248,158 Pages

Scott S. Haraburda
Colonel Scott S. Haraburda, Commander, 464th Chemical Brigade.jpg
464th Chem. Bde command photo, April 2006
Alma mater Central Michigan Univ (BS)
Mich State Univ (MS,PhD)
Military career
Allegiance Flag of the United States.svg United States of America
Service/branch U.S. Army
Chemical Branch Insignia Chemical Corps
Years of service 1981-2010
Rank US-O6 insignia Colonel
Commands held 472dChemBnDUI 472d Chem Bn
464ChemBdeSSI 464th Chem Bde
Battles/wars Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary ribbon GWOT - Kuwait
Awards Legion of Merit ribbon Legion of Merit
Meritorious Service ribbon Meritorious Svc Med

Scott S. Haraburda is a soldier, engineer and inventor. In addition to making key contributions to the development of heat exchangers and spacecraft propulsion, he led a team of military officers in 2007 to Kuwait to correct many of the contingency contracting problems identified by the Gansler Commission. He is known nationally as the president of the Indiana Society of Professional Engineers who led the opposition to a state governmental panel recommendation in 2015 to eliminate licensing of engineers in Indiana.



Army Science Board Meeting February 2005

Army Secretary Harvey (center) presents an award to Dr. Tegnelia (left) as LTC Haraburda (right) reads the citation in 2005. (ASB Photo Archives.)

Colonel Scott S. Haraburda spent nearly three decades serving in the US Army, providing significant contributions to military logistics, CBRNE defense, and military science. In 1991 while he was teaching chemistry at the United States Military Academy, the Army Astronaut Nomination Selection Board nominated Haraburda as a NASA astronaut candidate.[1] A few years later by means of a competitive selection at the rank of Major, he served as a representative of the United States to Germany in 1995 through the Army Reserve’s Foreign Exchange Program with the Bundeswehr, Germany’s army.[2] In 2005, he served as the Executive Secretary of the Army Science Board, helping its distinguished members of corporate executive managers, senior academians, and retired military flag officers formulate recommendations to scientific and technological matters of concern to the Army.[3]

Military LogisticsEdit

In late 2007, Colonel Haraburda deployed to Kuwait for a year to help correct the contingency contracting problems plaguing the war zone. The Army deployed him to Camp Arifjan to lead a small military team of logistics officers in applying the LOGCAP methods as part of the Gansler Report's second recommendation solution.[lower-alpha 1]

CBRNE DefenseEdit

As the commander of the 472d Chemical Battalion from 2002 through 2004 with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, he integrated his units’ training with civilian agencies, such as fire departments, police stations, hospitals, and non-governmental organizations (ie American Red Cross to improve the Defense Support of Civil Authorities capabilities for large-scale chemical defense missions. As a result, he was the first commander selected to provide operational command and control over nearly 400 Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and high- yield Explosives (CBRNE) defense soldiers in Operation Red Dragon in 2004.[7][8][lower-alpha 2] While commander of the 464th Chemical Brigade from 2006 to 2007, Colonel Haraburda provided command and control over the same exercise in 2006, this time commanding over 1,100 chemical, military police, and medical soldiers.[lower-alpha 3] Another major contribution he provided to CBRNE soldiers was his recommendations on ways to improve their leadership capabilities, using ideas he derived from his various military leadership assignments and theories learned as a graduate of the Army War College and the Army Command and General Staff College, military colleges that prepare officers for senior leadership assignments and responsibilities.[lower-alpha 4]


Haraburda Designs
MET Sketch 1 MET Sketch 2
Microwave Electrothermal Thruster
Helical-Coil Heat Exchanger

The National Society of Professional Engineers named Dr. Scott S. Haraburda a Fellow in 2013 in recognition for long-term service with the Society, as well as to the engineering profession and the community (an honor given to less than 1% of its members).[14][15] And from 2014 until 2015, he served as the president of the Indiana Society of Professional Engineers (ISPE).[16] While president of ISPE, he publically led an effort to oppose a state governmental panel recommendation in 2015 to eliminate licensing of engineers in the State of Indiana, causing Governor Mike Pence to soon issue a statement opposing the recommendation as well.[lower-alpha 5] As an inventor, he holds two United States patents and seven patent publications. One of Dr. Haraburda's patents involved a measurement system to be used in the plastics industry, which he used in a project identified by Chemical Processing magazine with its Project of the Year award in 1998 as one of the best projects in the chemical industry.[23][24][lower-alpha 6] Furthermore in 2001, he earned a doctorate in chemical engineering from Michigan State University.[33]

Dr. Haraburda made significant contributions into optimizing the engineering designs of spacecraft propulsion and heat exchangers. In the early 1990s, he conducted research on a Microwave Electrothermal Thruster, to which he developed a simple equilibrium based theory of space-dependent parameters for transport design equations, using helium as the monatomic gas and nitrogen as the diatomic gas.[lower-alpha 7] In the mid-1990s, Dr. Haraburda also designed Helical-coil heat exchangers for fluids with components in multiple phases (solids, liquids, and gases). [lower-alpha 8]



  1. In early 2007, several problems involving contingency contracting surfaced, such as the problems that surrounded the high-visibility Cockerham bribery case, along with the suicides of senior-level contracting and logistics professionals. In August, United States Secretary of the Army, Pete Geren, established an independent commission to review recent operations and provide recommendations.[4] This commission released what became known as the Gansler Report in October 2007.[5] The second of the four key improvements involved the organizational restructure and change of responsibilities for contingency contracting.[6][7]
  2. As a result of the 1995 sarin gas attack on a Tokyo subway and the growing concern about a terrorist chemical attack, the U.S. Congress passed laws to implement a program to train civilian agencies on responding to incidents involving chemical agents.[9]
  3. Colonel Haraburda laid the groundwork for future training efforts with non-military organizations as part of the Defense Support of Civil Authorities for large-scale chemical defense missions, which grew to over 3,000 soldiers with ten civilian hospitals in 2009 and to include foreign contributions with Canadian soldiers in 2014.[10][11][12]
  4. Colonel Haraburda’s leadership recommendations were specifically in the areas of: accomplishing tasks, using data, leading people, communicating information, solving problems, and making decisions: Task (Cannot have all three: cheaper, better, and faster; Accomplishing the task more important than the tools; Plan and sacrifice now for the sake of the future; and Implement plans); Data (Use metrics needed to make decisions; Understand the source of the data; Avoid meaningless goals; and Challenge your assumptions); Personnel (Tasks begins and ends with people; Reward good performers and remove bad performers; Train your successor; and You cannot please everyone); Communication (Consensus decision usually results in a weak decision; ensure meetings are short, infrequent, and value-added; Communicate mission results—good and bad; and Communicate good statements); Problem Solving (Today’s problems came from yesterday’s solutions; The cure may be worse than the disease; Dominate technology and do not let it dominate you; and, Solve problems and not symptoms); and Decision Making (Doing the right thing is better than doing things right; ‘Better’ is the enemy of ‘good enough’; Resources mean nothing if they are not used; and If it “ain’t broke,” strive to maintain or improve it).[13]
  5. Dr. Haraburda's actions quickly drew national attention.[17][18][19][20][21][22]
  6. The other patent and patent publications involved unique information technology systems, specifically Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems within a manufacturing environment.[25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32]
  7. Applying the Finite Element Method (FEM) within the plasma in a Batch Reactor model of the TM011 and TM012 electromagnetic resonance modes of a microwave cavity, he predicted the residence time of the reaction to equilibrium. With his data, he conducted many simulations on NASA's Two-Dimensional Kinetic (TDK) computer program to determine the effects on engine performance from pressure and energy changes along with propellant contamination. He determined that one should use a minimum power of 1 kWatt to obtain specific impulses greater than 1,000 lbf*sec/lb.[34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41] He also determined that fouling of the walls in the discharge chamber significantly reduces the amount of energy transferred to the propellant, thus reducing the rocket efficiencies.
  8. Normal heat exchangers tend to create mechanical problems during operations, such as plugging of small-diameter tubes.[42] Cleaning of helical coils for these multiple-phase fluids can prove to be more difficult than its shell and tube counterpart; however the helical coil unit would require cleaning less often. There are several simple methods for designing HCHE for all types of manufacturing industries, such as using the Ramachandra K. Patil (et al.) method from India and the Haraburda method from the United States.[42][43] However, these are based upon assumptions of estimating inside heat transfer coefficient, predicting flow around the outside of the coil, and upon constant heat flux.[44] Yet, recent experimental data revealed that the empirical correlations are quite in agreement for designing circular and square pattern HCHEs.[45] During studies published in 2015, several researchers found that the boundary conditions of the outer wall of exchangers were essentially constant heat flux conditions in power plant boilers, condensers and evaporators; while convective heat transfer conditions were more appropriate in food, automobile and process industries.[46]


  1. Skirvin, Glen D. (29 May 1991). "Army Astronaut Nomination Selection". Department of the Army. 
  2. Burbach, Mike (1996). "In step with an ally: Reservist eats, sleeps and trains with German army as part of exchange program". pp. 20–21. "A combat support battalion at the Niederauerbach Kaserne (barracks) near the French border in southwestern Germany hosted Haraburda and four other Reservists. The U.S. Army Reserve Command sponsors the exchange program. Germany and the United Kingdom are participating nations. ... Haraburda visited historical sites, including an abandoned bunker complex on the former Maginot Line. And various military installations and museums. At a maintenance facility, Haraburda sat in a submerged personnel carrier for 15 minutes during a leak test (a snorkel delivered fresh air)." 
  3. Haraburda, Scott S. (2006). "Army Science Board — Providing More Than 50 Years of Scientific Advice and Guidance". pp. 70–73. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  4. Army News Service (30 August 2007). "Army Fights Contracting Fraud". Department of the Army. Retrieved 26 July 2015. "The Army went from supporting one Kuwait base camp in 2002 to supporting eight in 2007. Contracts increased from $150 million in 2002 to nearly $1 billion in 2006, and are forecast to reach $1 billion in 2007, according to the secretary. While 20 military and civilian Army employees have been indicted on charges of contract fraud, Sec. Geren said the vast majority of Army contracting professionals fulfill operational requirements everyday for Soldiers serving in harm's way." 
  5. Commission on Army Acquisition and Program Management in Expeditionary Operations (31 October 2007). "Urgent Reform Required: Army Expeditionary Contracting". Department of the Army. Retrieved 26 July 2015. "[on page 5, the second key improvement needed was to] Restructure organization and restore responsibility to facilitate contracting and contract management in expeditionary and CONUS operations." 
  6. Haraburda, Scott S.; Bloom, Frances A. (2009). "Contracting Agility in LOGCAP-Kuwait". pp. 3–8. Retrieved 26 July 2015. "When Secretary Geren visited the Kuwait contracting office in September 2007, he was so impressed with the requirements generation process of the LOGCAP-Kuwait office that he directed that it be used for all requirements within Kuwait. In essence, the LOGCAP process was identified and directed as a management control in the contracting process. ... Colonel Scott S. Haraburda is the lead logistics support officer in the LOGCAP-Kuwait office." 
  7. 7.0 7.1 staff (19 October 2010). "Colonel Haraburda Retires After Nearly Three Decades Of Service; Receives Legion Of Merit". pp. 1, 4. Retrieved 26 July 2015. "[Colonel Haraburda] began his military career as an enlisted soldier in March of 1981. ... From 2002 through 2004, Colonel Haraburda served as the Battalion Commander of the 472nd Chemical Battalion for over 800 soldiers throughout Indiana and Illinois. ... From 2005 through 2006, Colonel Haraburda was mobilized to the Pentagon to serve as the Executive Secretary of the Army Science Board. ... From 2006 through 2007, Colonel Haraburda served as the Brigade Commander of the 464th Chemical Brigade for over 2,000 soldiers throughout five states of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia and Delaware. ... From 2007 through 2009, Colonel Haraburda deployed to Kuwait to serve as the Senior Logistics Support Officer for the LOGCAP program." 
  8. Schuette, Rob (8 September 2006). "Red Dragon tests disaster response". Fort McCoy, WI. Retrieved 26 July 2015. "Red Dragon began as a small exercise at Fort McCoy in 2004 with 400 Soldiers, who were mostly with chemical organizations ... The exercise grew to 800 Soldiers last year helping to respond to a chemical incident scenario that occurred on the installation. About 1,100 Soldiers from medical, military police, chaplain, and chemical units were included in the exercise this year." 
  9. Haraburda, Scott S. (2007). "U.S. Army Reserve Support for Domestic Response to a Chemical Incident". pp. 46–50. Retrieved 23 June 2015. "Colonel Haraburda is a USAR officer and the Commander of the 464th Chemical Brigade. He previously commanded the 472d Chemical Battalion and participated in the first Red Dragon exercise." 
  10. Vail, Michael S. (2009). "Exercise Red Dragon 2009 and the CCMRF". pp. 42–43. Retrieved 23 June 2015. "About 3,000 Soldiers are expected to participate in Red Dragon 2009 at Fort McCoy, Wisconsin, 13–27 June. ... This year’s exercise will involve interactions with first responders, including ten civilian hospitals, from four metropolitan areas in Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Madison, Lacrosse, and Fort McCoy." 
  11. Hoffart, Matthew (2014). "Exercise Red Dragon 2014". "The purpose of this visit for the Canadian contingent was to bring back new ideas and help reinvigorate Canadian CBRN doctrine for the 21st century." 
  12. Baba, Andrew (20 August 2014). "Red Dragon exercise – CBRN training involving Canadian and U.S. Army personnel coming to a close". Ottawa, Ontario. Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  13. Haraburda Scott S. (Winter 2007). "CBRNE Leadership Rules". pp. 4–7. Retrieved 10 June 2015. "Management and leadership skills are key to success, whether developing and running a large-scale training exercise; decontaminating a chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high-explosive (CBRNE) contaminated area; installing an innovative measurement system in a hazardous-chemical manufacturing company; installing new production equipment for a large international foreign company; or planning a family vacation." 
  14. "Complete List of NSPE Fellows". National Society of Professional Engineers. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  15. Peske, Thomas (3 July 2013). "Crane Army Employee Receives Engineering Society Honor". United States Army. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  16. staff (27 May 2014). "Haraburda Named 69th President Of Society Of Professional Engineering". p. 1. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  17. Kelly, Niki (25 July 2015). "Deregulation of engineers draws fire: Panel supports dropping licenses for 11 jobs". Fort Wayne, IN. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 
  18. "Indiana panel recommends state stop licensing engineers". Washington, DC. 25 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015. "Scott S. Haraburda, president of the Indiana Society of Professional Engineers, is concerned about the panel’s suggestion that the state stop licensing engineers. He said that a century ago ‘anyone could work as an engineer without proof of competency’ but every U.S. state currently regulates the practice of engineering to ensure public safety. ‘If the recommendations are implemented, Indiana will be the only state that fails to license and regulate its engineers, a dangerous risk that Hoosiers cannot afford to take’" 
  19. "Indiana panel recommends state stop licensing engineers". San Francisco, CA. 25 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015. "Scott S. Haraburda says if the committee's recommendations are implemented it would pose 'a dangerous risk that Hoosiers cannot afford to take." 
  20. "Indiana panel recommends state stop licensing engineers". Elkhart, IN. 
  21. staff (31 July 2015). "Jobs Committee Supports No State Licenses For 11 Careers". pp. 1. Retrieved 31 July 2015. "Spencer resident U.S. Army Colonel (ret.) Dr. Scott S. Haraburda has been quoted in recent media coverage from New York to California following preliminary findings by the Indiana Jobs Creation Committee. ... Haraburda is concerned about the lack of licensing for engineers, especially." 
  22. Kelly, Niki (31 July 2015). "Pence: Don't kill engineer licensing: Calls it a mistake to adopt panel's recommendation". Fort Wayne, IN. Retrieved 31 July 2015. "'The governor believes it is a mistake not to license engineers and will make sure the recommendation to do so does not stand,' said Kara Brooks, spokeswoman for Pence." 
  23. "Scaleless On-Line Rheometer Device". 
  24. "Chemical Processing magazine's 1998 Project of the Year Awards: Three companies won accolades, but everyone could benefit". 1998. pp. 60–62. "Online reheometer checks quality: Processes certified correct 99.999+% of the time, winning a CP award for project team. ... The project team used the GE 'Design for Six-Sigma Process' to develop, design and implement the project, according to Scott S. Haraburda, the manufacturing project leader." 
  25. "Method and System for Electronic Recycle Inventory Tracking". 
  26. "Method and System for Electronic Tracking of Packaging". 2002. 
  27. "Method and System for Using Electronic Raw Material Tracking and Quality Control". 2002. 
  28. "Method and System for Using Electronic Raw Material and Formula Verification". 2002. 
  29. "Method and System for Using Electronic Downloadable Control Plans". 2002. 
  30. "Method and System for Monitoring Production Data". 2001. 
  31. "Method and System for Visualizing a Production Schedule". 2001. 
  32. "Method and System for Screen Saver Based Communications". 2001. 
  33. Haraburda, Scott S. (2001). Transport phenomena of flow through helium and nitrogen plasmas in microwave electrothermal thrusters (Ph.D.). Michigan State University. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  34. Haraburda Scott S. (June 1992). "Developmental Research for Designing a Microwave Electrothermal Thruster". Orlando, Florida. pp. 15–29. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  35. Haraburda, Scott S.; Hawley, Martin C. (July 1989). "Investigations of Microwave Plasmas (Applications in Electrothermal Thruster Systems)". Monterey, California: AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE. Digital object identifier:10.2514/3.62304. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  36. Haraburda, Scott S.; Hawley, Martin C. (July 1990). "Diagnostic Evaluations of Microwave Generated Helium and Nitrogen Plasma Mixtures". Orlando, Florida: AIAA/DGLR/JSASS. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  37. Haraburda, Scott S.; Hawley, Martin C. (October 1991). "Diagnostic Evaluations of Microwave Generated Helium and Nitrogen Plasma Mixtures". Viareggio, Italy: AIDAA/AIAA/DGLR/JSASS. 
  38. Haraburda, Scott S.; Hawley, Martin C. (July 1992). "Theoretical Nozzle Performance of a Microwave Electrothermal Thruster Using Experimental Data". Nashville, Tennessee: AIAA/SAE/ASME/ASEE. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  39. Haraburda, Scott S.; Hawley, Martin C. (September 1992). "Review of Experimental and Theoretical Research on the Microwave Electrothermal Thruster". Washington, DC: International Astronautical Federation. 
  40. Nickerson, G.R.; Dang, L.D.. "Engineering and programming manual: Two-dimensional kinetic reference computer program (TDK)". NASA. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
  41. Haraburda, Scott S. (2001). Transport phenomena of flow through helium and nitrogen plasmas in microwave electrothermal thrusters (Ph.D.). Michigan State University. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  42. 42.0 42.1 Haraburda, Scott S. (July 1995). "Three-Phase Flow? Consider Helical-Coil Heat Exchanger". pp. 149–151. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  43. "Designing a helical-coil heat exchanger". 13 December 1982. pp. 85–88. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  44. Rennie, Timothy J. (2004). Numerical And Experimental Studies Of A Doublepipe Helical Heat Exchanger (Ph.D.). Montreal: McGill University. pp. 3-4. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  45. "Heat Transfer Analysis Of Helical Coil Heat Exchanger With Circular And Square Coiled Pattern". June 2012. pp. 413–423. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 
  46. Kuvadiya, Manish N.; Deshmukh, Gopal K. (April 2015). "Parametric Analysis of Tube in Tube Helical Coil Heat Exchanger at Constant Wall Temperature". pp. 279–285. Retrieved 14 July 2015. 

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