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Thomas Cruse
Thomas Cruse.png
Thomas Cruse
Born (1857-12-29)December 29, 1857
Died June 8, 1943(1943-06-08) (aged 85)
Place of birth Owensboro, Kentucky
Place of death Longport, New Jersey
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1879–1918
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars Indian Wars
*Apache Wars
*Battle of Big Dry Wash
Philippine-American War
World War I
Awards Medal of Honor

Thomas Cruse (December 29, 1857 – June 8, 1943) was a United States Army Brigadier General who was a recipient of the Medal of Honor for valor in action on July 17, 1882, at the Battle of Big Dry Wash, Arizona. An 1879 graduate of West Point, he served in numerous campaigns on the Western Frontier and later in the Philippines. He retired as a Brigadier General in 1918.

Education and army careerEdit

Cruse was born in Owensboro, Kentucky on December 29, 1857. Before attending West Point, he attended Centre College in Kentucky, 1874–1875. He graduated from West Point in 1879. Cruse was commissioned Second Lieutenant, in the 6th United States Cavalry upon graduation.[1] Cruse was later an honor graduate of the Infantry-Cavalry School in 1891. He received the Medal of Honor "for distinguished gallantry in action with hostile Indians" at Big Dry Fork, Arizona on July 17, 1882. He received the medal on July 12, 1892. Three other men also received the Medal of Honor at Big Dry Fork, Arizona: Frank West, George H. Morgan, and Charles Taylor.[2]

Cruse later served in the Philippine-American War. Later in his career, he graduated from the Army War College in 1916 and was promoted to Brigadier General on January 9, 1917. He retired from active duty in January 1918.[3] Shortly after his retirement he was accused of involvement in a scandal involving quartermaster-acquisition procedures with Chicago manufacturing agent Henry H. Lippert.[4]

Medal of Honor citationEdit

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Big Dry Fork, Ariz., 17 July 1882. Entered service at: Owensboro, Ky. Birth: Owensboro, Ky. Date of issue: 12 July 1892.

Citation:

Gallantly charged hostile Indians, and with his carbine compelled a party of them to keep under cover of their breastworks, thus being enabled to recover a severely wounded soldier.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

Cruse retired to Longport, New Jersey, where he wrote Apache Days and After.[5] He died on June 8, 1943, and is buried in Section 3, Lot 1763, of Arlington National Cemetery.[6] He married Ms. Beatrice Cottrell (1862–1936), who is buried with him. They had two sons, Fred Taylor Cruse and United States Naval Academy Midshipman James Thomas Cruse. James was killed in an explosion aboard the USS Georgia in 1907. He is buried next to his parents.[3]

ReferencesEdit

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
  1. "Biographical Register of Graduates". USMA Library Special Collections (Cullum File). http://digital-library.usma.edu/libmedia/archives/cullum/VOL3_PART0002.PDF. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Medal of Honor recipients Indian Wars Period". Army Center of Military History. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/indianwars.html. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Thomas Cruse". Arlington National Cemetery. http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/tcruse.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  4. "General Accused in Graft Case" (PDF). New York Times. March 2, 1918. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9D05E5D6133BEE3ABC4A53DFB5668383609EDE. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  5. Cruse, Thomas. 1941. Apache Days and After. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska. 328p.
  6. "Thomas Cruse". Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?GRid=6164756&page=gr. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 

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