The Supermarine Spitfire Was the most famous British WWII fighter and also the only allied plane which operated throughout the entire conflict
HistoryEditDesigned in 1936 by Reginald Mitchell (Creator, in 1920s, Also the famous Supermarine S6), Entered service in August 1938 In the version Mk I.
The fame of this plane is said to Battle of Britain, Where his performance in medium and low altitudes (where the main battles were fought) surpassed that of the then main German fighter, the Messerschmitt Bf 109. Although the computation of the final battle is found that British fighters have been killed more than Germans, the losses of aircraft killed in total, counting the Bombers Imposed by Royal Air Force to Luftwaffe through the Spitfire and Hawker HurricaneFrustrated plans Adolf Hitler to compel the Great Britain to sign the peace according to its terms.
At the end of 1941 When the Nazis were already focused on its primary goal,the invasion of Soviet Union It was introduced the first fighter, which matched the Spitfire in performance at low altitudes and excelled in the medium and high: German Focke- Fw 190. By this time the Spitfire began to be produced under license in both United States of America as the Soviet Union. In the second quarter of 1942 In aerial combat over Papua New Guinea and northern Australia It was found that this fighter was also overcome by Mitsubishi A6M Zero Japanese.
For this reason, along 1943 and early 1944 Was gradually replaced by other fighter Aircraft with greater flight range, as U.S. Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, Russian Yakovlev Yak-9 and especially the North American P-51 Mustang and operations of air-ground attack, both by the aforementioned P-47 as by his countryman Hawker Tempest. The functions of fighter-bomber and support for ground forces (both in Europe as in East), Was used until the end of the conflict, when it was definitely obsolete in relation to the main fighters of the time.
- Crew: one pilot
- Length: 29 ft 11 in (9.12 m)
- Wingspan: 36 ft 10 in (11.23 m)
- Height: 11 ft 5 in (3.86 m)
- Wing area: 242.1 ft² (22.48 m²)
- Airfoil: NACA 2209.4(tip)
- Empty weight: 5,090 lb (2,309 kg)
- Loaded weight: 6,622 lb (3,000 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 6,770 lb (3,071 kg)
- Powerplant: 1× Rolls-Royce Merlin 45 supercharged V12 engine, 1,470 hp (1,096 kW) at 9,250 ft (2,820 m)
- Maximum speed: 378 mph, (330 kn, 605 km/h)
- Combat radius: 410 nmi (470 mi, 760 km)
- Ferry range: 991 nmi (1,140 mi, 1,840 km)
- Service ceiling: 35,000 ft (11,300 m)
- Rate of climb: 2,665 ft/min (13.5 m/s)
- Wing loading: 24.56 lb/ft² (119.91 kg/m²)
- Power/mass: 0.22 hp/lb (0.36 kW/kg)
- 2 × 20 mm (0.787-in) Hispano Mk II cannon, 60 rpg (drum magazine)
- 4 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Browning machine guns, 350 rpg
- Bombs: 2 × 250 lb (113 kg) bombs
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