The Russian Ground Forces are the land forces of the Russian Federation.
It was formed from parts of the collapsing Soviet Army in 1992. This in turn, posed many economic challenges coupled with reforms to professionalize the force during the transitional phase that Russia had to endure due to the collapse of the Soviet Union. While the Russian Ground Forces in their present form are only 15 years old, Russian officials trace their antecedents' history through the Imperial Russian era back to the time of Kievan Rus.
Since 1992 the Ground Forces have had to withdraw many thousands of troops from former Soviet garrisons abroad, while being extensively committed to the Chechen wars, and peacekeeping and other operations in the Soviet successor states (what is known in Russia as the "near abroad"). Most recently they clashed with Georgian forces in August 2008.
The ground forces organizationally consist of the military districts (Moscow Military District, Leningrad, North Caucasus, Volga-Ural, Siberian and Far Eastern), eight army headquarters, one army corps headquarters (the 68th in the Far East), tank divisions, motorized rifle divisions, artillery divisions, fortified districts, individual military units, military establishments, enterprises and organizations. The current Siberian Military District was formed by the amalgamation of the Siberian and Transbaikal Military Districts in 1998, and the Volga and Urals Military Districts were amalgamated in 2001.
Ranks and InsigniaEdit
The newly reemergent Russia retained most of the ranks of the Soviet Army with some minor changes. The principal difference from the usual Western style is some variation in generals' rank titles, in one case at least, Colonel General, derived from German usage. Most of the rank names were borrowed from existing German/Prussian, French, English, Dutch and Polish ranks upon the formation of Russian regular army in the late 1600s, and have lasted with few changes of title through the Soviet period.
The Russian Ground Forces is one of the most well equipped armies in the world. However most of it is old Soviet equipment. The main service rifle is the AK-74M that was nearly replaced by the AN-94 Abakan, but eventually fell out of favor. The Kalashnikov AK-12 will be a new assault rifle of Russian Ground Forces in 2014. Russian main service sniper rifles are the legendary Dragunov and SV-98.The main service LMGs are RPK-74M,PKM, PKP Pecheneg.The legendary RPG-7,RPG-16,RPG-29,RPG-32,RPO Schmel are main service rocket launchers.
It is the only army in the world that uses two types of main battle tanks,the gas turbine T-80, and the diesel powered T-90. Other types in service include the T-62, T-64, T-72 and their versions, and even the T-55.There are 500 T-90A,4000 T-80U,500-T-80,9000 T-72B,2000 T-72 in regular service.All T-64,T-62,T-55 MBT are in storage.In 2013 start of complete utilization program. A future main battle tank the T-99 is still under going development in Russia.First prototype will be test in 2013. Russia has over 22,000 tanks.It is the largest tank forces in the world.
Russian artillery is the strongest in the world.There are more than 3000 howitzers in service,most of them are from Soviet Union.About 5000 self-propelled artillery are in service in Russian Ground Forces.Main service Russian multiple rocket launchers are BM-21 Grad(3182),BM-27 Uragan(900),BM-30 Smerch(106),TOS-Buratino(15)and 9A52-4 Tornado(24).
Russian Air Defense Force,can be the strongest one in the world.It has a very large number of air defense vehicles.There are more than 2100 Air Defense vehicle in Russian Ground Forces.There are two main types of SAM in Russia Ground Forces:S-400 Triumph(106),S-300(921).Other types in service include 9K331M Tor(148),9K35M Strela(358),9K33 Osa(294) and many others.
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