
C-47 Dakota United States transport aircraft  ? 3
SHORT-330 United States transport aircraft  ? 2
OH-13 Sioux United States Light observation helicopter 1974-? 12
KV-4 Flag of Japan.svg Japan Light observation helicopter 1963-? 6
TH-55 A Osage United States trainer helicopter 1974-? 25
S-55 United States Utility helicopter 1958-? 5
S-62 Flag of Japan.svg Japan Utility helicopter  ? 1
Bell 214 B United States Utility helicopter  ? 3
Bell 214 ST United States Utility helicopter 1984-? 3
CH-47 A Chinook United States Transport helicopter 1972-? 4
KV-107 lll Flag of Japan.svg Japan Cargo helicopter  ? 3

BroadcastingEdit

Radio and Television channel listEdit

Free-to-airEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. GlobalSecurity.org
  2. Stanton, 'Vietnam Order of Battle,' 270–271.
  3. 06BANGKOK3883, 'Southern Violence: The army takes the lead,' 30 June 2006, para 8.
  4. Robert Karniol, 'Thailand boosts military in troubled south,' Jane's Defence Weekly, 23 February 2005, Vol. 42, No. 8, p.12
  5. Asia Africa Intelligence Wire, New Thai army regiment to battle southern militants [sic – this is a division], BBC Monitoring International Reports, 16 February 2005.
  6. International Crisis Group, 'Update Briefing: Stalemate in Southern Thailand,' Asia Briefing No. 113, Bangkok/Brussels, 3 November 2010, 3
  7. Interview: Sukumpol Suwanatat, Air Chief Marshal and Minister of Defence, JDW 15 August 2012, Vol. 49, Issue 33, 34.
  8. 8.0 8.1 http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php
  9. http://www.army.mil/article/46906
  10. http://www.thai-aviation.net/files/Army.pdf
  11. http://www.dsca.mil/PressReleases/36-b/2009/Thailand_09-49.pdf
  12. http://www.dsca.mil/PressReleases/36-b/2011/Thailand_11-28.pdf
  13. 111 Years
  14. "110 Years of Army Medical Department, RTA. Commemorative Stamps". Catalog. SiamStamp. 25 November 2009. http://www.siamstamp.com/catalogue/index.php?id=888. Retrieved 18 February 2011. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Patrick Winn (12 September 2009). "Thailand Plans $191.3M Arms Purchase". http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=3722292&c=ASI&s=LAN. 
  16. "Cabinet nod for buying Israeli rfiles". Bangkok Post. 15 September 2009. http://www.bangkokpost.com/breakingnews/154451/cabinet-nod-for-buying-israeli-rifles. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 "SIPRI Trade Register". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php. 
  18. Royal Thai Army selects STARStreak – Armyrecognition.com, 16 November 2012
  19. http://www.roe.ru/eng_pr/eng_pr_13_11_01_a.htm - www.roe.ru,1 of Southeast of asia to offers 1 November 2013
  20. http://chinesemilitaryreview.blogspot.com/2013/11/china-offers-fd-2000-hq-9-fk-1000-and.html
  21. Thai army takes delivery of the first five Ukrainian made T-84 Oplot main battle tanks - Armyrecognition.com, 20 October 2013
  22. "Ukraine's state arms exporter presents to Thai army officials first production of T-84 Oplot tank". Jul 11, 2013. http://www.armyrecognition.com/july_2013_news_defence_security_industry_military/ukraines_state_arms_exporter_presents_to_thai_army_officials_first_production_t-84_oplot_tank_11071.html. 
  23. http://vesti.ua/harkov/21014-v-harkove-pokazali-pervye-oploty-dlja-tailanda
  24. "Thai army takes delivery of the first five Ukrainian made T-84 Oplot main battle tanks.". October 20, 2013. http://www.armyrecognition.com/october_2013_defense_industry_military_news_uk/thai_army_takes_delivery_of_the_first_five_ukrainian_made_t-84_oplot_main_battle_tanks_2010132.html. 
  25. "Ukraine has delivered the first batch of five Oplot main battle tank to Thailand". November 20, 2013. http://www.armyrecognition.com/november_2013_defense_industry_military_news_uk/ukraine_has_delivered_the_first_batch_of_five_oplot_main_battle_tank_to_thailand_1011131.html. 
  26. http://www.armyrecognition.com/august_2011_news_defense_army_military_industry_uk/thailand_will_buy_121_additional_btr-3e1_armoured_vehicles_personnel_carrier_from_ukraine_0708111.html
  27. Ukrspetsexport Ready to Deliver the Next 22 BTR-3E1 to Thailand
  28. Thailand; Third batch Ukrainian BTR ordered - Dmilt.com, 3 Aug 2013
  29. [1]
  30. DSCA UH-60L Black Hawk Helicopter
  31. Embraer Press Release Embraer sign contracts with the Royal Thai Army and the Royal Thai Navy
  32. Flight International Thailand buys third ERJ-135
  33. [2] Chaiseri Tiger I prototype armored car type 8X8
  34. [3] DTI - Preechathavorn Industry prototype armored car type 8X8
  35. [4] Black Kite UAV

External linksEdit

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